Home Archived December 11, 2018

The USGS Land Cover Institute (LCI)

  Wisconsin Land Cover
Capital Madison
Largest City Milwaukee
Area Ranked 23rd
Total 54,310.10 sq mi
Population Ranked 18th
Total (2000) 5,363,675
Density 98.8/sq mi
Highest point Timms Hill 1,951 ft (595 m)
Lowest point Lake Michigan 579 ft (176 m)
Wisconsin Land Cover

The north and northwestern part of the State is characterized by two distinct regions, the Lake Superior Lowlands and the Northern Highland. The Lowlands are dominated by forest cover, with interspersed cropland, plains, and wetlands. The Northern Highland is characterized by a flat but sometimes hilly topography that is heavily forested, with white pines, conifers, and northern hardwood trees. The Highland is also home to the State's highest point, Timms Point (1,951 ft) and many of its glacial lakes. The Central Plains region dominates central Wisconsin with fertile soils that are utilized for agriculture. In contrast, southeastern Wisconsin is highly urbanized and is the center of the State's manufacturing industries. Western and southwestern Wisconsin is less populated and is distinguished by its mixed forests and farmlands. Wisconsin has over 8,500 lakes and a number of large rivers and streams due to its glacial past and proximity to the Great Lakes.