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Florida Bay Salinity Data

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Robert Halley (retired)

Dewitt Snith (1994-1999); Mark Hansen (1994-1999); Kim Yates (2000-2001)

Publication_Date: 2001
Title: Florida Bay Salinity Data
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: maps and data
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/exchange/halley/halleysalt.html>
Description:
Abstract:
Florida Bay salinity data are available as raw data in text files and as maps showing salinity contours in 5 parts per thousand (ppt) salinity.

The raw data files contain a point ID, date of collection, salinity values in ppt, and longitude and latitude. For some dates water temperature, time of data collection, and conductivity in millisiemens were recorded. Surface salinity values for Florida Bay are available beginning in November 1994 through December 2001 and bottom salinity values from November 1994 through December 1996. The data are in comma-separated ASCII text files.

The maps show the salinity for Florida Bay at 5ppt salinity intervals approximately every other month beginning in November 1994 through December 2001.

Surface salinity maps are available for November 1994 through December 2001. Bottom salinity maps are available for November 1994 through December 1996. Bottom salinity maps were discontinued after December 1996

USGS Open-File Report (OFR) 95-634 contains the surface salinity maps for November 1994; January, April, June, August, October, and December 1995; and February, April, and June 1996.

OFR 98-142 contains the surface salinity maps for November 1994: January, April, June, August, October, and December 1995; February, April, June, August, October, and December 1996: January, April, June, August, October, and December 1997; and February 1998.

Purpose:
Recent algal blooms and seagrass mortality have raised concerns about the water quality of Florida Bay, particularly its nutrient content (nitrogen and phosphorous), hypersalinity, and turbidity. Water quality is closely tied to sediment transport processes because resuspension of sediments increases turbidity, releases stored nutrients, and facilitates sediment export to the reef tract.

The objective of this research is to provide a better understanding of how and when sediments within Florida Bay are resuspended and deposited, to define the spatial distribution of the potential for resuspension, to delineate patterns of potential bathymetric change, and to predict the impacts of storms or seagrass die-off on bathymetry and circulation within the bay. By combining these results with the findings of other research being conducted in Florida Bay, we hope to quantify sediment export from the bay, better define the nutrient input during resuspension events, and assist in modeling circulation and water quality. Results will enable long-term sediment deposition and erosion in various regions of the bay to be integrated with data on the anticipated sea-level rise to predict future water depths and volumes. Results from this project, together with established sediment production rates, will provide the basis for a sediment budget for Florida Bay.

Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 199411
Ending_Date: 200112
Currentness_Reference: surface or bottom condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -81.167
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -80.33
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 25.33
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 24.83
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Theme_Keyword: sea-level
Theme_Keyword: circulation
Theme_Keyword: sediments
Theme_Keyword: water quality
Theme_Keyword: chemistry
Theme_Keyword: hydrology
Theme_Keyword: salinity
Theme_Keyword: geology
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: environment
Theme_Keyword: inlandWaters
Theme_Keyword: geoscientificInformation
Theme_Keyword: 007
Theme_Keyword: 008
Theme_Keyword: 012
Theme_Keyword: imageryBaseMapsEarthCover
Theme_Keyword: 011
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1995, Countries, Dependencies, Areas of Special Sovereignty, and Their Principal Administrative Divisions, Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 10-4, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: US
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
U.S. Department of Commerce, 1987, Codes for the identification of the States, the District of Columbia and the outlying areas of the United States, and associated areas (Federal Information Processing Standard 5-2): Washington, DC, NIST
Place_Keyword: Florida
Place_Keyword: FL
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1990, Counties and Equivalent Entities of the United States, Its Possessions, and Associated Areas, FIPS 6-3, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: Monroe County
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Geographic Names Information System
Place_Keyword: Everglades National Park
Place_Keyword: Florida Bay
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Place_Keyword: Central Everglades
Access_Constraints: none
Use_Constraints: none
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: David Rudnick
Contact_Organization: Everglades Division, South Florida Water Management District
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 3301 Gun Club Road
City: West Palm Beach
State_or_Province: Fl
Postal_Code: 33407
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 561 682-6561
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: drudnic@sfwmd.gov
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/exchange/halley/locationsalt.html>
Browse_Graphic_File_Description: Florida Bay Salinity Data Location Map
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: GIF
Data_Set_Credit:
Salinity data was collected by R. Halley, K. Ludwig, Kim Yates, Jason Greenwood, Yucong Tuo, Rita Byrd, Hilary Stockton, Heather Mounts, K. Geraghty, B. Remick, R. Peterson, M. Moyle, L. Roulier, D. Wiese, B, Zalew, B. J. Reynolds, Nathan Smiley, Chris Dufore, and Nancy DeWitt. Additional data was provided by Everglades National Park, and the South Florida Water Management District.
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
The data are available as comma-separated ASCII text files and maps in PDF files
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Boscence, D.
Publication_Date: 1989
Title: Biogenic carbonate production in Florida Bay
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Bulletin of Marine Science
Issue_Identification: v. 44, n. 1, p 419-433
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Miami, FL
Publisher:
Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 6/7/2011

The full article is available free from the website below.

Online_Linkage:
<http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/umrsmas/bullmar/1989/00000044/00000001/art00031>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Frankignoulle, M.
Publication_Date: 1988
Title: Field Measurements of air-sea CO2 exchange
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Limnology and Oceanography
Issue_Identification: v. 33, n.3, p. 313-322
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Washington, D.C.
Publisher: American Society of Limnology and Oceanography
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 6/13/2011

The full article is available free from the website below.

Online_Linkage: <http://www.aslo.org/lo/toc/vol_33/issue_3/0313.pdf>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Millero, F. J.
Publication_Date: 1979
Title: The thermodynamics of the carbonate system in seawater
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publicaton
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Issue_Identification: v. 43, n. 10, p. 1651-1661
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Oxon, United Kingdom
Publisher: Geochemical Society (Elsevier Science Ltd.)
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 6/13/2011

The full article is available via journal subscription or single article purchase. The abstract may be viewed on the website below.

Online_Linkage:
<http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0016703779901844>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Stockman, K. W.

Ginsburg, R. N.; Shinn, E. A.

Publication_Date: 1967
Title: The production of lime mud by algae in South Florida
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Journal of Sedimentary Petrology
Issue_Identification: v. 37, n. 2., p. 633-648
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Tulsa, OK
Publisher: S E P M Society for Sedimentary Geology
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 6/13/2011

The full article is available via journal subscription or single article purchase. The abstract may be viewed on the website below.

Online_Linkage: <http://jsedres.sepmonline.org/cgi/content/abstract/37/2/633>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Sugiura, Y.

Ibert, E. R.; Hood, D. W.

Publication_Date: 1963
Title: Mass transfer of carbon dioxide across sea surfaces
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Journal of Marine Research
Issue_Identification: v. 21, n. 1, p. 11-24
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: New Haven, CT
Publisher: Sears Foundation for Marine Research
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Wanninkhof, R.
Publication_Date: 1992
Title: Relationship between wind speed and gas exchange over the ocean
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans
Issue_Identification: v. 97, n. C5, p. 7373-7382
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Washington, DC
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 6/13/2011

The full article is available via journal subscription or single article purchase. The abstract may be viewed on the website below.

Online_Linkage: <http://www.agu.org/pubs/crossref/1992/92JC00188.shtml>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Halley, Robert

Smith, Dewitt; Hansen, Mark

Publication_Date: 1995
Title: Surface Salinity of Florida Bay
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: maps and data
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Open-File Reports
Issue_Identification: 95-634
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details: accessed as of 6/13/2011
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/ofr/95-634/index.html>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Halley, Robert

Smith, Dewitt; Hansen, Mark

Publication_Date: 1998
Title: Florida Bay Surface Salinities
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: maps and data
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Open-File Reports
Issue_Identification: 98-142
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details: accesssed as of 6/13/2011
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/ofr/98-142/index.html>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Barnes, D. J.
Publication_Date: 1983
Title:
Profiling coral reef productivity and calcification using pH and oxygen electrodes
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
Issue_Identification: v. 66, n. 2, p. 149-161
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher: Elsevier Science BV
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 6/13/2011

The full article is available via journal subscription or single article purchase. The abstract may be viewed on the website below.

Online_Linkage:
<http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0022098183900369>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Barnes, D. J.

Devereux, M. J.

Publication_Date: 1984
Title:
Productivity and calcification on a coral reef: a survey using pH and oxygen electrode techniques
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
Issue_Identification: v. 79, n. 3, p. 213-231
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher: Elsevier Science BV
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 6/13/2011

The full article is available via journal subscription or single article purchase. The abstract may be viewed on the website below.

Online_Linkage:
<http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0022098184901965>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Frankignoulle, M.

Disteche, A.

Publication_Date: 1984
Title:
CO2 chemistry in the water column above a Posidonia seagrass bed and related air-sea exchanges
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Oceanologica Acta
Issue_Identification: v. 7, n. 2, p. 209-219
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Paris, France
Publisher: Institute Franceis de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Gattuso, J. P.

Pichon, M.; Delesalle, B.; Frankignoulle, M.

Publication_Date: 1993
Title:
Community metabolism and air-sea CO2 fluxes in a coral reef ecosystem (Moorea, French Polynesia)
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Marine Ecology Progress Series
Issue_Identification: v. 96, p. 259-267
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Oldendorf, Germany
Publisher: Inter-Research
Other_Citation_Details: accessed as of 6/13/2011
Online_Linkage: <http://www.int-res.com/articles/meps/96/m096p259.pdf>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Kayanne, H.

Suzuki, A.; Saito, H.

Publication_Date: 1995
Title:
Diurnal changes in the partial pressure of carbon dioxide in coral reef water
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Science
Issue_Identification: v. 269, n. 5221, p. 214-216
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Washington, DC
Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 6/13/2011

The full article is available via journal subscription or single article purchase. The abstract may be viewed on the website below.

Online_Linkage: <http://www.sciencemag.org/content/269/5221/214.abstract>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Smith, S. V.
Publication_Date: 1973
Title:
Carbon dioxide dynamics: a record of organic carbon production, respiration, and calcification in the Eniwetok reef flat community
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Limnology and Oceanography
Issue_Identification: v. 18, n. , p. 106-120
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Washington, DC
Publisher: American Society of Limnology and Oceanography
Other_Citation_Details: accessed as of 6/13/2011
Online_Linkage: <http://aslo.org/lo/toc/vol_18/issue_1/0106.pdf>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Smith, S. V.

Key, G. S.

Publication_Date: 1975
Title: Carbon dioxide and metabolism in marine environments
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Limnology and Oceanography
Issue_Identification: v. 20, n. 3, p. 493-495
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Washington, D.C.
Publisher: American Society of Limnology and Oceanography
Other_Citation_Details: accessed as of 6/13/2011
Online_Linkage: <http://www.aslo.org/lo/toc/vol_20/issue_3/0493.pdf>

Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report:
The salinity data were gathered by USGS with additional data provided by Everglades National Park (ENP) and the South Florida Water Management District (SFWMD) from 1994 through 1997. The files for 1998-2001 contain only data collected by the USGS.
Completeness_Report:
Surface salinity data are available for November, 1994; January, April, June, August, October, and December, 1995; February, April, June, August, October, and December, 1996; January, April, June, August, October, and December, 1997; and February, April, May, August, October, and December, 1998; February, April, June, and August, 1999; December 2000; and April, June, August, and November 2001. Data from November 1994 through August 1997 include the point ID, date, salinity in ppt, and the longitude and latitude of the point in decimal degrees. From October 1997 through August 1999, the time of data collection is also included. From February 1998 through August 1999 water temperature is included. The data for December 2000 contain on the ID, latitude and longitude and the salinity value. The data for 2001 contain the ID, latitude, longitude, salinity, conductivity, and water temperature.

Bottom salinity data is available for November 1994; January, April, June, August, October, and December of 1995; and February, April, June, August, October, and December of 1996. Bottom salinity data collection ceased in December 1996. The data contain the ID, date, salinity value, and longitude and latitude of the collection point.

Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
Local information was recorded in the Bay using a military style GPS unit - Rockwell Precision Lightweight GPS Receiver PLGR+96 with a precision of +/- 10m.

Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Government

Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The USGS conducted salinity surveys of Florida Bay approximately every other month from November 1994 through December 2001. The data collected during the surveys were supplemented with point data from Everglades National Park marine monitoring continuous stations and the South Florida Water Management District water quality monitoring stations collected by the Southeast Environmental Research Program at Florida International University from 1994 through 1997. The data were assembled and contoured using CPS3 (Contour Plotting System) software version 4.2 and ARC/INFO 7.0.3 to produce maps of the surface salinity in Florida Bay. Data points are shown on the maps. Surveys typically took between 3 and 5 days, depending on weather. Between 1994 and the summer of 1996 each survey collected salinity data at between 250 and 350 stations each consisting of a surface measurement 15 cm below the surface and a measurement on the bottom.

During the summer and fall of 1996, the USGS developed a digital measuring system so that subsequent surveys collected several thousand surface measurements. Due to the new digital system, the USGS no longer uses the South Florida Water Management District data nor the Everglades National Park data. Bottom salinity surveys were discontinued after December 1996.

Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Government

Process_Date: 2001
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: David Rudnick
Contact_Organization: Everglades Division, South Florida Water Management District
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 3301 Gun Club Road
City: West Palm Beach
State_or_Province: Fl
Postal_Code: 33407
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 561 682-6561
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: drudnic@sfwmd.gov

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Indirect_Spatial_Reference: Florida Bay

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.0001
Longitude_Resolution: 0.0001
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
All salinity measurement points contain an ID, the salinity value and the longitude and latitude of the point. Other values collected at times include the water temperature, the time of the measurement, and conductivity in millisiemens/cm.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: USGS

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather S. Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 600 Fourth St. South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: hhenkel@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: Surface Salinity Maps
Distribution_Liability: No warrantees are implied or explicit for the data
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Adobe PDF
Format_Version_Number: 4.0
Format_Information_Content:
Each file contains an image of the surface or bottom salinity map for a specific date.
Transfer_Size: 4
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/exchange/halley/halleysalt.html>
Access_Instructions: The maps may be downloaded from the SOFIA website
Fees: none

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather S. Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 600 Fourth St. South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: hhenkel@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: Florida Bay salinity data
Distribution_Liability: The data have no implied or explicit guarantees
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ASCII
Format_Version_Number: unknown
Format_Information_Content:
Each file contains the salinity data for a specific date. Bottom salinity data were discontinued after December 2006.
Transfer_Size: 1.35
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/exchange/halley/halleysalt.html>
Access_Instructions: Data may be downloaded from the SOFIA web site
Fees: None

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20110613
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 600 Fourth Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: sofia-metadata@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Access_Constraints: none
Metadata_Use_Constraints:
This metadata record may have been copied from the SOFIA website and may not be the most recent version. Please check <https://sofia.usgs.gov/metadata> to be sure you have the most recent version.

This page is <https://sofia.usgs.gov/metadata/sflwww/FBsaldat.html>

U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey
Comments and suggestions? Contact: Heather Henkel - Webmaster
Generated by mp version 2.8.18 on Mon Jun 13 15:50:41 2011