Home Archived December 11, 2018

The USGS Land Cover Institute (LCI)

  North Dakota Land Cover
Capital Bismarck
Largest City Fargo
Area Ranked 19th
Total 68,975.93 sq mi
Population Ranked 47th
Total (2000) 642,200
Density 9.3/sq mi
Highest point White Butte 3,506 ft (1,069 m)
Lowest point Red River of the North 750 ft (229 m)
North Dakota Land Cover

North Dakotaís landscape is defined by three different regions: the Red River Valley, the Missouri Plateau, and the Great Plains. The fertile Red River Valley makes up a majority of eastern North Dakota. The former lake bed of the ancient glacial Lake Agassiz is host to some of the most agriculturally productive lands in the State. The Great Plains take up half of the State and are abundant with natural resources. The Plains topography ranges from hills in the southwestern part of the State to lowlands bordering the Missouri River. The predominant land cover of the unglaciated southwest is still natural grasses with small grains, such as wheat, commonly grown on more productive soils. The Missouri River flows through the western part of the state forming Lake Sakakawea, the nationís third largest reservoir, behind the Garrison Dam. Because of its low population, urban development is limited within the State.