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The USGS Land Cover Institute (LCI)


  North Carolina Land Cover
Capital Raleigh
Largest City Charlotte
Area Ranked 28th
Total 48,710.88 sq mi
Population Ranked 11th
Total (2000) 8,049,313
Density 165.2/sq mi
Elevation
Highest point Mt. Mitchell 6,684 ft (2,037 m)
Lowest point Atlantic Ocean 0 ft (0 m)
North Carolina Land Cover

North Carolina can be characterized by three regions: 1) Atlantic Coastal Plain, 2) Piedmont Region, and 3) Appalachian Mountains. The Atlantic Coastal Plain commences along the State's eastern seaboard with its Barrier Islands. The Islands include the two largest landlocked sounds in the United States, Albemarle Sound and Pamlico Sound. The coastal plain is further distinguished by its flat and fertile land. The central part of the State is dominated by the Piedmont region. This hilly region is North Carolina's most urbanized and the location of many of its largest cities. The Appalachian Mountains and their sub ranges are prevalent throughout North Carolina's western border with Tennessee. Some of the most notable ranges are the Great Smoky Mountains, Blue Ridge Mountains, and the Black Mountains. Major rivers in the State include the Neuse, Roanoke, and Yadkin Rivers. Most of the wetlands are situated along the coastal plain adjacent to the Atlantic Ocean coast with much of the water located west of the State's Barrier Islands.