Home Archived December 11, 2018

The USGS Land Cover Institute (LCI)

  South Carolina Land Cover
Capital Columbia
Largest City Columbia
Area Ranked 40th
Total 30,109.47 sq mi
Population Ranked 24th
Total (2000) 4,012,012
Density 133.2/sq mi
Highest point Sassafras Mountain 3,560 ft (1,085 m)
Lowest point Atlantic Ocean 0 ft (0 m)
South Carolina Land Cover

South Carolina is composed of three major physiographic regions of the eastern United States: the Atlantic Coastal Plain, the Piedmont Plateau, and the Blue Ridge Mountains. The Coastal Plain occupies about two-thirds of the State and rises gently to 500 feet from the Atlantic Ocean up to the Piedmont Plateau. Woody wetlands are the dominant land cover type in the Coastal Plain. The Piedmont is an upland area that rises gradually from 400 feet to 1,200 feet along the northwestern edge. The Piedmont is utilized for agriculture because of its expansive pastures and grasslands. The Blue Ridge Mountains, in the northwestern corner of South Carolina, meet the Piedmont. It is a mountainous region forested by evergreen trees. The elevation in the State generally decreases from west to east. All of the major rivers in South Carolina flow generally southeastward across the State to the Atlantic Ocean. South Carolina's coastline extends 187 miles. However, if all bays, inlets, and islands are considered the coastline measures 2,876 miles, which is the 11th longest among the 50 States.