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The USGS Land Cover Institute (LCI)


  Texas Land Cover
Capital Austin
Largest City Houston
Area Ranked 2nd
Total 261,797.12 sq mi
Population Ranked 2nd
Total (2000) 20,851,820
Density 79.6/sq mi
Elevation
Highest point Guadalupe Peak 8,749 ft (2,667 m)
Lowest point Gulf of Mexico 0 ft (0 m)
Texas Land Cover

Texas is composed of four geographic regions: the Coastal Plain, Central Lowlands, the Great Plains, and the Basin and Range. The Texas coastline extends 324 miles along the Gulf of Mexico. The flat Gulf Coastal Plain is heavily forested and makes up one-third of eastern and southern Texas as it rises slowly from the coast to rolling inland hills. The Central Lowlands occupies much of the north-central part of the State. The Great Plains, characterized by its dominant shrub and grasslands cover, occupies much of northern and central Texas. Agriculture plays an important role in the region, with cattle production being the State's most profitable agricultural commodity. The Basin and Range Region is located in the western part of the State and includes the wooded mountains of the Mexican Highland. Forest cover in the State is primarily composed of oak, ash, cedar, and pecan tree species. Texas has the 2nd largest population in the nation and as a result, urban development can be found throughout the entire State.