Home Archived December 11, 2018

The USGS Land Cover Institute (LCI)

  Maryland Land Cover
Capital Annapolis
Largest City Baltimore
Area Ranked 42nd
Total 9,773.82 sq mi
Population Ranked 19th
Total (2000) 5,296,486
Density 541.9/sq mi
Highest point Hoye Crest 3,360 ft (1,024 m)
Lowest point Atlantic Ocean 0 ft (0 m)
Maryland Land Cover

Maryland encompasses five land regions: the Atlantic Coastal Plain, the Piedmont, the Blue Ridge Region, the Appalachian Ridge and Valley, and the Appalachian Plateau. Maryland is divided by the Chesapeake Bay into two sections: the West Shore is located on the western side of the Bay and the Delmarva Peninsula is located on the eastern side of the Bay. Both sections are included in the Atlantic Coastal Plain region which is characterized by its woody wetlands, urban development, and crop cultivation. Tobacco is the region's principal agricultural commodity. The Piedmont region is located to the west and is characterized by its rolling hills and fertile valleys that are used for agricultural purposes, notably, dairy production. The Blue Ridge Region is west of the Piedmont and is characterized by heavy evergreen forest cover and narrow mountains. The Appalachian Ridge and Valley, west of the Blue Ridge Region, has substantial forest cover and agriculture is practiced in the regions open valleys. The Appalachian Plateau, in the western most part of the State, is where the densest forests are found.