Home Archived December 11, 2018

The USGS Land Cover Institute (LCI)

  New Jersey Land Cover
Capital Trenton
Largest City Newark
Area Ranked 47th
Total 7,417.34 sq mi
Population Ranked 9th
Total (2000) 8,414,350
Density 1,134.5/sq mi
Highest point High Point 1,803 ft (550 m)
Lowest point Atlantic Ocean 0 ft (0 m)
New Jersey Land Cover

New Jersey is comprised of four main regions: the Atlantic Coastal Plain, the Piedmont, the New England Upland, and the Appalachian Ridge and Valley Region. The Atlantic Coastal Plain is the largest land region, covering much of southern New Jersey. The area, commonly called the Pine Barrens, is characterized by its woody wetlands, mixed forests, croplands, and urban development along the Atlantic Coast. A majority of crop cultivation is done in the south and southwest portion of the Atlantic Coastal Plain, especially along the Delaware River. To the northeast, the Piedmont region is characterized by heavy urban and industrial development. Newark, New Jersey's largest city, is located within the Piedmont. The New England Upland is located west of the Piedmont. Forest cover is dense in the region known for its scenic ridges. The Appalachian Ridge and Valley Region is located in the northwestern corner of the State. The Kittatinny Mountains are found along New Jersey’s western border. In the eastern and southeastern part of the Ridge and Valley, dairy farming and apple orchards dot the landscape.