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Synthesis On The Impact of 20th Century Water-Management And Land-Use Practices On The Coastal Hydrology Of Southeastern Florida

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Abstract | Saltwater Intrusion | Land Use and Land Use Cover | Surface Water Conveyance System | Municipal Water Use | Agricultural Water Use | Ground-Water Flow System | Canal Stage and Discharge | Impact on Ecosystem

Temporal Changes In Land Use And Land Use Cover

Note: The information in this legend relates to the four maps below
Land Use Classifications
Reclassed to Anderson Coding Scheme

gray colored box indicating unclassified Unclassified
yellow colored box indicating urban and built-up Urban and Built-Up
orange colored box indicating commercial and services Commercial and Services
purple colored box indicating urban and built-up, industrial Urban and Built-Up - Industrial
lavender colored box indicating urban and built-up, extractive Urban and Built-Up - Extractive
brown colored box indicating agriculture Agriculture
lime green colored box indicating rangeland Rangeland
dark green colored box indicating upland forests Upland Forests
blue colored box indicating water Water
aqua colored box indicating wetlands Wetlands
beige colored box indicating barren land Barren Land
red colored box indicating transportation and utilities Transportation and Utilities

Sources of data: 1900 and 1953 - Dr. Robert Costanza
1972 - USGS 1:250,000 - scale LULC
1988 and 1995 South Florida Water Management District
Note: All Land Use Covers were reclassified to the Anderson Code Level I and II. Some differences between images are attributed to differences in data collection and classification methods.

1900 South Florida land use map
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1953 South Florida land use map
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1900 - Land use maps show a pristine South Florida environment prior to drainage by canals. The Florida East Coast Railroad had been completed as far south as West Palm Beach. Miami, the largest "village" had a population of 1,681. Other villages were Fort Lauderdale (pop. 91), Coconut Grove (pop. 850), West Palm Beach (pop. 564). 1953 - Post-World War II era. Southeast Florida shows the early stages of large-scale urban development. The Everglades drainage project provided the opportunity for development of Everglades Agricultural Lands (EAA) south of Lake Okeechobee and along the eastern coastal ridge.

1972 South Florida land use map
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1995 South Florida land use map
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1972 - This land use map illustrates the development of a massive urban corridor extending from Jupiter to Homestead. Agricultural areas triple in size. Some urban communities abut the Everglades. The eastern urban ridge increases in size to by the reclamation of marginal wetland areas. 1995 - Near present-day Southeast Florida. As a result of physical constraints to urban sprawl (Atlantic Ocean and the Everglades), local governments must focus on urban redevelopment.

Next: Evolution of a Surface Water Conveyance System

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For more information contact:

Bob Renken
U.S. Geological Survey
9100 N.W. 36th Street Suite 107,
Miami, FL, 33178
Phone: (305) 717-5822
Fax: (305) 717-5801
EMAIL: rarenken@usgs.gov

Related information:

SOFIA Project: Synthesis on the impact of 20th Century water-management and land-use practices on the coastal hydrology of southeast Florida

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Last updated: 04 September, 2013 @ 02:07 PM (KP)