Home Archived December 11, 2018

The USGS Land Cover Institute (LCI)

  Maine Land Cover
Capital Augusta
Largest City Portland
Area Ranked 39th
Total 30,861.55 sq mi
Population Ranked 40th
Total (2000) 1,274,923
Density 41.3/sq mi
Highest point Mount Katahdin 5,268 ft (1,606 m)
Lowest point Atlantic Ocean 0 ft (0 m)
Maine Land Cover

The Northeastern Highlands continue into Maine from New Hampshire, ending at the State’s highest point, Mount Katahdin at 5,268 feet. Along the borders of New Hampshire and Canada, the terrain is rugged, with many glacial lakes and crests. The landscape to the south and east of the Northeastern Highlands is less rugged and consists of rolling hills. Mixed forests of deciduous and evergreen trees are the predominant land cover in the State. Maine’s coastline varies from sandy beaches around Portland, while further north and east rocky shores predominate. Woody wetlands are the dominant land cover on the coastline. The State is dotted with over 2,500 lakes, the largest being Moosehead Lake, which covers 120 square miles of land. Maine’s rocky and infertile landscapes have traditionally made agriculture difficult in much of the State. However, in northern Maine, potato cultivation is successful. Cattle production and commercial fishing are also practiced extensively in the State.