Home Archived December 11, 2018

The USGS Land Cover Institute (LCI)

  Vermont Land Cover
Capital Montpelier
Largest City Burlington
Area Ranked 45th
Total 9,249.56 sq mi
Population Ranked 49th
Total (2000) 608,827
Density 65.8/sq mi
Highest point Mount Mansfield 4,393 ft (1,339 m)
Lowest point Lake Champlain 95 ft (29 m)
Vermont Land Cover

Vermont is composed of six geographical land regions: the Northeast Highlands, the Western New England Upland, the Green Mountains, the Vermont Valley, the Taconic Mountains, and the Champlain Valley. The Northeast Highlands are located in the northeastern corner of Vermont and are characterized by dense mixed forest cover. The Western New England Upland covers much of eastern Vermont and is characterized by its heavy mixed forest cover, interspersed with hay/pasture and cultivated crop land. The Green Mountains, located in central Vermont, are home to the State’s highest elevations. The area’s geology includes such minerals as marble, granite, and slate. Dense forest cover is the predominant land cover type here. The Vermont Valley, located from the southwestern corner to central region of the State, is known for its numerous rivers with interspersed hay/pasture cover. The Taconic Mountains, located on the southwestern border, are similar in land cover to the Green Mountains. The Champlain Valley, in the northeastern corner of Vermont, is a fertile region known for its substantial agriculture industry that boasts dairy production, corn, hay, oats, and wheat production.