Home Archived December 11, 2018

The USGS Land Cover Institute (LCI)

  Oregon Land Cover
Capital Salem
Largest City Portland
Area Ranked 9th
Total 95,996.79 sq mi
Population Ranked 28th
Total (2000) 3,421,399
Density 35.6/sq mi
Highest point Mount Hood 11,239 ft (3,425 m)
Lowest point Pacific Ocean 0 ft (0 m)
Oregon Land Cover

Oregon is composed of six land regions: the Coast Range, Willamette Lowland, Cascade Mountains, Klamath Mountains, Columbia Plateau, and the Basin and Range Region. The Coast Range is located along Oregonís Pacific Ocean coastline and is an area characterized by low lying mountains that are covered with evergreen forests. These evergreen forests are the resource base for a substantial wood-based industry. East of the Coast Range is a valley known as the Willamette Lowlands that is noted for its agricultural production and concentrated urban development. The Cascade Mountains are located east of the Willamette Lowlands and are home to some of the Stateís highest elevations. These dense evergreen forests provide a substantial wood-based industry, enabling Oregon to be the second largest wood producer in the United States. The Klamath Mountains are found in the southwestern corner of Oregon. These are also densely forested and are utilized by the lumber industry. The Columbia Plateau is a large region that covers the northeastern quarter of the State. Cultivated crops, shrubs, and forest are the predominant land cover types. In contrast, the Basin and Range region, located in the southeast, is almost entirely composed of shrub land cover, owing to its semi-arid climate.