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A retrospective and critical review of aquifer and storage (ASR) sites and conceptual framework of the Upper Floridian aquifer in south Florida

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Ronald S. Reese
Publication_Date: 2002
Title:
A retrospective and critical review of aquifer and storage (ASR) sites and conceptual framework of the Upper Floridian aquifer in south Florida
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/index.php?project_url=review_asr>
Description:
Abstract:
The objectives of this study are to: (1) inventory and assess the strengths and weaknesses of available hydrogeologic, hydraulic, hydrochemical, well construction, and cycle test information at existing ASR sites, (2) conduct a critical review of the hydrogeology on a site-by-site basis and relate to existing regional hydrogeology frameworks, allowing for the delineation of hydrogeologic factors that may be important to recovery efficiency, (3) identify hydrogeologic, design, and management factors which locally or regionally constrain the efficient storage and recovery of fresh water within the Upper Floridan aquifer, and (4) conduct a comparative analysis of the performance of all ASR sites having adequate data.

This five-year study is divided into two phases, the first of which was two years long. The first phase laid the groundwork for data inventory, review, and analysis, and the second phase will allow for collection of additional data as it becomes available, expand the hydrogeologic framework, and perform a more complete comparative analysis of ASR sites. The study is in the second phase.

Purpose:
Aquifer storage and recovery (ASR) has been described as 'the storage of water in a suitable aquifer through a well during times when water is available, and recovery of the water from the same well during times when it is needed'. Water can be stored in aquifers with poor water quality. ASR in south Florida is proposed in the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP) as a cost-effective water-supply alternative that can help meet needs of agricultural, municipal, and recreational users while providing the water critical for Everglades ecosystem restoration. In CERP, plans have been made to utilize ASR in the Floridan aquifer system on an unprecedented scale.

Precedence for ASR in southern Florida has been set with wells having been constructed at over 30 sites, mostly by local municipalities or counties in coastal areas. The Upper Floridan aquifer, the aquifer used at most of these sites, is brackish to saline in south Florida, which can have a large impact on the recovery of the fresh or potable water recharged and stored. Few regional investigations of the Floridan aquifer system hydrogeology in south Florida have been conducted, and the focus of those studies was not on ASR. Lacking a regional ASR framework to aid the decision-making process, ASR well sites in south Florida have been primarily located based on factors such as land availability, source-water quality, and source-water proximity (preexisting surface-water bodies, surficial aquifer system well fields, or water treatment plants). Little effort has been made to link information collected from each site as part of a regional hydrogeologic analysis.

Results of this study should help the managers of the CERP program in locating, designing, constructing, and cycle testing ASR wells. These results should help establish a standard cycle testing protocol that can be used to measure the performance of individual CERP wells or clusters of wells.

Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19991001
Ending_Date: 20040930
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -82.55795
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -79.844074
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 27.586416
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 24.441918
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Theme_Keyword: ASR
Theme_Keyword: hydrology
Theme_Keyword: Aquifer Storage and Recovery
Theme_Keyword: geology
Theme_Keyword: mapping
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: environment
Theme_Keyword: inlandWaters
Theme_Keyword: geoscientificInformation
Theme_Keyword: 007
Theme_Keyword: 008
Theme_Keyword: 012
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1995, Countries, Dependencies, Areas of Special Sovereignty, and Their Principal Administrative Divisions, Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 10-4, Washington, D.C., National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: US
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
U.S. Department of Commerce, 1987, Codes for the identification of the States, the District of Columbia and the outlying areas of the United States, and associated areas (Federal Information Processing Standard 5-2): Washington, D. C., NIST
Place_Keyword: Florida
Place_Keyword: FL
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1990, Counties and Equivalent Entities of the United States, Its Possessions, and Associated Areas, FIPS 6-3, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: Broward County
Place_Keyword: Collier County
Place_Keyword: Charlotte County
Place_Keyword: Indian River County
Place_Keyword: Okeechobee County
Place_Keyword: Highlands County
Place_Keyword: Hardee County
Place_Keyword: Manatee County
Place_Keyword: Sarasota County
Place_Keyword: DeSoto County
Place_Keyword: St. Lucie County
Place_Keyword: Martin County
Place_Keyword: Glades County
Place_Keyword: Lee County
Place_Keyword: Hendry county
Place_Keyword: Palm Beach County
Place_Keyword: Miami-Dade County
Place_Keyword: Monroe County
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Place_Keyword: Central Everglades
Place_Keyword: Greater Lake Okeechobee
Place_Keyword: SW Big Cypress
Place_Keyword: South East Coast
Place_Keyword: Kissimmee River
Place_Keyword: Florida Keys
Stratum:
Stratum_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Stratum_Keyword: Upper Floridan aquifer
Access_Constraints: none
Use_Constraints:
None but acknowledgement of the U.S. Geological Surey in products derived from these data would be appreciated
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Ronald Reese
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 3110 SW 9th Avenue
City: Ft. Lauderdale
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33315
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 954 377-5921
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: rsreese@usgs.gov
Data_Set_Credit:
Project personnel include Michelle Edwards, Michael Zygnerski, Mike Deacon, and Kim Swidarsky.
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Reese, Ronald S.

Cunningham, Kevin J.

Publication_Date: 2000
Title: Hydrogeology of the Gray Limestone Aquifer in Southern Florida
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Water Resources Investigations Report
Issue_Identification: 99-4213
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Tallahassee, FL
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details:
Prepared in cooperation with the South Florida Water Management District
Online_Linkage: <http://fl.water.usgs.gov/Abstracts/wri99_4213_reese.html>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Ronald S. Reese

Steven J Memberg

Publication_Date: 2000
Title:
Hydrogeology and the Distribution of Salinity in the Floridan Aquifer System, Palm Beach County, Florida
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Water Resources Investigations Report
Issue_Identification: 99-4061
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Tallahassee, FL
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details:
Prepared in cooperation with the South Florida Water Management District

accessed as of 10/4/2010

Online_Linkage: <http://fl.water.usgs.gov/Abstracts/wri99_4061_reese.html>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Ronald S. Reese
Publication_Date: 2000
Title:
Hydrogeology and the Distribution of Salinity in the Floridan Aquifer System, Southwestern Florida
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Water Resources Investigations Report
Issue_Identification: 98-4253
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Tallahassee, FL
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details:
Prepared in cooperation with the South Florida Water Management District

accessed as of 10/4/2010

Online_Linkage: <http://fl.water.usgs.gov/Abstracts/wri98_4253_reese.html>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Ronald S. Reese
Publication_Date: 1994
Title:
Hydrogeology and the distribution and origin of salinity in the Floridan aquifer system, southeastern Florida
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Water Resources Investigations Report
Issue_Identification: 94-4010
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Tallahassee, FL
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details: accessed as of 12/30/2009
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/wri/94-4010/>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Reese, Ronald S.
Publication_Date: 2002
Title:
Inventory and Review of Aquifer Storage and Recovery in Southern Florida
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Water-Resources Investigations Report
Issue_Identification: 02-4036
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Tallahassee, FL
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details: accessed as of 12/30/2009
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/wri/02-4036/>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Reese, R. S.

Alvarez-Zarikian, C. A.

Publication_Date: 2007
Title:
Hydrogeology and Aquifer Storage and Recovery Performance in the Upper Floridan Aquifer, Southern Florida
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Scientific Investigations Report
Issue_Identification: 2006-5239
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details: accessed as of 10/4/2010
Online_Linkage: <http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2006/5239/>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Reese, Ronald S.

Richardson, Emily

Publication_Date: 2008
Title:
Synthesis of the hydrogeologic framework of the Floridan Aqufier System and delineation of a major Avon Park permeable zone in central and southern Florida
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Scientific Investigations Report
Issue_Identification: 2007-5207
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 8/10/2010

Prepared in cooperation with the South Florida Water Management District

Online_Linkage: <http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2007/5207/>

Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report: not applicable
Completeness_Report: not available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
An inventory of all ASR sites in southern Florida was made, including their target interval formation, type of source water being used, and current status.

An inventory of data available at all ASR sites, including site identification, location, construction data, geophysical log data, aquifer test data, core data, and water-quality data, is nearly complete.

Several GIS map illustrations have been completed. One shows where ASR wells and facilities have been constructed or are planned in South Florida. Others show key parameters for the purpose of comparison of ASR facilities, such as the thickness and diameter of the constructed open borehole.

Collection and compilation of cycle testing data from published reports, consulting reports, and monthly operationing reports was begun. Recovery efficiencies for most of the sites have been determined; however, at many of the sites only 2 or 3 cycles have been conducted and the recovery efficiency determined thus far could be unreliable.

Hydrogeologic tops in the Floridan aquifer system from three reports by Reese and others on the aquifer system were collated into one table for the purpose of constructing maps covering most of southern Florida.

Some ASR sites having performance problems or potential for problems have been identified. Knowledge of the factors contributing to these problems can assist municipalites and regulators in determining optimal site selection or contruction methods or both for future ASR sites.

Process_Date: 2000
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Ronald Reese
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 3110 SW 9th Avenue
City: Ft. Lauderdale
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33315
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 954 377-5921
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: rsreese@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The Restudy of the Central and South Florida Project plans to utilize approximately 300 ASR wells in southern Florida. ASR technology has been tested and implemented in some areas of south Florida; ASR wells have been constructed at 24 sites in an area that extends southward from Charlotte, DeSoto, Glades, Okeechobee, and St. Lucie Counties, and wells are planned or are in the permitting process at five additional sites. A pilot ASR facility is being constructed by South Florida Water Management District on the Hillsboro Canal in southeastern Palm Beach County. Three ASR facilities are operational.
Process_Date: 2001
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Water-Resources Investigations Report WRIR 02-4036 was published. The report contains sections on factors affecting the recovery of freshwater, the hydrogeology of the Upper Floridian aquifer, inventory of well and test data, and case studies of four selected ASR sites.
Process_Date: 2002
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Work planned for FY 2003 includes:

Data collection and inventory which involves visiting ASR facilities and water treatment plants, obtaining monthly operating reports and daily operational data, and obtaining well completion and cycle testing reports from consulting firms. The data will be inventoried using spreadsheets.

The hydrologic framework data developed in previous studies will be reivsed and expanded using ASR well and other recently drilled wells. Hydrogeologic tops will be determined and maps showing the tops of the Upper Floridian aquifer, thickness of important units, and the distribution of transmissivity of the aquifer or zones within the aquifer (storage zones) will be developed.

Available cycle testing data (rates, volumes, storage periods, and salinity of recovered water) will be evaluated. Recovery efficiencies (on a per cycle basis and on a cumulative basis) will be determined by two different methods and plots constructed. Comparative analyses of all ASR sites with adequate data will be conducted. Recovery efficiencies will be related to hydrogeologic and design/management factors including any operational problems that are occurring at a site.

Reports and illustrations will be prepared.

Process_Date: Not complete
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Work planned for FY 2004 includes:

1. Data Collection and Inventory Continue to visit ASR facilities and water treatment plants, obtain monthly operating reports and daily operational data, and obtain well completion and cycle testing reports from consulting firms. Inventory data using spreadsheets. Input well location and construction data into the GWSI module of NWIS.

2. Hydrogeologic delineation Geologic and hydrogeologic tops, flow zones, ambient salinity, and hydraulic properties will be determined at each site using geophysical logs, lithology, pump test, and other data. These interpretations and results will be related to the regional hydrogeologic framework of the Upper Floridan aquifer developed in previous or concurrent studies, including the regional structural and stratigraphic setting and distribution of salinity and permeability. During phase 1 of this project cycle test data from several sites suggested that salinity, transmissivity, and geologic structure can affect the efficient recovery of recharged feshwater, and salinity and transmissivity in the Upper Floridan aquifer are related to structure and stratigraphy.

3. Evaluation Determine recovery efficiencies by two different methods (on a per cycle basis and on a cumulative basis) and construct plots showing volumes recharged and recovered with time and the variation of salinity during recovery for each cycle. Relate recovery efficiencies to hydrogeologic, design, and management factors from 1 and 2 above, including any operational problems that are occurring at a site. Conduct a comparative analysis of all ASR sites having adequate data using the factors determined to be most important. Determine the trend of recovery efficiency with cumulative water recharged at each site, and relate these trends for all sites.

Process_Date: 2004
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Ronald Reese
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 3110 SW 9th Avenue
City: Ft. Lauderdale
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33315
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 954 377-5921
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: rsreese@usgs.gov

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Indirect_Spatial_Reference: Upper Floridian aquifer

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Ronald Reese
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 3110 SW 9th Avenue
City: Ft. Lauderdale
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33315
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 954 377-5921
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: rsreese@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: ASR review reports
Distribution_Liability: There are no warranties implied or explicit for the data.
Standard_Order_Process:
Non-digital_Form:
Contact the Principal Investigator for more information on data from the project.
Fees: none

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather S. Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 600 Fourth St. South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: hhenkel@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: ASR project hydraulic well-test data
Distribution_Liability:
No responsibility is assumed by the U.S. Geological Survey in the use of these data.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: table
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/wri/02-4036/table3.html>
Access_Instructions:
The data are included in WRIR 02-4036 and may be downloaded from the SOFIA web site.
Fees: none

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather S. Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 600 Fourth St. South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: hhenkel@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: ASR project cycle test data
Distribution_Liability:
No responsibility is assumed by the U.S. Geological Survey in the use of these data.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: table
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/wri/02-4036/table5.html>
Access_Instructions:
The data are included in WRIR 02-4036 and may be downloaded from the SOFIA web site.
Fees: none

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather S. Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 600 Fourth St. South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: hhenkel@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: ASR project ambient water quality
Distribution_Liability:
No responsibility is assumed by the U.S. Geological Survey in the use of these data.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: table
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/wri/02-4036/table4.html>
Access_Instructions:
The data are contained in WRIR 02-4036 and may be downloaded form the SOFIA web site.
Fees: none

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20101005
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 600 Fourth Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: sofia-metadata@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Access_Constraints: none
Metadata_Use_Constraints:
This metadata record may have been copied from the SOFIA website and may not be the most recent version. Please check <https://sofia.usgs.gov/metadata> to be sure you have the most recent version.

This page is <https://sofia.usgs.gov/metadata/sflwww/ASR_04.html>

U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey
Comments and suggestions? Contact: Heather Henkel - Webmaster
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