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Dynamics of Land Margin Ecosystems: Historical Change, Hydrology, Vegetation, Sediment, and Climate

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Thomas J. Smith III
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Dynamics of Land Margin Ecosystems: Historical Change, Hydrology, Vegetation, Sediment, and Climate
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: reports
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/index.php?project_url=dyn_margin>
Description:
Abstract:
This project has three objectives (tasks): 1) operate and maintain the Mangrove Hydrology sampling network; 2) study the dynamics of coastal vegetation (mangroves, marshes) in relation to sea-level, fire, disturbance and restoration; and, 3) measure rates of sediment surface elevation change and soil accretion or loss in coastal mangrove forests and brackish marshes of the Everglades and determine how sediment elevation varies in relation to hydrology (i.e. the restoration).
Purpose:
The objective of this project is to conduct integrated studies to develop an understanding of how hydrologic parameters, disturbance, sediment, and global change (e.g. sea level) influence ecological systems in coastal wetlands. Hydrological factors studied include surface and groundwater stage and conductivity, surface water flow, nutrient concentration and suspended sediment. Fire, freeze, hurricanes and lightning strikes are among the disturbances that are important in coastal wetlands. Sediment elevation changes in coastal wetlands as a function of plant growth and decomposition, accretion or erosion due to tides and surface water flows, fire (in freshwater peats) and hurricanes. Both positive and negative feedbacks on sediment elevation have been discovered. Sea level has increased almost 30cm in the past century. The influence of continued sea level rise on CERP for restoring coastal areas is unknown at present. These questions have been addressed by the development of an integrated network of sampling and measurement sites where instrumentation is collocated. Many sites have surface and ground water sampling wells, sediment elevations tables and permanent vegetation plots. Transects, with both permanent plots and hydrology sampling wells, have been established across the mangrove - marsh ecotone to examine the influence of hydrology and fires (both partly controllable), freezes and sea level (not manageable) on the position of the ecotone.
Supplemental_Information:
This project was formerly named Coastal Everglades Wetlands: Hydrology, Vegetation and Sediment Dynamics
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20021001
Ending_Date: 2009
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent:
mangrove, marsh, and back-bay systems of southwest FL coast and Florida Bay
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -81.75
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -80.25
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 26.25
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 25
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Theme_Keyword: hydrogeology
Theme_Keyword: biology
Theme_Keyword: vegetation
Theme_Keyword: sediment dynamics
Theme_Keyword: monitoring
Theme_Keyword: ecology
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: biota
Theme_Keyword: climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
Theme_Keyword: environment
Theme_Keyword: inlandWaters
Theme_Keyword: 002
Theme_Keyword: 004
Theme_Keyword: 007
Theme_Keyword: 012
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1995, Countries, Dependencies, Areas of Special Sovereignty, and Their Principal Administrative Divisions, Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 10-4, Washington, D.C., National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: US
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
U.S. Department of Commerce, 1987, Codes for the identification of the States, the District of Columbia and the outlying areas of the United States, and associated areas (Federal Information Processing Standard 5-2): Washington, D. C., NIST
Place_Keyword: Florida
Place_Keyword: FL
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1990, Counties and Equivalent Entities of the United States, Its Possessions, and Associated Areas, FIPS 6-3, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: Broward County
Place_Keyword: Collier County
Place_Keyword: Miami-Dade County
Place_Keyword: Monroe County
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Geographic Names Information System
Place_Keyword: Bahia Honda State Park
Place_Keyword: Chatham River
Place_Keyword: Everglades National Park
Place_Keyword: Florida Bay
Place_Keyword: Joe Bay
Place_Keyword: Lostmans River
Place_Keyword: Shark River
Place_Keyword: Ten Thousand Islands NWR
Place_Keyword: Big Sable Creek
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Place_Keyword: Central Everglades
Place_Keyword: Florida Keys
Place_Keyword: Highway Creek
Place_Keyword: Rookery Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve
Place_Keyword: SW Big Cypress
Taxonomy:
Keywords/Taxon:
Taxonomic_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Taxonomic_Keywords: multiple species
Taxonomic_Keywords: plants
Taxonomic_Keywords: vegetation
Taxonomic_System:
Classification_System/Authority:
Classification_System_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
U.S. Department of Agriculture - Agricultural Research Service (ARS)

U.S. Department of Agriculture - Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) Department of the Interior - U.S. Geological Survey Department of Commerce - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Smithsonian Institution - National Museum of Natural History (NMNH)

Publication_Date: 2000
Title: Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Database
Other_Citation_Details:
Retrieved from the Integrated Taxonomic Information System on-line database, <http://www.itis.gov>.
Online_Linkage: <http://www.itis.gov>
Taxonomic_Procedures: field identification
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Kingdom
Taxon_Rank_Value: Plantae
Applicable_Common_Name: plants
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subkingdom
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tracheobionta
Applicable_Common_Name: vascular plants
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Division
Taxon_Rank_Value: Magnoliophyta
Applicable_Common_Name: angiosperms
Applicable_Common_Name: flowering plants
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Magnoliopsida
Applicable_Common_Name: dicotyledons
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subclass
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rosidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rhizophorales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rhizophoraceae
Applicable_Common_Name: mangroves
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rhizophora
Applicable_Common_Name: mangrove
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rhizophora mangle
Applicable_Common_Name: red mangrove
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Myrtales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Combretaceae
Applicable_Common_Name: combretums
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Laguncularia
Applicable_Common_Name: laguncularia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Laguncularia racemosa
Applicable_Common_Name: white mangrove
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subclass
Taxon_Rank_Value: Asteridae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lamiales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Verbenaceae
Applicable_Common_Name: verbenas
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: vicennia
Applicable_Common_Name: black mangrove
Applicable_Common_Name: mangrove
Access_Constraints: none
Use_Constraints:
Any data are subject to change and are not citeable until reviewed and approved for official publication.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Thomas J. Smith III
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey, Southeast Ecological Science Center
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 600 Fourth Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 x3130
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: tom_j_smith@usgs.gov
Hours_of_Service: 0900-1700 ET M-F
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name:
<https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/gcc_impacts/images/ltdata03fig1x.jpg>
Browse_Graphic_File_Description:
Locations of hydrologic sampling sites within Everglades National Park
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: JPEG
Data_Set_Credit:
Project personnal include: Gordon Anderson, Ginger Tiling Range, and Karen Balentine
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Fennema, R. J.

Neidrauer, C. J.; Johnson, R. A.; MacVicar, T. K.; Perkins, W. A.

Publication_Date: 1994
Title: A computer model to simulate natural Everglades hydrology
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Delray Beach, FL
Publisher: St. Lucie Press
Other_Citation_Details:
in The Everglades: The Ecosystem and Its Restoration

S. M. Davis and J. C. Ogden, editors

Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Davis, S. M.

Gunderson, L. H.; Park, W. A.; Richardson, J. R.; Mattson, J. E.

Publication_Date: 1994
Title:
Landscape dimension, composition, and function in a changing Everglades landscape
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Delray Beach, FL
Publisher: St. Lucie Press
Other_Citation_Details:
in The Everglades: The Ecosystem and Its Restoration

S. M. Davis and J.C. Ogden, editors

Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Chen, R.

Twilley, R. R.

Publication_Date: 1999
Title:
A simulation model of organic matter and nutrient accumulation in mangrove wetland soils
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Biogeochemistry
Issue_Identification: v. 44 no. 1
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Dordrecht, Netherlands
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Press
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Meyers, J. M.

Langtimm, C. A.; Smith III, T. J.; Pednault-Willett, K.

Publication_Date: 2006
Title:
Wildlife and habitat damage assessment from Hurricane Charley: recommendations for recovery of the J. N. "Ding" Darling National Wildlife Refuge Complex
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2006-1126
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Florida
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details: accessed as of 12/14/2009
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/ofr/2006-1126/index.html>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Anderson, G. H.

Smith, III, T. J.

Publication_Date: 2004
Title:
The mangrove hydrology sampling network in Everglades National Park: hypotheses, network design, and data for the lower Shark River for water years 1996-2002
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 02-457
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: St. Petersburg, FL
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details:
OFR 02-457 is currently unavailable. If anyone has downloaded data from this publication, and has questions, they may contact Thomas J. Smith at: Tom_J_Smith@usgs.gov.
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Farris, G. S.; Smith, G. J.; Crane, M. P.; Demas, C. R.; Robbins, L. L.; Lavoie, D. L., editors
Publication_Date: 2007
Title:
Science and the Storms: The USGS Response to the Hurricanes of 2005
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: book
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Circular
Issue_Identification: 1306
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Lafayette, LA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, National Wetlands Research Center
Other_Citation_Details: accesssed as of 12/14/2009
Online_Linkage: <http://pubs.usgs.gov/circ/1306/>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Smith III, T. J.

Anderson, G.H.; Tiling, G.

Publication_Date: 2007
Title:
A tale of two storms: surges and sediment deposition from hurricanes Andrew and Wilma in Florida's southwest coastal mangrove forests
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report chapter
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Circular
Issue_Identification: 1306, chapter 6_g
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Lafayette, LA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, National Wetlands Research Center
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 12/14/2009

This is a chapter in Circular 1306

Online_Linkage: <http://pubs.usgs.gov/circ/1306/pdf/c1306_ch6_g.pdf>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Ward, G. A.

Smith, III, T. J.

Publication_Date: 2007
Title:
Predicting Mangrove Forest Recovery on the Southwest Coast of Florida Following the Impact of Hurricane Wilma, October 2005
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: book chpater
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Circular
Issue_Identification: 1306, chapter 6_h
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Lafayette, LA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, National Wetlands Research Center
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 12/14/2009

This is part of chapter 6 in USGS Circular 1306

Online_Linkage: <http://pubs.usgs.gov/circ/1306/pdf/c1306_ch6_h.pdf>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Smith III, T. J.

Anderson, G. H.; Balentine, K.; Tiling, G.; Ward, G. A.; Whelan, K. R. T.

Publication_Date: 2009
Title:
Cumulative impacts of hurricanes on Florida mangrove ecosystems: Sediment deposition, storm surges and vegetation
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Wetlands
Issue_Identification: v. 29, n. 1, p. 24-34
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: McLean, VA
Publisher: Society of Wetland Scientists
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 12/14/2009

Published in Wetlands

Online_Linkage:
<https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/papers/hurricane_sed/index.html>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Lindquist, E. S.

Krauss, K. W.; Green, P. T.; O'Dowd, D. J.; Sherman, P. M.; Smith III, T. J.

Publication_Date: 2009
Title:
Land crabs as key drivers in tropical coastal forest recruitment
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Biological Reviews
Issue_Identification: v. 84, issue 2, p. 203-223
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: online
Publisher: Cambridge Philosphical Society
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 12/21/2009

The full article is available via journal subscription or single article purchase. The abstract may be viewed on the Wiley InterScience website

Online_Linkage: <http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/121640896/abstract>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Teh, S. Y.

DeNagelis, D. L.; Sternberg, L.; Miralles-Wilhelm, F. R.; Smith III, T. J.; Koha, H-L

Publication_Date: 2008
Title:
A simulation model for projecting changes in salinity concentrations and species dominance in the coastal margin habitats of the Everglades
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Ecological Modeling
Issue_Identification: v. 213, issue 2, p. 245-256
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publisher: Elsevier Science B. V.
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 12/14/2009

The full article is available via journal subscription or single article purchase. The abstract may be viewed on the Science Direct website

Online_Linkage:
<http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6VBS-4RTKMW9-1&_user=4384568&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&view=c&_acct=C000038819&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=4384568&md5=cb594e00037dfd0a0434ed7bcd335200>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Romero, L. M.

Smith III, T. J.; Fourqurean, J. W.

Publication_Date: 2005
Title:
Changes in mass and nutrient content of wood during decomposition in a south Florida mangrove forest
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Journal of Ecology
Issue_Identification: v. 93, issue 3, p. 618-631
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: London, England, UK
Publisher: British Ecological Society
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 12/14/2009

The article was originally published in Journal of Ecology

Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/papers/decomp_mang/>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Smith III, T. J.

Whelan, K. R. T.

Publication_Date: 2006
Title:
Development of allometric relations for three mangrove species in South Florida for use in the Greater Everglades Ecosystem restoration
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Wetlands Ecology and Management
Issue_Identification: v. 14, n. 5, p. 409-419
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Dordrecht, The Netherlands
Publisher: Springer Science + Business Media
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 12/21/2009

Posted on SOFIA with permission from Springer

Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/papers/allometric_relations/>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Cannicci, S.

Burrows, D.; Fratini, S.; Smitth III, T. J.; Offenberg, J.; Dahdouh-Guebas, F.

Publication_Date: 2008
Title:
Faunal impact on vegetation structure and ecosystem function in mangrove forests: A review
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Aquatic Botany
Issue_Identification: v. 89, issue 2, p. 186-200
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publisher: Elsevier
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 12/21/2009

The full article is available via journal subscription or single article purchase. The abstract may be viewed on the Science Direct website.

Online_Linkage:
<http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T4F-4RSRDNS-1&_user=4384568&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&view=c&_acct=C000038819&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=4384568&md5=d01693b0c846c3e493e8c6573ee0c095>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Whelan, K. R. T.

SmithIII, T. J.; Cahoon, D. R.; Lynch, J. C.; Anderson, G. A.

Publication_Date: 2005
Title:
Groundwater Control of Mangrove Surface Elevation: Shrink and Swell Varies with Soil Depth
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Estuaries and Coasts
Issue_Identification: v. 28, n. 6, p. 833-843.
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Port Republic, MD
Publisher: Coastal and Estuaries Research Foundation (CERF)
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 12/21/2009

Posted on SOFIA with permission from ESTUARIES and COASTS, the Journal of the Estuarine Research Federation

Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/papers/mang_surf_elev/>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Krauss, K. W.

Doyle, T. W.; Twilley, R. R.; Smith III, T. J.; Whelan, K. R. T.; Sullivan, J. K.

Publication_Date: 2005
Title: Woody Debris in the Mangrove Forests of South Florida
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Biotropica
Issue_Identification: v. 37, n. 1, p. 9-15
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: online
Publisher: The Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 12/21/2009

This article was originally published in Biotropica

Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/papers/woody_debris/>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Bouillon, S.

Borges, A. V.; Castaneda-Moya, E.; Diele, K.; Dittmar, T.; Duke, N. C.; Kristensen, E.; Lee, S. Y.; Marchand, C.; Middelburg, J. J.; Rivera-Monroy, V. H.; Smith III, T. J.; Twilley, R. R.

Publication_Date: 2008
Title:
Mangrove production and carbon sinks: A revision of global budget estimates
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Global Biogeochemical Cycles
Issue_Identification: v. 22, GB2013
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: online
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Other_Citation_Details:
An American Geophysical Union membership or non-member purchase is required to access this article.
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Ward, G. A.

Smith, T. J. III; Whelan, K. R. T.; Doyle, T. W.

Publication_Date: 2006
Title:
Rergional processes in mangrove ecosystems: spatial scaling relationships, biomass, and turnover following catastrophic disturbance
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Hydrobiologia
Issue_Identification: v. 569, n. 1, p. 517-527
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Netherlands
Publisher: Springer
Other_Citation_Details:
accesssed as of 4/19/2010

The full article is available via journal subscription or single article purchase. The abstract may be viewed on the SpringerLink website by selecting the volume and issue number.

Online_Linkage: <http://www.springerlink.com/content/0018-8158>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Whelan, K. R. T.

Smith T. J., III; Anderson, G. H.; Ouelette, M. L.

Publication_Date: 2009
Title:
Hurricane Wilma's inpact on overall soil elevation and zones within the soil profile in a mangrove forest
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Wetlands
Issue_Identification: v. 29, n. 1, p. 16-23
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: McLean, VA
Publisher: Society of Wetland Scientists
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 4/19/2010

The full article is available via journal subscription or single article purchase. The abstract may be viewed on the SpringerLink website.

Online_Linkage:
<http://springerlink.com/content/nl500153t2347h86/?p=3a90276e0e564587889c3df4db5c2b4d&pi=2>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Fourqurean, J. W.

Smith, T. J. III; Possley, J.; Collins, T. M.; Lee, D.; Namoff, S.

Publication_Date: 2009
Title:
Are mangroves in the tropical Atlantic ripe for invasion? Exotic mangrove trees in the forests of south Florida
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Biological Invasions
Issue_Identification: Online First
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: online
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 4/20/2010

This report is available only online at this time. A journal or institutional subscription is required for access to the full article.

Online_Linkage: <http://www.springerlink.com/content/4x3j740724363778/>

Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report: not available
Completeness_Report: not available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Hydrology Task:

Maintenance of the mangrove hydrology network continued to consume a significant portion of time and budget. We initiated work to rebuild all of the platforms. More importantly we began to replace older equipment with new material from the Hydrologic Instrumentation Facility, a WRD operation in Bay St. Louis, MS. The network still yields data that are being used by an increasing number of collaborators including all investigators associated with the National Science Foundation's "Florida Coastal Everglades" Long-term Ecological Research project, and PIs with the TIME project.

The 17 stations in the network are arrayed along five transects: Chatham River, Lostmans River, Shark River, Joe Bay, and Highway Creek. Unlike the coastal and marine sites operated by Everglades NP or the WRD, these sites are in vegetated wetlands, not channels. All of the sites are instrumented to collect stage and conductivity, and some have rain gauges. In FY02 the instrumentation was upgraded with equipment from the Hydrologic Instrumentation Facility.

Vegetation Task: Sampling of the permanent mangrove forest plots continued to show interesting dynamics among the three mangrove species. This year marked the 10th year anniversary following Hurricane Andrew. The red mangrove increased in abundance in almost all plots, whereas no change in abundance of the black mangrove has been recorded for over five years and the white mangrove is extremely variable. Seedlings of the white mangrove dominate the seedling flora across the mangrove marsh ecotone.

Sediment Surface Elevation Task: Measurements of wetlands sediment surface elevation were conducted quarterly over the year and have yielded surprising results. Upstream, freshwater wetlands respond to hydrologic forcing in the opposite manner than do downstream, saline wetlands. As water level drops in freshwater sites, the sediment surface elevation increases. In saline wetlands the opposite is true.

Process_Date: 2003
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Work planned for FY 2004 includes:

Coastal wetlands hydrology sampling: We will continue the operation and sampling of the surface- and ground-water monitoring network in the wetlands of the coastal Everglades. In FY04 we will complete the instrument upgrade. The equipment at each station will be maintained in good working order. Standard protocols will be followed to ensure compatibility of the data with other sampling regimes. Data are recorded at 15min intervals and downloaded daily. Data are stored on the Park’s mainframe computer. QA/QC will be carried out using accepted SOPs. Sediment porewater samples will be collected quarterly from a subset of sites in the network (those on the Shark and Harney Rivers). WQ samples are collected using methods developed by the Ocala Water lab. Samples are prepped in the field and the shipped to Ocala via an overnight courier for processing.

Coastal vegetation dynamics: Vegetation sampling in the coastal wetlands of the Everglades was initiated in 1992. The plot network was expanded following the 'mangrove die-off' event in Florida Bay in the mid-1990s. FY03 marked the 10th anniversary of the mangrove plot network and 10 years since the passage of Hurricane Andrew. Plots are located in a variety of coastal vegetation communities including: mangrove forest (both disturbed and undisturbed), spikerush, sawgrass and needlerush marshes, mixed areas including: Rookery Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve, 10,000 Island National Wildlife Refuge, Everglades National Park and Bahia Honda State Park. Continued re-sampling of the plots is leading to an understanding of vegetation dynamics in relation to a variety of factors including fire, freeze, disturbance (large and small), and most importantly hydrology (surface and ground water). In FY04 we will re-sample all plots along the Shark and Harney Rivers (in ENP), the plots in the RBNERR and 10,000 Island NWR. One half of the plots in Florida Bay will be re-sampled in FY04 and the remaining half in FY05. If an event occurs (e.g. a major Hurricane) we will mobilize to sample all affected plots. We will also sample all plots associated with the Sediment Elevation Tables and the mangrove / marsh burn study. The study of gap dynamics in mangroves and how increasing freshwater inflow from the restoration will affect gap dynamics will continue. Data analyses will be conducted to relate growth dynamics of the three species of mangroves with the hydrologic parameters measured.

Wetlands sediment surface elevation: Conduct quarterly measurements of surface elevation at the following sites: SH1, SH2, SH3, BSC-mud, BSC-forest, LO1, LO2, and LO3 (SH=Shark River, LO=Lostmans River, BSC=Big Sable Creek). Sediment elevation tables were installed at all of these sites between 1998 and 2001. Additionally, feldspar marker layers were placed at the sites to measure rates of sediment accretion. Permanent vegetation plots and surface water and ground water wells are located at all sites.

Process_Date: Not complete
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Thomas J. Smith III
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey, Southeast Ecological Science Center
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 600 Fourth Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 x3130
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: tom_j_smith@usgs.gov
Hours_of_Service: 0900-1700 ET M-F

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather S. Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 600 Fourth St. South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: hhenkel@usgs.gov
Resource_Description:
surface water data for stations LO1-3, BSC, and SH1-5 ( Lostmans Creek, Big Sable Creek, and Shark River respectively)
Distribution_Liability: The data have no guarantees explicit or implied
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: HTML table
Format_Version_Number: unknown
Format_Information_Content:
Each station is linked to the table with the information available for that station.
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/eden/stationlist.php>
Access_Instructions:
The station list may be accessed on the EDEN Water Levels data jpage
Fees: none
Ordering_Instructions:
Data for stations LO1, LO2, LO3, BSC, SH1, SH2, SH3, SH4, and SH5 are available On the EDEN Water Levels page by chosing the station from the staion list.

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20100420
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 600 Fourth Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: sofia-metadata@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name:
Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata Part 1: Biological Data Profile
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001.1-1999
Metadata_Access_Constraints: none
Metadata_Use_Constraints:
This metadata record may have been copied from the SOFIA website and may not be the most recent version. Please check <https://sofia.usgs.gov/metadata> to be sure you have the most recent version.

This page is <https://sofia.usgs.gov/metadata/sflwww/DLME.html>

U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey
Comments and suggestions? Contact: Heather Henkel - Webmaster
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