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The USGS Land Cover Institute (LCI)


  Rhode Island Land Cover
Capital Providence
Largest City Providence
Area Ranked 50th
Total 1,044.93 sq mi
Population Ranked 43rd
Total (2000) 1,048,319
Density 1,003.2/sq mi
Elevation
Highest point Jerimoth Hill 812 ft (247 m)
Lowest point Atlantic Ocean 0 ft (0 m)
Rhode Island Land Cover

Rhode Island has a predominately flat topography with a number of rolling hills created from past glaciations. Rhode Island's highest point is Jerimoth Hill (812 ft) and its lowest points are sea level along the Atlantic Coast. Rhode Island has two distinct physiographic regions; the eastern part of the state is characterized by the lowlands of Narragansett Bay, while western Rhode Island forms part of the hilly New England Upland. Narragansett Bay is the significant water feature in Rhode Island; it is home to over 30 smaller islands, many of them populated. The largest island community is Newport. The Atlantic Coast is composed of sand pits, barrier beaches, and salt marshes. Along the coast and Narragansett Bay, a commercial fishing industry harvests finfish such as flounder and porgy. Forests dominate the land area with deciduous and evergreen trees. Oak, hickory, and maple trees are the most common species type. This abundance provides the State with a stable forest industry that produces wood pallets, lumber, and fuel wood.