Home Archived December 11, 2018

The USGS Land Cover Institute (LCI)

  Ohio Land Cover
Capital Columbus
Largest City Columbus
Area Ranked 34th
Total 40,948.38 sq mi
Population Ranked 7th
Total (2000) 11,353,140
Density 277.3/sq mi
Highest point Campbell Hill 1,550 ft (472 m)
Lowest point Ohio River 455 ft (139 m)
Ohio Land Cover

Ohio’s landscape can be defined by three geographic regions: 1) Glacial Plains of the central and northwest,2) Glaciated Allegheny Plateau, and 3) Unglaciated Allegheny Plateau. The glacial plains are low lying lands that were shaped during the last glacial retreat and are home to much of Ohio’s farming industries. The Glaciated Allegheny Plateau, noted for its gently undulating hills, is a transitional region between the glaciated and unglaciated landscapes. South and east of the glaciated Allegheny Plateau, is the Unglaciated Allegheny Plateau. This region features rugged hills, cliffs, and waterfalls. Rivers and lakes provide many recreational and economic opportunities in Ohio. Its northern border, Lake Erie, provides several ports for shipping and transportation and is home to a small commercial fishing industry. Drainage in the north is characterized by rivers flowing into Lake Erie and eventually into the Atlantic Ocean. In contrast, rivers in the south, most notably the Ohio River, drain into the Gulf of Mexico.