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Sedimentation, Sea-Level Rise, and Circulation in Florida Bay

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Robert Halley (retired)

Ellen Prager (no longer with USGS)

Publication_Date: 2002
Title: Sedimentation, Sea-Level Rise, and Circulation in Florida Bay
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: project
Online_Linkage:
<https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/index.php?project_url=circulation>
Description:
Abstract:
The goal of this project was to document decade- to century- scale processes associated with sediment transport in Florida Bay. The results will quantify the influence of bottom topography on waterquality in the Bay so that sea level and bathymetric change can be integrated with numerical modeling efforts conducted by cooperating agencies.
Purpose:
Recent algal blooms and seagrass mortality have raised concerns about the water quality of Florida Bay, particularly its nutrient content (nitrogen and phosphorous), hypersalinity, and turbidity. Water quality is closely tied to sediment transport processes because resuspension of sediments increases turbidity, releases stored nutrients, and facilitates sediment export to the reef tract.

The objective of this research is to provide a better understanding of how and when sediments within Florida Bay are resuspended and deposited, to define the spatial distribution of the potential for resuspension, to delineate patterns of potential bathymetric change, and to predict the impacts of storms or seagrass die-off on bathymetry and circulation within the bay. By combining these results with the findings of other research being conducted in Florida Bay, we hope to quantify sediment export from the bay, better define the nutrient input during resuspension events, and assist in modeling circulation and water quality. Results will enable long-term sediment deposition and erosion in various regions of the bay to be integrated with data on the anticipated sea-level rise to predict future water depths and volumes. Results from this project, together with established sediment production rates, will provide the basis for a sediment budget for Florida Bay.

Supplemental_Information: This project was completed in 2002
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 199411
Ending_Date: 200212
Currentness_Reference: surface and bottom conditions
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -81.167
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -80.33
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 25.33
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 24.83
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Theme_Keyword: sea-level
Theme_Keyword: circulation
Theme_Keyword: sediments
Theme_Keyword: water quality
Theme_Keyword: chemistry
Theme_Keyword: hydrology
Theme_Keyword: salinity
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: environment
Theme_Keyword: inlandWaters
Theme_Keyword: 007
Theme_Keyword: 012
Theme_Keyword: imageryBaseMapsEarthCover
Theme_Keyword: 010
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1995, Countries, Dependencies, Areas of Special Sovereignty, and Their Principal Administrative Divisions, Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 10-4, Washington, D.C., National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: US
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
U.S. Department of Commerce, 1987, Codes for the identification of the States, the District of Columbia and the outlying areas of the United States, and associated areas (Federal Information Processing Standard 5-2): Washington, D. C., NIST
Place_Keyword: Florida
Place_Keyword: FL
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1990, Counties and Equivalent Entities of the United States, Its Possessions, and Associated Areas, FIPS 6-3, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: Monroe County
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Geographic Names Information System
Place_Keyword: Everglades National Park
Place_Keyword: Florida Bay
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Place_Keyword: Central Everglades
Place_Keyword: Florida Keys
Access_Constraints: none
Use_Constraints: none
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: David Rudnick
Contact_Organization: Everglades Division, South Florida Water Management District
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 3301 Gun Club Road
City: West Palm Beach
State_or_Province: Fl
Postal_Code: 33407
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 561 682-6561
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: drudnic@sfwmd.gov
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/exchange/halley/locationsalt.html>
Browse_Graphic_File_Description: Florida Bay Salinity Data Location Map
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: GIF
Data_Set_Credit:
Salinity data was collected by R. Halley, K. Ludwig, Kim Yates, Jason Greenwood, Yucong Tuo, Rita Byrd, Hilary Stockton, Heather Mounts, K. Geraghty, B. Remick, R. Peterson, M. Moyle, L. Roulier, D. Wiese, B, Zalew, and Nancy DeWitt. Additional data was provided by the National Park Service, Everglades National Park, and the South Florida Water Managememnt District.
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
ESRI shape files, Adobe PDF files, JPEG images, and ASCII text files
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Boscence, D.
Publication_Date: 1989
Title: Biogenic carbonate production in Florida Bay
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Bulletin of Marine Science
Issue_Identification: v. 44, n. 1, p 419-433
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Miami, FL
Publisher:
Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 6/7/2011

The full article is available free from the website below.

Online_Linkage:
<http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/umrsmas/bullmar/1989/00000044/00000001/art00031>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Frankignoulle, M.
Publication_Date: 1988
Title: Field Measurements of air-sea CO2 exchange
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Limnology and Oceanography
Issue_Identification: v. 33, n.3, p. 313-322
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Washington, D.C.
Publisher: American Society of Limnology and Oceanography
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 6/13/2011

The full article is available free from the website below.

Online_Linkage: <http://www.aslo.org/lo/toc/vol_33/issue_3/0313.pdf>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Millero, F. J.
Publication_Date: 1979
Title: The thermodynamics of the carbonate system in seawater
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publicaton
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Issue_Identification: v. 43, n. 10, p. 1651-1661
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Oxon, United Kingdom
Publisher: Geochemical Society (Elsevier Science Ltd.)
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 6/13/2011

The full article is available via journal subscription or single article purchase. The abstract may be viewed on the website below.

Online_Linkage:
<http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0016703779901844>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Stockman, K. W.

Ginsburg, R. N.; Shinn, E. A.

Publication_Date: 1967
Title: The production of lime mud by algae in South Florida
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Journal of Sedimentary Petrology
Issue_Identification: v. 37, n. 2., p. 633-648
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Tulsa, OK
Publisher: S E P M Society for Sedimentary Geology
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 6/13/2011

The full article is available via journal subscription or single article purchase. The abstract may be viewed on the website below.

Online_Linkage: <http://jsedres.sepmonline.org/cgi/content/abstract/37/2/633>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Sugiura, Y.

Ibert, E. R.; Hood, D. W.

Publication_Date: 1963
Title: Mass transfer of carbon dioxide across sea surfaces
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Journal of Marine Research
Issue_Identification: v. 21, n. 1, p. 11-24
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: New Haven, CT
Publisher: Sears Foundation for Marine Research
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Wanninkhof, R.
Publication_Date: 1992
Title: Relationship between wind speed and gas exchange over the ocean
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans
Issue_Identification: v. 97, n. C5, p. 7373-7382
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Washington, DC
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 6/13/2011

The full article is available via journal subscription or single article purchase. The abstract may be viewed on the website below.

Online_Linkage: <http://www.agu.org/pubs/crossref/1992/92JC00188.shtml>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Halley, Robert

Smith, Dewitt; Hansen, Mark

Publication_Date: 1995
Title: Surface Salinity of Florida Bay
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: maps and data
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Open-File Reports
Issue_Identification: 95-634
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details: accessed as of 6/13/2011
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/ofr/95-634/index.html>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Halley, Robert

Smith, Dewitt; Hansen, Mark

Publication_Date: 1998
Title: Florida Bay Surface Salinities
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: maps and data
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Open-File Reports
Issue_Identification: 98-142
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details: accesssed as of 6/13/2011
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/ofr/98-142/index.html>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Barnes, D. J.
Publication_Date: 1983
Title:
Profiling coral reef productivity and calcification using pH and oxygen electrodes
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
Issue_Identification: v. 66, n. 2, p. 149-161
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher: Elsevier Science BV
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 6/13/2011

The full article is available via journal subscription or single article purchase. The abstract may be viewed on the website below.

Online_Linkage:
<http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0022098183900369>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Barnes, D. J.

Devereux, M. J.

Publication_Date: 1984
Title:
Productivity and calcification on a coral reef: a survey using pH and oxygen electrode techniques
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
Issue_Identification: v. 79, n. 3, p. 213-231
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher: Elsevier Science BV
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 6/13/2011

The full article is available via journal subscription or single article purchase. The abstract may be viewed on the website below.

Online_Linkage:
<http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0022098184901965>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Frankignoulle, M.

Disteche, A.

Publication_Date: 1984
Title:
CO2 chemistry in the water column above a Posidonia seagrass bed and related air-sea exchanges
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Oceanologica Acta
Issue_Identification: v. 7, n. 2, p. 209-219
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Paris, France
Publisher: Institute Franceis de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Gattuso, J. P.

Pichon, M.; Delesalle, B.; Frankignoulle, M.

Publication_Date: 1993
Title:
Community metabolism and air-sea CO2 fluxes in a coral reef ecosystem (Moorea, French Polynesia)
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Marine Ecology Progress Series
Issue_Identification: v. 96, p. 259-267
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Oldendorf, Germany
Publisher: Inter-Research
Other_Citation_Details: accessed as of 6/13/2011
Online_Linkage: <http://www.int-res.com/articles/meps/96/m096p259.pdf>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Kayanne, H.

Suzuki, A.; Saito, H.

Publication_Date: 1995
Title:
Diurnal changes in the partial pressure of carbon dioxide in coral reef water
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Science
Issue_Identification: v. 269, n. 5221, p. 214-216
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Washington, DC
Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 6/13/2011

The full article is available via journal subscription or single article purchase. The abstract may be viewed on the website below.

Online_Linkage: <http://www.sciencemag.org/content/269/5221/214.abstract>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Smith, S. V.
Publication_Date: 1973
Title:
Carbon dioxide dynamics: a record of organic carbon production, respiration, and calcification in the Eniwetok reef flat community
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Limnology and Oceanography
Issue_Identification: v. 18, n. , p. 106-120
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Washington, DC
Publisher: American Society of Limnology and Oceanography
Other_Citation_Details: accessed as of 6/13/2011
Online_Linkage: <http://aslo.org/lo/toc/vol_18/issue_1/0106.pdf>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Prager, E. J.

Halley, R. B.

Publication_Date: 1999
Title:
The influence of seagrass on shell layers and Florida Bay mudbanks
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Journal of Coastal Research
Issue_Identification: v. 15, n. 4, 1151-1162
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Fort Lauderdale, FL
Publisher: Coastal Education and Research Foundation (CERF)
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 6/13/2011

The first page of the article is available online on the website below. The full article is available via journal subscription, single article purchase, or a participating institution.

Online_Linkage: <http://www.jstor.org/pss/4299032>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Smith, S. V.

Key, G. S.

Publication_Date: 1975
Title: Carbon dioxide and metabolism in marine environments
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Limnology and Oceanography
Issue_Identification: v. 20, n. 3, p. 493-495
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Washington, D.C.
Publisher: American Society of Limnology and Oceanography
Other_Citation_Details: accessed as of 6/13/2011
Online_Linkage: <http://www.aslo.org/lo/toc/vol_20/issue_3/0493.pdf>

Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report: not applicable
Completeness_Report: not applicable
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
Local information was recorded in the Bay using a Department of the Interior-issued military style GPS unit - Rockwell Precision Lightweight GPS Receiver PLGR+96 with a precision of +/- 10m.

Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Government

Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Six interrelated activities were undertaken for this project: 1) core analyses; 2) local sediment elevation surveys; 3) mudbank profiling and surveys; 4) integration of sedimentary analyses with circulation patterns and sea-level history; 5) salinity surveys to document effects of mudbanks on circulation; and 6) measurement of short-term productivity and carbonate precipitation.

This project integrated results from several other projects in the USGS Place Based Studies and other programs. In particular, the bathymetry, turbidity, sediment transport, lead-210 dating, and ecosystem history projects in the bay both used results from this project and provided information to the project. Additional complimentary information was provided by the Marine and Coastal Program project "Sedimentation and water quality in Florida Bay" that provided funding for determining past salinity from geochemical analyses of fossil mollusks as part of a cooperative with the South Florida Water Management District.

Five of the six activities were designed to provide measures of sedimentation or erosion on mudbanks, the sixth activity documents the influence of mudbanks on water salinity. 1) Coring: Cores taken for this and other projects were x-rayed and some provided measurable sections of sediment above known (dated) horizons. These provided an average sedimentation rate based on the age of the horizon. 2) Pb-210 dating: A few cores were suitable for lead-210 dating from which an average sedimentation rate was calculated. The lead-210 method has the advantage of providing a continuous record of sedimentation rates during the last century with a resolution of a few years. However, there are only a few sites in the Bay that are suitable for analyses. 3) Sedimentation site monitoring: Fifteen local sediment survey stations were established in the bay. These were driven to bedrock and provided platforms for seasonal sediment elevation measurements accurate to a few millimeters. Five are in the eastern bay, five in the central bay, and five in the western bay. 4) Bank profiles: Each group of five survey stations is arranged in a transact across a mudbank. Repeated precision profiling across each mudbank will provide a multi-year record of sediment erosion or accretion on the bank and allow the data from individual survey stations, cores, and marker horizon sites to be placed in context of bank-wide patterns. Sedimentation rates provide basic data for determining long-term accumulation/erosion patterns and subsequent volume changes in the bay as a result of sea- level rise. 5) Salinity surveys: Salinity maps, produced semi monthly, illustrate the influence of mudbanks on circulation. The contours of salinity, constructed from bay-wide surveys, show conformity with the banks and often coincide with the banks. Turbid and algal bloom regions, monitored by other agencies, are also confined by shallow banks. 6) Productivity and calcification measurements: The measurements of the short-term productivity and carbonate precipitation provided the data necessary for a comparison of current sedimentation rates with long-term sediment accumulation measured by lead-210 dating and elevation surveys from the project. Three measures of water quality (salinity, turbidity and chlorophyll) indicate that the mudbanks are a dominant control on circulation. Understanding mudbank dynamics is critical to predicting future water quality of the Bay.

Productivity measurements in Florida Bay, including calcification and net photosynthesis, were performed using geochemical techniques that have proven successful for measuring production in carbonate reef and seagrass bed ecosystems (Smith 1973, Barnes 1983, Barnes and Devereux 1984, Frankignoulle and Disteche 1984, Gattuso et al. 1993). These measurements were used to provide insight into the discrepancy between long-term sediment accumulation rates (Stockman et. al,. 1967) and short-term production measurements (Bosence, 1989). Total alkalinity, pH, calcium concentrations, salinity, irradiance, temperature, wind and current speed, and air-sea CO2 and O2 fluxes were measured along transects across carbonate mud banks in Florida Bay. Transects were located parallel to unidirectional current flow across a given bank. Sample stations along each transect were positioned at the upstream, middle, and downstream ends of each transect. Geochemical and physical parameters were measured at each station along a transect at different times (and irradiances) during the day.

Total alkalinity and pH were used to calculate calcification and net photosynthesis using the alkalinity anomaly technique of Smith and Key (1975) such that calcification (C) = half the change in total alkalinity, and net photosynthesis (P) = total carbon-calcification. Total carbon was calculated using carbonate system equations from Millero (1979). Calcium measurements provided an independent measure of calcification for comparison. Air-sea CO2 fluxes were measured directly at each station inside of a floating bell (Sugiura et al. 1963, Frankignoulle and Disteche 1984, Frankignoulle 1988, Gattuso et al. 1993, Kayanne et al. 1995) using the procedure and calculations of Frankignoulle (1988). Air-sea O2 fluxes were determined by measuring atmospheric and water O2 and calculating fluxes as described in Wanninkhof (1992). Differences in oxygen and carbon metabolism between upstream and downstream stations will be corrected for O2 and CO2 exchange with the atmosphere as described in (Gattuso et al., 1993).

Productivity and metabolic rates per unit area were calculated using the difference in concentration between upstream and downstream stations, the volume of water transported along a transect, and the transect area such that the change in concentration of a parameter (dC/m2/s) = C/m3 x m3/hr)/m2 (Barnes and Devereux, 1984). Productivity data from multiple transects in Florida Bay were used to estimate daily production rates for Florida Bay. Comparison of these data with previous productivity estimates and sediment accumulation rates will indicate whether discrepancies between production and accumulation rates are due to measurement and calculation techniques or to some real change in the productivity of the Bay.

Process_Date: 2002
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: David Rudnick
Contact_Organization: Everglades Division, South Florida Water Management District
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 3301 Gun Club Road
City: West Palm Beach
State_or_Province: Fl
Postal_Code: 33407
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 561 682-6561
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: drudnic@sfwmd.gov

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Indirect_Spatial_Reference: Florida Bay

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.0001
Longitude_Resolution: 0.0001
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather S. Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 600 Fourth St. South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: hhenkel@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: Florida Bay Salinity Data
Distribution_Liability: The data have no implied or explicit guarantees
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ASCII
Format_Version_Number: unknown
Format_Information_Content:
Each file contains the salinity data for a specific date. Bottom salinity data were discontinued after December 2006.
Transfer_Size: 1.35
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/exchange/halley/halleysalt.html>
Access_Instructions: Data may be downloaded from the SOFIA web site
Fees: None

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather S. Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 600 Fourth St. South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: hhenkel@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: Florida Bay bottom types map
Distribution_Liability: The data have no implied or explicit guarantees
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ESRI shapefile
Format_Version_Number: 7.0
Format_Information_Content: Florida Bay Bottom Types map in UTM, Zone 17
File_Decompression_Technique: The files have been zipped and must be "unzipped" before use
Transfer_Size: 4.4
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/ofr/97-526/>
Access_Instructions: Files may be downloaded from the SOFIA website
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Adobe Acrobat pdf
Format_Version_Number: 5.0
Transfer_Size: 0.28
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/ofr/97-526/>
Access_Instructions: The file may be downloaded from the SOFIA website
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: JPEG
Format_Version_Date: 2000
Transfer_Size: 0.25
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/ofr/97-526/>
Access_Instructions: The file may be downloaded from the SOFIA website
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ESRI shapfile
Format_Version_Number: 7.0
Format_Information_Content: Florida Bay Bottom Types map (geographic projection)
File_Decompression_Technique: The file has been zipped and must be "unzipped" before use
Transfer_Size: 3.5
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/ofr/97-526/>
Access_Instructions: The file may be downloaded from the SOFIA website
Fees: none

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather S. Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 600 Fourth St. South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: hhenkel@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: Florida Bay Surface maps
Distribution_Liability: The data have no warranties explicit or implied
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: JPEG
Format_Information_Content: Each file contains a map for specific data for a specific date
Transfer_Size: 0.27
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/geo_monitor/maps/mps-surfaces/>
Access_Instructions: The maps may be downloaded from the SOFIA website
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Adobe PDF
Format_Information_Content: Each file contains a map for specific data for a specific date
Transfer_Size: 0.8
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/geo_monitor/maps/mps-surfaces/>
Access_Instructions: The maps may be downloaded from the SOFIA website
Fees: none

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather S. Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 600 Fourth St. South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: hhenkel@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: Florida Bay Air:Sea Carbon Dioxide Exchange maps
Distribution_Liability: No warrantees are implied or explicit for the data
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Adobe pdf
Format_Version_Number: unknown
Format_Information_Content: Each file contains a map for a specific date
Transfer_Size: 0.086
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/geo_monitor/maps/carbon-fluxes>
Access_Instructions: Maps may be downloaded from the SOFIA website
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: JPEG
Format_Version_Number: unknown
Format_Information_Content: Each file contains a map for a specific date
Transfer_Size: 0.2
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/geo_monitor/maps/carbon-fluxes>
Access_Instructions: Maps may be downloaded from the SOFIA website
Fees: none

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20110613
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 600 Fourth Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: sofia-metadata@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Access_Constraints: none
Metadata_Use_Constraints:
This metadata record may have been copied from the SOFIA website and may not be the most recent version. Please check <https://sofia.usgs.gov/metadata> to be sure you have the most recent version.

This page is <https://sofia.usgs.gov/metadata/sflwww/RHsedsal.html>

U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey
Comments and suggestions? Contact: Heather Henkel - Webmaster
Generated by mp version 2.8.18 on Mon Jun 13 16:44:18 2011