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The USGS Land Cover Institute (LCI)


  Massachusetts Land Cover
Capital Boston
Largest City Boston
Area Ranked 44th
Total 7,840.02 sq mi
Population Ranked 13th
Total (2000) 6,349,097
Density 809.8/sq mi
Elevation
Highest point Mount Greylock 3,491 ft (1,064 m)
Lowest point Atlantic Ocean 0 ft (0 m)
Massachusetts Land Cover

Glaciers formed the rough outline of Massachusetts’s eastern shoreline. Interspersed throughout its coast are a number of large bays, which gave Massachusetts its nickname, “the Bay State.” Eastern Massachusetts includes the Cape Cod peninsula and the islands lying off it to the south—the Elizabeth Islands, Martha's Vineyard, and Nantucket. The eastern shoreline, the Cape Cod peninsula, and the surrounding islands’ economies are based on tourism and seasonal homes, where businesses depend on summer visitors for economic success. Central Massachusetts, away from the Connecticut River valley, and Western Massachusetts are less densely populated than the eastern half of the State. The Berkshire Hills, a branch of the Appalachian Mountains, are the least populated but boast a strong tourism industry. In general, western Massachusetts is characterized by forested hills, valleys, ponds, and streams. Although known for its highly urbanized coast line, forests are the most common Massachusetts land cover type.