Home Archived December 11, 2018

The USGS Land Cover Institute (LCI)

  New York Land Cover
Capital Albany
Largest City New York City
Area Ranked 27th
Total 47,213.79 sq mi
Population Ranked 3rd
Total (2000) 18,976,457
Density 401.9/sq mi
Highest point Mount Marcy 5,344 ft (1,629 m)
Lowest point Atlantic Ocean 0 ft (0 m)
New York Land Cover

Although best known for its highly urbanized coast line, forests are the most common New York land cover type. Sugar maple, white ash, beech, and oak are some of the State's most prominent trees. A large proportion of the forests are located in the northern Adirondack Mountains, in particular, Adirondack State Park. In addition, concentrations of forest cover are located throughout the southern Catskills Mountains and the Appalachian Uplands. New York borders two Great Lakes (Erie and Ontario) along with Lake Champlain in the northeast, the St. Lawrence River in the northwest, and the Atlantic Ocean in the southeast. The Hudson River is the primary river system in the State that includes its main tributary the Mohawk River. The Finger Lakes in the west, a group of 11 glacially formed lakes, are among the State's primary inland bodies of water. These lakes provide drinking water for several local cities and the area is the center of the State's wine industry. Urban development in New York City, Rochester, and Buffalo is significant.