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References on Inventorying and
Monitoring Amphibians


Adams, M.J., Bury, R.B., and Swarts, S.A., 1998, Amphibians of the Fort Lewis Military Reservation, Washington_Sampling techniques and community patterns: Northwestern Naturalist, v. 79, p. 12-18.

Alford, R.A., and Richards, S.J., 1999, Global amphibian declines_A problem in applied ecology: Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, v. 30, p. 133-165.

Alford, R.A., Bradfield, K., and Richards, S., 1999, Measuring and analysing developmental instability as a tool for monitoring frog populations, in Campbell, A., ed., Declines and disappearances of Australian frogs: Canberra, Australia, Environment, p. 34-43.

Altig, R.G., and McDiarmid, R.W., 1999, Body plan_Development and morphology, in McDiarmid, R.W., and Altig, R.G., eds., Tadpoles: University of Chicago Press, The Biology of Anuran Larvae, p. 24-51.

Benz, G.W., and Collins, D.E., eds., Aquatic fauna in peril: The Southeastern Perspective: Decatur, Ga., Southeast Aquatic Research Institute, Lenz Design and Communications, Special Publication No. 1, 553 p.

Bishop, C.A., and Pettit, K.E., eds., 1992, Declines in Canadian amphibian populations: Designing a national monitoring strategy: Canadian Wildlife Service Occasional Paper No. 76, 117 p.

Bishop, C.A., Pettit, K.E., Gartshore, M.E., and MacLeod, D.A., 1997, Extensive monitoring of anuran populations using call counts and road transects in Ontario (1992 to 1993), in Green, D.M., ed., Amphibians in decline_Canadian studies of a global problem: Herpetological Conservation No. 1, p. 149-160.

Bonin, J., and Bachand, Y., 1997, The use of artificial covers to survey terrestrial salamanders in Quebec, in Green, D.M., ed., Amphibians in decline_Canadian studies of a global problem: Herpetological Conservation No. 1, p. 175-179.

Boughton, R., Staiger, J., and Franz, R., 2000, Use of PVC pipe refugia as a sampling technique for hylid treefrogs: American Midland Naturalist, v. 144, p. 168-177.

Boulinier, T., Nichols, J.D., Hines, J.E., Sauer, J.R., Flather, C.H., and Pollock, K.H., 1998a, Higher temporal variability of forest breeding bird communities in fragmented landscapes: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v. 95, p. 7497-7501.

Boulinier, T., Nichols, J.D., Sauer, J.R., Hines, J.E., and Pollock, K.H., 1998b, Estimating species richness_The importance of heterogeneity in species detectability: Ecology, v. 79, p. 1018-1028.

Brown, M.L., 2000, The wild East_A biography of the Great Smoky Mountains: Gainesville, University Presses of Florida, 457 p.

Bury, R.B., and Corn, P.S., 1991, Sampling methods for amphibians in streams in the Pacific Northwest: U.S. Forest Service, General and Technical Report PNW-GTR-275, 29 p.

Carey, C., and Bryant, C.J., 1995, Possible interrelations among environmental toxicants, amphibian development, and decline of amphibian populations: Environmental Health Perspectives, v. 103, no. 4, p. 13-17.

Casazza, M.L., Wylie, G.D., and Gregory, C.J., 2000, A funnel trap modification for surface collection of aquatic amphibians and reptiles: Herpetological Review, v. 31, p. 91-92.

Chalmers, R.C., and Droege, S., 2002, Leaf litterbags as an index to populations of northern two-lined salamanders (Eurycea bislineata): Wildlife Society Bulletin, v. 30, p. 71-74.

Chinchar, V.G., 2002, Ranaviruses (family Iridoviridae)_Emerging cold-blooded killers: Archives of Virology, v. 147, p. 447-470.

Corn, P.S., 2000, Amphibian declines_Review of some current hypotheses, in Sparling, D.W., Linder, G., and Bishop, C.A., eds., Ecotoxicology of Amphibians and Reptiles: Pensacola, Fla., SETAC Press, p. 663-696.

Corn, P.S., and Bury, R.B., 1990, Sampling methods for terrestrial amphibians and reptiles. U.S. Forest Service General and Technical Report PNW-GTR-256, 34 p.

Corn, P.S., Jennings, M.L., and Muths, E., 1997, Survey and assessment of amphibian populations in Rocky Mountain National Park: Northwestern Naturalist, v. 78, p. 34-55.

Corn, P.S., Muths, E., and Iko, W.M., 2000, A comparison in Colorado of three methods to monitor breeding amphibians: Northwestern Naturalist, v. 81, p. 22-30.

Crawford, E., and Kurta, A., 2000, Color of pitfall affects trapping success for anurans and shrews: Herpetological Review, v. 31, p. 222-224.

Crother, B.I. (compiler), 2000, Scientific and standard English names of amphibians and reptiles of North America north of Mexico, with comments regarding confidence in our understanding: Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Herpetological Circular No. 29, 82 p.

Crouch, W.B., and Paton, P.W.C., 2000, Using eggmass counts to monitor wood frog populations: Wildlife Society Bulletin, v. 28, p. 895-901.

Crouch, W.B., III, and Paton, P.W.C., 2002, Assessing the use of call surveys to monitor breeding anurans in Rhode Island: Journal of Herpetology, v. 36, p. 185-192.

Daszak, P., Berger, L., Cunningham, A.A., Hyatt, A.D., Green, D.E., and Speare, R., 1999, Emerging infectious diseases and amphibian population declines: Emerging Infectious Diseases, v. 5, no. 6, p. 735-748.

Davis, T., 1997, Non-distruptive monitoring of terrestrial salamanders with artificial cover objects on southern Vancouver Island, British Columbia, in Green, D.M., ed., Amphibians in Decline_Canadian studies of a global problem: Herpetological Conservation No. 1, p. 161-174.

Dodd, C.K., Jr., 1997, Imperiled amphibians: A historical perspective, in Benz, G.W., and Collins, D.E., eds., Aquatic fauna in peril: The Southeastern Perspective: Decatur, Ga., Southeast Aquatic Research Institute, Lenz Design and Communications, Special Publication No. 1, p. 165-200.

Dodd, C.K., Jr., 2004, The amphibians of Great Smoky Mountains National Park: Knoxville, University of Tennessee Press.

Dodd, C.K., Jr., Griffey, M.L., and Corser, J.D., 2001, The cave associated amphibians of Great Smoky Mountains National Park: Review and monitoring: Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society, v. 117, p. 139-149.

Fellers, G.M., and Freel, K.L., 1995, A standardized protocol for surveying aquatic amphibians: National Park Service Technical Report NPS/WRUC/NRTR-95-01, 117 p.

Gent, T., and Gibson, S., eds., Herpetofauna workers manual: Peterborough, England, Joint Nature Conservation Committee, 152 p.

Gutleb, A.G., Bronkhorst, M., van den Berg, J.H.J., and Murk, A.J., 2001, Latex laboratory-gloves_An unexpected pitfall in amphibian toxicology assays with tadpoles: Environmental Toxicology & Pharmacology, v. 10, p. 119-121.

Heyer, W.R., Donnelly, M.A., McDiarmid, R.W., Hayek, L.-A.C., and Foster, M.S., eds., 1994, Measuring and monitoring biological diversity_Standard methods for amphibians: Washington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution Press, 364 p.

Houk, R., 1993, Great Smoky Mountains National Park_A Natural History Guide: New York, Houghton Mifflin Co.,

Houlahan, J.E., Findlay, C.S., Schmidt, B.R., Meyer, A.H., and Kuzmin, S.L., 2000, Quantitative evidence for global amphibian population declines: Nature, v. 404, p. 752-755.

Houze, C.M., Jr., and Chandler, C.R., 2002, Evaluation of coverboards for sampling terrestrial salamanders in Georgia: Journal of Herpetology, v. 36, p. 75-81.

Hyde, E.J., and Simons, T.R., 2001, Sampling plethodontid salamanders_Sources of variability: Journal of Wildlife Management, v. 65, p. 624-632.

Johnson, P.T.J., Lunde, K.B., Thurman, E.M., Ritchie, E.G., Wray, S.N., Sutherland, D.R., Kapfer, J.M., Frest, T.J., Bowerman, J., and Blaustein, A.R., 2002, Parasite (Ribeiroia ondatrae) infection linked to amphibian malformations in the western United States: Ecological Monographs, v. 72, p. 151-168.

Jung, R.E., Droege, S., Sauer, J.R., and Landry, R.B., 2000, Evaluation of terrestrial and streamside salamander monitoring techniques at Shenandoah National Park: Environmental Monitoring & Assessment, v. 63, p. 65-79.

Karns, D.R., 1986, Field herpetology_Methods for the study of amphibians and reptiles in Minnesota: James Ford Bell Museum of Natural History, Occasional Paper 18, 86 p.

Lepage, M., Courtois, R., Daigle, C., and Matte, S., 1997, Surveying calling anurans in Quebec using volunteers, in Green, D.M., ed., Amphibians in decline_Canadian studies of a global problem: Herpetological Conservation No. 1, p. 128-140.

Lipps, K.R., Reaser, J.K., Young, B.E., and Ibez, R., 2001, Amphibian monitoring in Latin America_A protocol manual: Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Herpetological Circular No. 30, 115 p.

MacKenzie, D.I., Nichols, J.D., Lachman, G.B., Droege, S., Royle, J.A., Langtimm, C.A., 2002, Estimating site occupancy rates when detection probabilities are less than one: Ecology, v. 83, p. 2248-2253.

McAlpine, D.F., 1997, A simple transect technique for estimating abundances of aquatic Ranid frogs, in Green, D.M., ed., Amphibians in decline_Canadian studies of a global problem: Herpetological Conservation No. 1, p. 180-184.

McCoy, K.A., and Harris, R.N., 2003, Integrating developmental stability analysis and current amphibian monitoring techniques: An experimental evaluation with the salamander Ambystoma maculatum: Herpetologica, v. 39, p. 22-36.

Meteyer, C.U., 2000, Field guide to malformations of frogs and toads, with radiographic interpretations: U.S. Geological Survey Biological Science Report 2000-0005.

Mitchell, J.C., 1998a, Amphibian decline in the mid-Atlantic region_Monitoring and management of a sensitive resource: U.S. Department of Defense Legacy Resource Management Program, 144 p.

Mitchell, J.C., 1998b, Guide to inventory and monitoring of amphibians on Fort A.P. Hill, Fort Belvoir, Marine Corps Base Quantico, and Prince William Forest Park, Virginia: U.S. Department of Defense Legacy Resource Management Program, Supplement 1, 66 p.

Mitchell, J.C., 1998c, Guide to inventory and monitoring of streamside salamanders in Shenandoah National Park, Virginia: U.S. Department of Defense Legacy Resource Management Program, Supplement 2, 29 p.

Mitchell, J.C., 2000, Amphibian monitoring methods and field guide: Front Royal, Va., Smithsonian Conservation Research Center, 56 p.

Monti, L., Hunter, M., and Witham, J., 2001, An evaluation of the artificial cover object (ACO) method for monitoring populations of the redback salamander Plethodon cinereus: Journal of Herpetology, v. 34, p. 624-629.

Morrell, V., 1999, Are pathogens felling frogs?: Science, v. 284, p. 728-731.

Nichols, J.D., 1992, Capture-recapture models: BioScience, v. 42, p. 94-102.

Nichols, J.D., and Conroy, M.J., 1996, Estimation of species richness, in Wilson, D.E., Cole, F.R., Nichols, J.D., Rudran, R., and Foster, M.S., eds., Measuring and monitoring biodiversity: Standard methods for mammals: Washington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution Press, p. 226-234.

Nichols, J.D., Boulinier, T., Hines, J.E., Pollock, K.H., and Sauer, J.R., 1998a, Estimating rates of local species extinction, colonization, and turnover in animal communities: Ecological Applications, v. 8, p. 1213-1225.

Nichols, J.D., Boulinier, T., Hines, J.E., Pollock, K.H., and Sauer, J.R., 1998b, Inference methods for spatial variation in species richness and community composition when not all species are detected: Conservation Biology, v. 12, p. 1390-1398.

Nickerson, M.A., Krysko, K.L., and Owen, R.D., 2002, Ecological status of the Hellbender (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis) and the Mudpuppy (Necturus maculosus) salamanders in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park: Journal of the North Carolina Academy of Science, v. 118, p. 27-34.

Olson, D., Leonard, W.P., and Bury, R.B., eds., 1997, Sampling amphibians in lentic habitats. Northwest Fauna No. 4, 134 p.

Pearman, P.B., Velasco, A.M., and Lpez, A., 1995, Tropical amphibian monitoring_A comparison of methods for detecting intra-site variation in species’ composition: Herpetologica, v. 51, p. 325-337.

Peterson, C.R. and Dorcas, M.E., 1992, The use of automated data-acquisition techniques in monitoring amphibian and reptile populations, in McCullough, D.R., and Barrett, V., eds., Wildlife 2001: Populations: London, Elsevier Applied Science, p. 369-378.

Peterson, C.R., and Dorcas, M.E., 1994, Automated data acquisition, in Heyer, W. R., Donnelly, M.A., McDiarmid, R.W., Hayek, L.C., and Foster, M.S., eds., Measuring and monitoring biological diversity: Standard methods for amphibians: Washington, DC, Smithsonian Institution Press, p. 47-57.

Peterson, D.L., Silsbee, D.G., and Schmoldt, D.L., 1995, A planning approach for developing inventory and monitoring programs in National Parks: Denver, National Park Service Natural Resources Publications Office, Natural Resources Report NPS/NRUW/NRR-95/16.

Pollock, K.H., Nichols, J.D., Brownie, C., and Hines, J.E., 1990, Statistical inference for capture-recapture experiments: Wildlife Monographs No. 107, 94 p.

Sargent, L.G., 2000, Frog and toad population monitoring in Michigan: Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science, v. 107, p. 195-199.

Silsbee, D.G., and Peterson, D.L., 1991, Designing and implementing comprehensive long-term inventory and monitoring programs for National Park system lands: Denver, National Park Service Natural Resources Publications Office, Natural Resources Report NPS/NRUW/NRR-91/04.

Smit, G., Zuiderwijk, A., and Groenveld, A., 1998, A national amphibian monitoring program in the Netherlands: Le Bourget du Lac, France, Societas Europaea Herpetologica, p. 397-402.

Taylor, A., Watson, G., Grigg, G., and McCallum, H., 1996, Monitoring frog communities_An application of machine learning: Proceedings of the 8th Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference, Portland, Oregon: AAAI/IAAI 2, p. 1564-1569.

Thompson, W.L., White, G.C., and Gowan, C., 1998, Monitoring vertebrate populations: San Diego, Academic Press.

Vogt, R.C., and Hine, R.L., 1982, Evaluation of techniques for assessment of amphibian and reptile populations in Wisconsin, in Scott, N.J., Jr., ed., Herpetological communities: Washington, D.C., U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wildlife Research Report 13, p. 201-217.

Waldron, J.L., Dodd, C.K., Jr., and Corser, J.D., 2003, Leaf litterbags_Factors affecting capture of stream-dwelling salamanders: Applied Herpetology, v. 1, p. 23-36.

Wilson, C.R., and Pearman, P.B., 2000, Sampling characteristics of aquatic funnel traps for monitoring populations of adult rough-skinned newts (Taricha granulosa) in lentic habitats: Northwestern Naturalist, v. 81, p. 31-34.

Wilson, J.J., and Maret, T.J., 2002, A comparison of two methods for estimating the abundance of amphibians in aquatic habitats: Herpetological Review, v. 33, p. 108-110.

Appendix I

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U.S. Department of the Interior
U.S. Geological Survey

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