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The USGS Land Cover Institute (LCI)


  Nevada Land Cover
Capital Carson City
Largest City Las Vegas
Area Ranked 7th
Total 110,825.99 sq mi
Population Ranked 35th
Total (2000) 1,988,257
Density 18.21/sq mi
Elevation
Highest point Boundary Peak 13,140 ft (4,005 m)
Lowest point Colorado River 479 ft (146 m)
Nevada Land Cover

Nevada is located in the Basin and Range region and is characterized by linear north/south- trending mountains and valleys, and internal water drainage. The distinct "worm track" topography varies in elevation, with some peaks reaching more than 12,000 feet above sea level, creating unique biological sky islands. Nevada's highest point is Boundary Peak (13,140 ft) and is located along its western border with California. Nevada is the driest State in the nation because of its location within the rain shadow of the Sierra Nevada Mountains, and is associated with cold winters and hot summers. As a result of the arid and semi-arid climate, shrub land dominates Nevada's landscape, with sagebrush and creosote bush being the most common vegetation types. Some of this land is used for grazing and other shrub land regions are used for military training and testing by the Federal government. The varied geology of the State also supports mining activity. Developed land is limited and found mainly in the Las Vegas and Reno areas.