Home Archived December 11, 2018

The USGS Land Cover Institute (LCI)

  Utah Land Cover
Capital Salt Lake City
Largest City Salt Lake City
Area Ranked 13th
Total 82,143.65 sq mi
Population Ranked 34th
Total (2000) 2,233,169
Density 27.2/sq mi
Highest point Kings Peak 13,528 ft (4,123 m)
Lowest point Beaver Dam Wash 2,000 ft (610 m)
Utah Land Cover

Utah is divided by three major regions - the Basin and Range, Middle Rocky Mountains, and the Colorado Plateau. The Middle Rocky Mountains in the northeast includes the Wasatch and Uinta mountain ranges. The highest point in Utah, Kings Peak at 13,526 ft, is found in the Uinta Mountains. The Basin and Range region covers the western third and is composed of salt flats, shrub land, and desert. The Colorado Plateau contains an extensive variety of plateaus and canyons, composed primarily of sandstones and shales with sporadic shrub and tree cover. Utah has extensive forests, especially in the middle and higher elevations with pinyon-juniper, aspen, and douglas-fir being the most common tree species. The Green River, along with other rivers in southeastern Utah, flows into the Colorado River system and into the Gulf of California. In the northwest, rivers and streams flow into the Columbia River system and into the Pacific Ocean. The remainder of Utah's drainage system is left without outlets to any oceans. This unique situation has created the Great Salt Lake, the largest lake west of the Mississippi River.