Home Archived December 11, 2018

The USGS Land Cover Institute (LCI)

  Minnesota Land Cover
Capital Saint Paul
Largest City Minneapolis
Area Ranked 12th
Total 79,610.08 sq mi
Population Ranked 21st
Total (2000) 4,919,479
Density 61.80/sq mi
Highest point Eagle Mountain 2,301 ft (701 m)
Lowest point Lake Superior 602 ft (183 m)
Minnesota Land Cover

Minnesota has very little in the form of landscape relief due in part to the glacial processes that operated in the Wisconsin Glaciation period, which eroded and shaped the present landforms. Exceptions to this can be found in the southeastern and northeastern parts of Minnesota. Southeastern Minnesota lies within the Driftless Zone and its unchanged landscape is characterized by its rugged high bluffs along the Mississippi River. Northeastern Minnesota has numerous hills, most notably the Mesabi Range. There are over 11,000 lakes, of more than 10 acres, within Minnesota. The majority of the State's wetlands are located in the northern region, with approximately half of the natural wetlands being drained over the past 150 years in favor of agricultural production. Lake Itasca is the source of the Mississippi River, the second largest named river in North America, with a length of 2,320 miles.