Home Archived December 11, 2018

The USGS Land Cover Institute (LCI)

  Oklahoma Land Cover
Capital Oklahoma City
Largest City Oklahoma City
Area Ranked 20th
Total 68,667.06 sq mi
Population Ranked 27th
Total (2000) 3,450,654
Density 50.3/sq mi
Highest point Black Mesa Mountain 4,973 ft (1,516 m)
Lowest point Little River 289 ft (88 m)
Oklahoma Land Cover

Oklahoma has one of the most diverse terrains in the United States, from prairie grasslands in the west to forested mountains in the east. Western Oklahoma's landscape is composed of semi-arid plains, mesas, and the Wichita Mountains in the southwest. Central Oklahoma includes prairie grasses and some oak forests, with the Arbuckle Mountains along the south-central border with Texas. Eastern Oklahoma contains the most varied landscape in the state with natural forests, lakes, and the Ouachita Mountains dominating its landscape. Elevations decline from the State's highest point; Black Mesa (4,973 ft), in the western panhandle to the State's lowest of 289 feet on the Little River in the southeast corner of the state. Despite most of the State's rivers being short and intermittent throughout the year, Oklahoma is home to several large rivers, with the Arkansas and Red River being the most notable. The majority of the state's water cover comes from its record 200-plus man-made lakes that are found in the eastern half of the State.