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The USGS Land Cover Institute (LCI)


  Virginia Land Cover
Capital Richmond
Largest City Virginia Beach
Area Ranked 35th
Total 39,594.07 sq mi
Population Ranked 12th
Total (2000) 7,078,515
Density 178.8/sq mi
Elevation
Highest point Mount Rogers 5,729 ft (1,746 m)
Lowest point Atlantic Ocean 0 ft (0 m)
Virginia Land Cover

Virginia is divided into several distinct geographic regions. The coastal plain of Virginia is known as the Tidewater Region. This region ends at the “fall line” that serves as boundary between the coastal plain and the Piedmont, the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains. Many towns were founded along the fall line to take advantage of the energy produced by waterfalls. Mountains and valleys associated with the Appalachian Mountain system are located west of the Piedmont. Forests are the most prevalent land cover in Virginia and are important contributors to the State’s economy. The most forested areas are located in the Blue Ridge and the Appalachian Mountains. The most common tree genera are oaks, pine, maples, and hickories. The Potomac River serves as the boundary with Maryland and Washington D.C. The Chesapeake Bay is rich in marine life with the fishing sector harvesting shellfish, finfish, blue crabs, oysters, and clams. Urban development is substantial and growing in northern Virginia from the Washington, D.C. to Virginia Beach metropolitan areas.