Home Archived December 11, 2018

The USGS Land Cover Institute (LCI)

  Nebraska Land Cover
Capital Lincoln
Largest City Omaha
Area Ranked 16th
Total 76,872.41 sq mi
Population Ranked 38th
Total (2000) 1,711,263
Density 22.3/sq mi
Highest point Panorama Point 5,424 ft (1,653 m)
Lowest point Missouri River 840 ft (256 m)
Nebraska Land Cover

Nebraska is characterized by two physiographic regions, the Dissected Till Plains and the Great Plains. The Dissected Till Plains are located in eastern Nebraska and were formed by glacial retreat that occurred in the last glacial epoch. It is the most heavily populated region in the State and is distinguished by undulating hills and lakes. In contrast, the unglaciated Great Plains dominate central and western Nebraska. This region is where Nebraska's dominant land cover type, grasslands, are most prevalent. The Great Plains are unique in that within this region there are many other small regions of landscapes. The Sandhills, the Pine Ridge, and the Wildcat Hills for example, are all located within the Great Plains and offer some of the State's most scenic landscapes. Nebraska's elevation gradually rises from the east to the west onto the Great Plains and serves as a transition between the Central Lowlands and the Rocky Mountains.