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Snakehead GraphicAn asterisk (*) after the citation indicates that the reference was not seen by authors or was cited from other references. Literature citations from species synonymies accompanying species accounts are not included herein but can be obtained on the Internet at: http://www.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatsearch.htm.

Adebisi, A.A., 1981, Analyses of the stomach contents of the piscivorous fishes of the Upper Ogun River in Nigeria: Hydrobiologia 79, p. 167-177.

Ahmad, M.U., Khumar, F., Anwar, S., and Siddiqui, M.S., 1990, Preliminary observations on the growth and food of the murrel Channa (=Ophicephalus) marulius (Bloch) of the River Kali in north India: Journal of Freshwater Biology, v. 2, no. 1, p. 47-50.

Ajana, A.M., 1983, Brackish water fish culture in Nigeria: Present status and practices: Aquaculture, v. 31, p. 329-337.

Ali, A.B., 1999, Aspects of the reproductive biology of female snakehead (Channa striata) (Bloch) obtained from irrigated rice agroecosystem, Malaysia: Hydrobiologia, v. 411, p. 71-77.

Alikunhi, K.H., 1953, Notes on the bionomics, breedings and growth of the murrel, Ophicephalus striatus (Bloch): Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, v. 38, no. 1, p. 41-59.

Allen, G.R., 1991, Field guide to the freshwater fishes of New Guinea: Singapore, Calendar Print Pte. Ltd., Christensen Research Institute, Publication No. 9, 268 p.

Amanov, A.A., 1974, Morphology and mode of life of the Amur snakehead (Ophiocephalus argus warpachowskii) in Chimkurgan Reservoir: Journal of Ichthyology, v. 14, no. 5, p. 713-717.

Annandale, N., 1918, Fish and fisheries in the Inle Lake: Records of the Indian Museum, v. 14, p. 33-64.

Armstrong, H.C., 1923, Channa Fasciata: Aquatic life and the aquatic world, v. 7, no. 10, p. 75-76.

Arthur, J.R., and Ahmed, Abu Tweb A., 2002, Checklist of the parasites of fishes of Bangladesh: FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 369/1, p. 1-77.

Atkinson, C.E., 1977, Peoples Republic of China, in Brown, E.E., ed., World Fish Farming: Cultivation and Economics: Westport, Connecticut, AVI Publishing Co., p. 321-344.

Axelrod, H.R., and Schultz, L.P., 1955, Handbook of tropical aquarium fishes: New York, McGraw-Hill, 718 p.

Baie, S.H., and Sheikh, K.A., 2000, The wound healing properties of Channa striatus cetrimide cream; tensile strength measurement: Journal of Ethnopharmacology, v. 71, nos. 1-2, p. 93-100.*

Bailey, R.G., 1994, Guide to the fishes of the River Nile in the Republic of the Sudan: Journal of Natural History, v. 28, p. 937-970.

Bailey, W.M., and Haller, W.T., 1977, A survey of reported natural spawning sites of the grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella Val.) in the Far East: Journal Series 1164, Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, 17 p.

Baltz, D.M., 1991, Introduced fishes in marine systems and inland seas: Biological Conservation, v. 56, p. 151-177.

Balzer, T., Balzer, P., and Pon, S., 2002, Traditional use and availability of aquatic biodiversity in rice-based ecosystems. I. Kampong Thom Province, Kingdom of Cambodia: Rome, Italy, FAO/Netherlands Partnership Programme “Awareness of Agricultural Biodiversity.”

Banerjee, S.K., Misra, K.K., Banerjee, S., and Ray-Chaudhuri, S.P., 1988, Chromosome numbers, genome sizes, cell volumes and evolution of snake-head fish (family Channidae): Journal of Fish Biology, v. 33, p. 781-789.

Banerji, S.R., 1974, Hypophysation and life history of Channa punctatus (Bloch): Journal of the Inland Fisheries Society of India, v. 6, p. 62-73.

Bard, J., 1991, Aperu de la pisciculture en eaux continentals dans le Nord-Vietnam: Revue Bois et Forts de Tropiques, v. 228, p. 74-77.

Bardach, J.E., Ryther, J.H., and McLarney, W.O., 1972, Aquaculture: The farming and husbandry of freshwater and marine organisms: Wiley, New York, Interscience, 868 p.

Bauchot, M-L., Daget, J., and Bauchot, R., 1990, L’ichtyologie en France au debut du XIXe siecle L’Histoire naturelle des Poissons de Cuvier et Valenciennes: Bulletin de Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, v. 12, p. 3-142.

Bean, B.A., and Weed, A.C., 1912, Notes on a collection of fishes from Java, made by Owen Bryant and William Palmer in 1909, with descriptions of a new species: Proceedings of the Smithsonian Institution of Natural History, v. 42, p. 587-611.*

Beeckman, W., and De Bont, A.F., 1985, Characteristics of the Nam Ngum Reservoir ecosystem as deduced from the food of the most important fish-species: Internationale Vereinigung fr Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie, v. 22, p. 2643-2649.

Berg, L.S., 1947, Classification of fishes both recent and fossil: Ann Arbor, Michigan, J.W. Edwards, 517 p.

_____1965, Freshwater fishes of the USSR and adjacent countries, Vol. III (4th ed., improved and augmented): [Translated from Russian; original 1949, Jerusalem, Israel Program for Scientific Translations], p. 937-1381.

Berra, T.M., 2001, Freshwater fish distribution: New York, Academic Press, 604 p.

Bhatt, V.S., 1970, Studies on the growth of Ophicephalus striatus (Bloch): Hydrobiologica, v. 36, no. 1, p. 165-177.

Bhuiyan, A.L., 1964, Fishes of Dacca: Dacca, Asiatic Society of Pakistan, 148 p.

Bhuiyan, A.S., and Rahman, K., 1982, On the fecundity of the snake-headed fish, Channa gachua (Hamilton) (Channidae: Channiformes): Bangladesh Journal of Zoology, v. 10, no. 2, p. 101-110.

_____1984, Fecundity of the snake headed fish, Channa punctatus (Bloch and Schneider) (Channidae: Channiformes): Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, v. 10, no. 2, p. 75-81.

Blache, J., Miton, F., Staugh, A., Iltis, A., and Loubens G., 1964, Les poissons du basin du Tchad et du basin adjacent du Mayo-Kebbi: Etude systematique et biologique: Paris, France, Publication de Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer (ORSTROM), 483 p.

Bloch, M.E., 1793, Naturgeschichte der Auslandischen fische, 7: Berlin, Germany, Morino & Co., 144 p.

Boeseman, M., 1949, On Pleistocene remains of Ophiocephalus from Java: Zoologische Mededelingen Leiden, v. 30, p. 83-94, plus 5 plates.

_____1957, On a collection of fishes from Stanley Pool (Belgian Congo): Zoologische Mededelingen Leiden, v. 35, p. 139-151.

Bogutskaya, N.G., and Naseka, A.M., 2002, An overview of nonindigenous fishes in inland waters of Russia: Proceedings of the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, v. 296, p. 21-30.

Bonou, C.A., and Teugels, G.G., 1985, Revision systamatique du genre Parachanna (Teugels et Daget, 1984) (Pisces: Channidae): Revue d’Hydrobiologie Tropicale, v. 18, no. 4, p. 267-280.

Borisova, A.T., 1972, Accidental introductions of fishes into the waters of Uzbekistan: Journal of Ichthyology, v. 12, no. 1, p. 41-45.

Boulenger, G.A., 1907, The fishes of the Nile: London, Jugh Rees, Ltd., (1965 reprint by Wheldon and Wesley, Ltd., London), 517 p.

_____1916, Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa in the British Museum (Natural History), Vol. IV: London, British Museum of Natural History, 392 p.

Breder, C.M., Jr., and Rosen, D.E., 1966, Modes of reproduction in fishes: New Jersey, T.F.H. Publications, 941 p.

Brind, W.L., 1914, Domesticated fish, 1: New York, W.L. Brind, 14 p.

Brock, V.E., 1952, A history of the introduction of certain aquatic animals to Hawaii: Territory of Hawaii, Board of Agriculture and Forestry, p. 114-123. 

_____1960, The introduction of aquatic animals into Hawaiian waters: International Revue der gesamten Hydrobiologie und Hydrographie, v. 45, p. 463-480.

Bureau of Aquatic Products Industry, 1988, [The freshwater fishes of China in coloured illustrations], Vol, 2: Shanghai, China, Ministry of Chinese Agriculture, Husbandry, and Fishery, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Natural History Museum of Shanghai, Shanghai Science and Technology Publishing House, 201 p. [In Chinese.]

Bykhovskaya-Pavlovskaya, I.E., Gusev, A.V., Dubinina, M.N., Izyumova, N.A., Smirnova, T.S., Sokolovskaya, I.L., Shtein, G.G., Shilman, S.S., and Epshtein, V.M., 1964, Key to parasites of freshwater fish of the USSR [English translation of Opredelitel parazitov presnovodnykh ryb SSSR]: Israel Program for Scientific Translation, Jerusalem, 919 p.

Chacko, P.I., and Kuriyan, G.K, 1947, Culture of murral fish (Ophicephalus marulius) in irrigation wells: Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, v. 47, no. 2, p. 393-394.

Chaudhuri, B.L., 1919, Report on a small collection of fish from Putao (Hkamti Long) on the northern frontier of Burma: Records of the Indian Museum, v. 16, no. 4, p. 271-287.

Chiba, K., Yasuhiko, T., Sakai, K., and Oozeki, Y., 1989, Present status of aquatic organisms introduced into Japan, in De Silva, S.S., ed., Exotic aquatic organisms in Asia Proceedings of the Workshop on Introduction of Exotic Aquatic Organisms in Asia: Manila, Philippines, Asian Fisheries Society Special Publication 3, p. 63-70.

Coad, B.W., 1979, A provisional, annotated check-list of the freshwater fishes of Iran: Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, v. 76, no. 1, p. 86-105.

_____1981, Fishes of Afghanistan, an annotated check-list: National Museum of Canada, Publications in Zoology, v. 14, p. 1-26.

Cobb, J.N., 1905, The commercial fisheries of the Hawaiian Islands in 1903: Report of the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries, 1904, p. 433-512.

Conlu, P.V., 1986, Guide to Philippine flora and fauna, Vol. IX of Fishes: Natural Resources Management Center Ministry of Natural Resources and University of the Philippines, 495 p.

Copley, Hugh, 1952, The Game Fishes of Africa: London, Witherby, Ltd., 276 p.

Courtenay, W.R., Jr., Deacon, J.E., Sada, D.W., Allan, R.C., and Vinyard, G.L., 1985, Comparative status of fishes along the course of the pluvial White River, Nevada: Southwestern Naturalist, v. 30, no. 4, p. 503-524.

Courtenay, W.R., Jr., Hensley, D.A., Taylor, J.N., and McCann, J.A., 1984, Distribution of exotic fishes in the continental United States: in Distribution, Biology, and Management of Exotic Fishes, Baltimore, Maryland, Johns Hopkins University Press, p. 41-77.

Courtenay, W.R., Jr., and Miley, W.W., II, 1975, Range expansion and environmental impress of the introduced walking catfish in the United States: Environmental Conservation, v. 2, no. 2, p. 145-148.

Cowx, I.G., 1998, Stocking and introduction of fish: Oxford, England, Fishing News Books, 456 p.

Cuvier, G., 1831, Ophicephalus miliaris, in Cuvier, G., and Valenciennes, A., Histoire Naturelle de Poissons 7: Paris, France, F.G. Levrault, p. 439.

Daget, J., and Iltis, A., 1965, Poissons de Cte dIvoire (eaux douces et saumtres): Mmoires de LInstitut Franais DAfrique Noire 65, 385 p.

Daiqin, Y., Chen Fang, Fang Changyan, and Luo Jingbo, 1999, [Studies on age and growth of Channa asiatica: Journal of Fisheries Science of China], v. 6, no. 3, p. 10-13. [In Chinese with English abstract.]

Dankwa, H.R., Abban, E.K., and Teugels, G.G., 1999, Freshwater fishes of Ghana: Identification, distribution, ecological and economic importance: Annales Sciences Zoologiques, Muse Royale de LAfrique Centrale, no. 283, p. 1-53.

Das, S.M., and Nath, S., 1971, A revision of fishes from Jammu Province, India: Kashmire Science, v. 8, p. 1-22.*

Das, S.M., and Saxena, D.B., 1956, Circulation of the blood in the respiratory region of the fishes Labeo rohita and Ophicephalus striatus: Copeia, no. 2, p. 100-109.

Dasgupta, M., 2000, Adaptation of the alimentary tract to feeding habits in four species of fish of the genus Channa: Indian Journal of Fisheries, v. 47, no. 3, p. 265-269.

Day, F., 1865a, On the fishes of Cochin, on the Malabar Coast of India: Proceedings of the Zoolological Society of London, p. 286-318.

_____1865b, The fishes of Malabar, London, Bernard Quaritch, 293 p.

_____1868, Observations on some of the freshwater fishes of India: Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, p. 274-288.

_____1875, The fishes of India; Being a natural history of the fishes known to inhabit the seas and fresh faters of India, Burma, and Ceylon, Vols.I & II (reprinted 1971): New Delhi, India, Today & Tomorrows Book Agency, 778 p.

_____1877, On the fishes of Yarkand: Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, p. 781-807.

Dehadrai, P.V., Banerji, S.R., Thakur, N.K., and Das, N.K., 1973, Sexual dimorphism in certain air breathing teleosts: Journal of the Inland Fisheries Society of India , v. 5, p. 71-77.

Deraniyagala, P.E.P., 1929, The labyrinthici of Ceylon: Spoilia Zeylanica, v. 15, no. 2, p. 79-111.

_____1932, Ichthyological notes: The systematic position of the genus Channa; some mineral spring fishes; a rain of fishes, Spoilia Zeylanica, v. 17 no. 1, p. 40-41.

Devi, K.R., 1992, On a small collection of fish from Javadi Hills, North Arcot District, Tamil Nadu: Records of the Zoolological Survey of India, v. 91, no. 3-4, p. 353-360.

DeWitt, H.H., 1960, A contribution to the ichthyology of Nepal: Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin, v. 7, no. 4, p. 63-88.

Dhar, N.J., and Chatterjee, K., 1984, Chromosomal evolution in Indian murrels (Channiformes: Channidae): Caryologia, v. 37, no. 4, p. 359-371.*

Donsakul, Thawat, and Magtoon, Wichian, 1991, Kan suksa chromosome khong pla chon chon-ngu-hao chado krasong lae pla kang thi phop nai Prarthet Thai (Chromosome study on five species of channid fishes [Channa, family Channidae]), from Thailand, in Proceedings of the 29th Kasetsart University Annual Conference: Animal Science, Veterinary Science, and Aquaculture: Bangkok, Thailand, p. 561-574.*

Dudley, R.G., 2000, The fishery of Danau Sentarum: Borneo Research Bulletin, v. 30, p. 261-306.

Dukravets, G.M., 1992, The Amur snakehead, Channa argus warpachowskii, in the Talas and Chu River drainages: Journal of Ichthyology, v. 31, no. 5, p. 147-151.

Dukravets, G.M., and Machulin, A.I., 1978, The morphology and ecology of the Amur snakehead, Ophiocephalus argus warpachowskii, acclimatized in the Syr Dar’ya basin: Journal of Ichthyology, v. 18, no. 2, p. 203-208.

Dutta, S.P.S., 1994, Food and feeding habits of Channa punctatus (Bloch) inhabiting Gadigarh Stream, Jammu: Journal of Freshwater Biology, v. 6, no. 4, p. 333-336.

Edds, D.R., 1986a, The fishes of Royal Chitwan National Park: Journal of the Nepal Natural History Museum, v. 10, p. 1-12.

_____1986b, Fishes of the Kali Gandaki/Narayani River, Nepal: Journal of the Nepal Natural History Museum, v. 10, p. 13-22.

_____1993, Fish assemblage structure and environmental correlates in Nepal’s Gandaki River: Copeia, no. 1, p. 48-60.

Eldredge, L.G., 1994, Perspectives in aquatic exotic species management in the Pacific Islands, Vol. I, Introductions of commercially significant aquatic organisms to the Pacific Islands: Noumea, New Caledonia, South Pacific Commission, 127 p.

Eschmeyer, W.N., ed., 1998, Catalog of fishes: California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, California, 697 p.

Ettrich, G., 1989, Breeding the green snakeheadIts a mouthbrooder! Tropical Fish Hobbyist, v. 37, no. 10, p. 34-36.

Evermann, B.W.,, and Shaw, T., 1927, Fishes from eastern China, with descriptions of new species: Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, v. 16, p. 97-122.

Fernando, C.H., and Indrassna, H.H.A., 1969, The freshwater fisheries of Ceylon: Bulletin of the Fisheries Research Station of Ceylon, v. 20, no. 2, p. 101-134.

Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, 2001, New exotic fish now present in Floridas freshwater system: West Palm Beach, Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission news release, March 22, 2001.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), 1994, Aquaculture production 1986-1992 (4th ed.): Rome, Italy, FAO Fisheries Circular 815, 216 p.

Frank, S., 1970, Acclimatization experiments with Amur snakehead, Ophiocephalus argus warparchowskii (Berg, 1909) in Czechoslovakia: Vstnk eskoslovensk Spolenosti Zoologick, v. 34, p. 277-283.

Fuller, P.L., Nico, L.G., and Williams, J.D., 1999, Nonindigenous fishes introduced into inland waters of the United States: American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 27, 613 p.

Gerald, V.M., 1976a, The effect of size on the consumption, absorption and conversion of food in Ophiocephalus punctatus (Bloch): Hydrobiologia, v. 49 no. 1, p. 77-85.*

_____1976b, The effect of temperature on the consumption, absorption and conversion of food in Ophiocephalus punctatus (Bloch): Hydrobiologia, v. 49, no. 1, p. 87-93.*

Giltay, L., 1933, Resultats Scientifiques du Voyage aux Indes Orientales Neerlandaises de LL. AA. RR. le Prince et la Princesse Leopold de Belgique: Memoires du Musee Royal D’Histoire Naturelle de Belgique, v. 5, no. 3, 129 p.

Golubtsov, A.S., Darkov, A.A., Dgebuadze, YuYu, and Mina, M.V., 1995, An artificial key to fish species of the Gambela region (the White Nile basin in the limits of Ethiopia): Joint Ethio-Russian Biological Expedition: Jerbe, Addis Ababa, 84 p.

Gosse, J.P., 1963, Le milieu aquatique et l’ecologie des poissons dans la region de Yangambi: Annales du Musee Royal de l’Afrique Centrale, Sciences Zoologiques, v. 116, p. 113-249.

Graham, J.B., 1997, Air-breathing fishes: Evolution, diversity, and adaptation: San Diego, California, Academic Press, 299 p.

Gronow, L.T., 1763, Zoophylacii Gronoviani fasciculus primus exhibens animalia quadrupeda, amphibia atque pisces, quae in museo suo adservat, rite examinavit, systematice disposuit, descripsit atque iconibus illustravit Laur: Theod. Gronovius, J.U.D., Lugduni Batavorim, 136 p.*

Guerrero, R.D., III, 2000, Freshwater aquaculture in the Philippines: World Aquaculture, v. 31, no. 4, p. 30-33.*

Guseva, L.N., 1990, Food and feeding rations of the Amur snakehead, Channa argus warpachowskii, in water bodies in the lower reaches of the Amu Darya: Journal of Ichthyology, v. 30, no. 3, p. 11-21.

Guseva, L.N., and Zholdasova, I.M., 1986, Morphoecological characteristics of the snakehead (Ophiocephalus argus warpachowskii) (Berg) as an introduced species in water bodies in the lower delta of the Amy Darya, in Biological Resources of the Aral Region, FAN, Tashkent, p. 98-134.

Hamilton, F., 1822, An account of the fishes found in the River Ganges and its tributaries: Edinburgh, Archibald Constable and Company, 405 p.

Hartel, K.E., Halliwell, D.B., and Launer, A.E., 2002, Inland fishes of Massachusetts: Lincoln, Mass., Massachusetts Audubon Society, 328 p.

Hay, Man Shek, and Hodgkiss, I.J., 1981, Hong Kong freshwater fishes: Hong Kong, The Urban Council, Wishing Printing Company, 75 p.

Herre, A.W.C.T., 1924, Distribution of the true fresh-water fishes in the Philippines, Vol. II of The Philippine Labyrinthici, Clariidae, and Siluridae: Philippine Journal of Science, v. 24, no. 6, p. 683-709, pls. 1-2.

_____1934, The fishes of the Herre Philippine Expedition of 1931: Notes on Stanford, California, Fishes in the Zoological Museum of Stanford University, 106 p.

Herre, A.W.C.T., and Myers, G.S., 1937, A contribution to the ichthyology of the Malay Peninsula: Bulletin of the Raffles Museum, v. 13, p. 5-75.

Herzenstein, S., and Warpachowski, N., 1887, Notizen ber die fischfauna des Amur-Bekens und der angrenzenden gebiete: Transactions of the St. Petersburg Philosophical Society, Zoological Division, v. 18, p. 1-58.

Hoffman, G.L., and Schubert, G., 1984, Some parasites of exotic fishes: in Courtenay, W.R., Jr., and Stauffer, J.R., Jr., eds., Distribution, Biology, and Management of Exotic Fishes: Baltimore, Maryland, Johns Hopkins University Press, p. 233-261.

Hofstede, A.E., Ardiwinata, R.O., and Botke, F., eds., 1953, Fish-culture in Indonesia: Indo-Pacific Fisheries Council Special Publication 2, 129 p.

Holck, J., 1991, Fish introductions in Europe with particular reference to its central and eastern part: Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, v. 48 no. 1, p. 13-23.

Hosoya, K., 2002, Channidae; snakeheads, in Nakabo, Tetsuji, ed., Fishes of Japan with Pictorial Keys to the Species, English Edition, II, Tokyo, Japan, Tokai University Press, p. 1353.

Howell, G.C.L., 1913, Recent observation on the murral (Ophiocephalus striatus): Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, v. 22, p. 405-510.

Howells, R.G., Williams, J.D., and Courtenay, W.R., Jr., 2002, Snakeheads represent an increasing threat to U.S. waters: ANS Digest, v. 4, no. 4, p. 37 and p. 40-41.

Inger, R.F., and Kong, C.P., 1962, The fresh-water fishes of North Borneo: Fieldiana: Zoology, v. 45, p. 1-268.

Innes, W.T., 1920, Channa fasciata: Aquatic life and the aquatic world, v. 5, no. 9, p. 99-100.

_____1955, Exotic aquarium fishes: A work of general reference (18 ed.) Philadelphia, Innes Publishing Company, 541 p.

Irvine, F.R., 1947, The fishes and fisheries of the Gold Coast: London, The Crown Agents, 352 p.

Ismail, M.Z., 1989, Systematics, zoogeography, and conservation of the freshwater fishes of Peninsular Malaysia: Colorado State University, Ph.D. dissertation, 473 p.

Jackson, P.B.N., 1988, Aquaculture in Africa, in Leveque, C., Bruton, M.N., and Ssentongo, G.W., eds., Biology and Ecology of African Freshwater fishes: Paris., France, Collection Travaux et Documents 216, Institut Franais de Recherche Scientifique pour le Developpement en Cooperation, p. 459-475

Jain, S.K., and Garg, S.K., 1984, Thermal tolerance limits of the Indian murrel Channa punctatus: Indian Journal of Ecology, v. 11, no. 2, p. 309-312.

Jayaram, K.C., 1999, The freshwater fishes of the Indian region: Narendra Publishing House, Dehli, India, 551 p.

Jhingran, A.G., 1984, The fish genetic resources of India: Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Allahabad and Maya Press Pvt. Ltd., Allahabad, 82 p.

Jinhui, Kuang Puren Qian, 1991, Economic fauna of China: Editorial Committee, Fauna Sinica, Adacemia Sinica: Beijing, China, Science Press, 203 p.

Jocano, F.L., 1975, Philippine prehistory: An anthropological overview of the beginnings of the Filipino society and culture: Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines, Philippine Center for Advanced Studies, University of the Philippines System, 280 p.

Johal, M.S., Hanel, L., and Oliva, O., 1983, Note on the growth of Ophicephalus marulius (Pisces: Ophicephaliformes): Vstnk eskoslovensk Spolenosti Zoologicke, v. 47, p. 81-86.

Jordan, D.S., and Evermann, B.W., 1903, The aquatic resources of the Hawaiian Islands: Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission, v. 23, no. 1, p. 479-533.

Jordan, D.S., and Seale, A., 1907, List of the fishes collected in the river at Buytenzorg, Java, in Campbell, D.H., ed., Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum, v. 33, no. 1575, p. 535-543.

Joshi, B.N., and Sathyanesan, A.G., 1981, Occurrence of oocytes in the testis of the freshwater teleost Channa punctatus (Bloch): Mikroskopie, v. 38, p. 262-264.

Kahn, M.H., 1924, Observations on the breeding habits of some fresh water fishes in the Punjab: Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, v. 29, no. 4, p. 958-962.

Kanchanakhan, S., Saduakdee, U., and Areerat, S., 1999, Virus isolation from epizootic ulcerative syndrome-diseased fishes: Asian Fisheries Science, v. 12, no. 4, p. 327-335.

Kehar, A.A., Jafri, S.I.H., and Ahmed, S.S., 1995, Laboratory evaluation and rating of some freshwater fishes of Pakistan for the biological control of mosquitoes Culex quinquefasciatus: Pakistan Journal of Zoology, v. 27, no. 2, p. 157-159.*

Khin, U., 1948, Fisheries in Burma: Rangoon, Burma, Government Printing and Stationery, 180 p.

Khora, S.S., and Rao, K.V.R., 1994, A preliminary account on the fish fauna of the estuaries of Ganjam District, Orissa: Records of the Zoological Survey of India, v. 94, no. 1, p. 99-111.

Kilambi, R.V., 1986, Age, growth and reproductive strategy of the snakehead, Ophicephalus striatus (Bloch), from Sri Lanka: Journal of Fish Biology, v. 29, p. 13-22.

Kimura, S., 1934, Description of the fishes collected from the Yangtze-kiang, China, by the late Dr. K. Kishinouye and his party in 1927-1929: Journal of the Shanghai Science Institute, v. 3, no. 1, p. 11-247.

Klee, A.J., 1963, Under the cover glass: Aquarium Journal, v. 34, no. 9, p. 406-409.

_____1987, A history of the aquarium hobby in America: American Cichlid Association Special Publication 1, 158 p.

Kottelat, M., 1985, Fresh-water fishes of Kampuchea: Hydrobiologia, v. 121, p. 249-279.

_____1994, The fishes of the Mahakam River, East Borneo: An example of the limitations of zoogeographic analyses and the need for extensive fish surveys in Indonesia: Tropical Biodiversity, v. 2, no. 3, p. 401-426.

_____1998, Fishes of the Nam Theun and Xe Bangfai basins, Laos, with diagnoses of twenty-two new species (Teleostei: Cyprinidae, Balitoridae, Cobitidae, Coiidae and Odontobutidae): Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwaters, v. 9, no. 1, p. 1-128.

_____2001a, Fishes of Laos: Colombo, Sri Lanka, WHT Publications, 198 p.

_____2001b, Freshwater fishes of Northern Vietnam: A preliminary check-list of the fishes known or expected to occur in Northern Vietnam, with comments on systematics and nomenclatur: The World Bank, 123 p.

Kottelat, M., Kartikasari, S.R., Whitten, A.J., Kartikasari, S.N., and Wirjoatmodjo, S., 1993, Freshwater fishes of western Indonesia and Sulawesi: Indonesia, Periplus Editions (HK) Ltd., 221 p., plus 84 plates.

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