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Carbon Flux and Greenhouse Gasses of Restored and Degraded Greater Everglades Wetlands: Flux Tower Measurements of Water, Energy and Carbon Cycling in the Big Cypress National Preserve

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Barclay Shoemaker, U.S. Geological Survey
Originator: Christian Lopez, U.S. Geological Survey
Originator: David M. Sumner, U.S. Geological Survey
Originator: Troy Bernier
Originator: Katherine S. Petty, U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: Unpublished material
Title:
Carbon Flux and Greenhouse Gasses of Restored and Degraded Greater Everglades Wetlands: Flux Tower Measurements of Water, Energy and Carbon Cycling in the Big Cypress National Preserve
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Maps and Data
Online_Linkage:
<https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/index.php?project_url=cflux_ghousegas>
Description:
Abstract:
Greenhouse gas emissions, specifically carbon dioxide (CO2), are commonly linked with increasing global temperatures and rising sea-level. Of particular concern are rates of sea-level rise and carbon cycling including CO2 emissions or "footprints" of urban areas and the capacity of plant communities to absorb and release CO2. Defining and predicting ecosystem response to regional (e.g., freshwater discharge) and global (e.g., sea level rise) environmental change will require empirical baseline data on the functioning of water, energy and carbon cycles within Greater Everglades ecosystems. However, measurements of carbon and surface-energy cycling are sparse over plant communities within Department of Interior (DOI) managed lands in south Florida. Specifically, the quantity of CO2 absorbed or released annually within subtropical forests and wetlands as well as carbon and energy cycling in response to changes in hydrology, salinity, forest-fires and/or other factors are poorly known. To reduce these uncertainties, eddy-covariance flux stations were constructed by the U.S. Geological Survey and South Florida Water Management District in the Big Cypress National Preserve in 2006. Water, energy and carbon fluxes are empirically measured at these stations. The goals of the project are to (1) quantify key variables of interest to researchers and policy makers such as latent heat flux (the energy equivalent of evapotranspiration), sensible heat flux, incoming solar radiation, net radiation, changes in stored heat energy, albedos, Bowen ratios, net ecosystem production (NEP), gross ecosystem production (GEP), ecosystem respiration; (2) understand variability and linkages within water, energy and carbon-cycles imposed by both natural processes and regional / global stresses; and (3) publish project results in USGS reports and peer-reviewed journal papers.
Defining and predicting ecosystem response to regional (e.g., freshwater discharge) and global (e.g., sea level rise) environmental change will require empirical baseline data on the state and functioning of water, energy and carbon cycles within DOI lands. However, measurements of carbon and surface-energy cycling are sparse over plant communities within DOI managed lands in south Florida. This project intends to measure water and surface energy fluxes within the BCNP. We propose to begin carbon cycling measurements in 2012 and 2013, as time and funding permits. Plant communities selected for study included Pine Upland, Marsh, Cypress Swamp, and Dwarf Cypress. These plant communities are spatially extensive within DOI lands and resources.
Purpose:
The project objectives are to: (1) Quantify key variables in water energy and carbon cycles, such as latent heat flux (the energy equivalent of evapotranspiration), sensible heat flux, incoming solar radiation, net radiation, albedos, Bowen ratios, net ecosystem production (NEP), gross ecosystem production (GEP), and ecosystem respiration. (2) Understand variability and linkages within water energy and carbon-cycles imposed by both (a) natural processes and (b) secular regional and global stresses, such as changes in hydrology and sea-level rise. (3) Provide published water energy and carbon cycling data on the South Florida Information Access website (SOFIA) along with meta-data.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2011
Ending_Date: 201309
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: In work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent: Big Cypress National Preserve, Florida, USA
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -81.6
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -80.1
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 27.6
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 25.00000
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: latent heat flux
Theme_Keyword: omgsensible heat flux
Theme_Keyword: incoming solar radiation
Theme_Keyword: net radiation
Theme_Keyword: albedos
Theme_Keyword: Bowen ratios
Theme_Keyword: net ecosystem production (NEP
Theme_Keyword: gross ecosystem production (GEP)
Theme_Keyword: ecosystem respiration
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Categories
Theme_Keyword: Environment
Theme_Keyword: Inland waters
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1990, Counties and Equivalent Entities of the United States, Its Possessions, and Associated Areas, FIPS 6-3, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: Collier
Place_Keyword: Miami-Dade
Place_Keyword: Monroe
Place_Keyword: St. Lucie
Place_Keyword: Martin
Place_Keyword: Palm Beach
Place_Keyword: Broward
Place_Keyword: Hendry
Place_Keyword: Glades
Place_Keyword: Okeechobee
Place_Keyword: Highlands
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Geographic Names Info System
Place_Keyword: Big Cypress National Preserve
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
U.S. Department of Commerce, 1987, Codes for the identification of the States, the District of Columbia and the outlying areas of the United States, and associated areas (Federal Information Processing Standard 5-2): Washington, DC, NIST
Place_Keyword: Florida
Place_Keyword: FL
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
Cite primary authors and database when using or publishing these data.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: W. Barclay Shoemaker
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: U.S. Geological Survey
Address: 7500 SW 36th Street
City: Davie
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33314
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (954) 377-5956
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: bshoemak@usgs.gov
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: W. B. Shoemaker and D.M. Sumner
Publication_Date: 2006
Title:
ALTERNATE CORRECTIONS FOR ESTIMATING ACTUAL WETLAND EVAPOTRANSPIRATION FROM POTENTIAL EVAPOTRANSPIRATION
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Wetlands
Issue_Identification: 26(2):528-543
Online_Linkage:
<http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1672/0277-5212%282006%2926%5B528%3AACFEAW%5D2.0.CO%3B2?journalCode=wetl>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: W.B. Shoemaker, D.M. Sumner, A. Castillo
Publication_Date: 2005
Title:
Estimating changes in heat energy stored within a column of wetland surface water and factors controlling their importance in the surface energy budget
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: journal article
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Water Resources Research
Issue_Identification: Vol. 51, W10411
Online_Linkage: <http://fl.water.usgs.gov/PDF_files/JA_Shoemaker.pdf>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Shoemaker, W.B., and Lopez, C.D., and Duever, Michael
Publication_Date: 2011
Title:
Evapotranspiration over Spatially Extensive Plant Communities in the Big Cypress National Preserve, Southern Florida, 2007–2010
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: document
Series_Information:
Series_Name: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report
Issue_Identification: 2011–5212
Online_Linkage: <http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2011/5212/>

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report: Unavailable
Logical_Consistency_Report: Unavailable
Completeness_Report:
All parameters are not available for all sites. See Entity and Attribute Overview description for more detail.
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description: No process steps have been described for this data set
Process_Date: Unknown

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather S. Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 600 Fourth Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727-803-8747 x3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727-803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: hhenkel@usgs.gov
Distribution_Liability: The data have no explicit or implied guarantees.

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20130924
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather S. Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 600 Fourth Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727-803-8747 x3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727-803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: sofia-metadata@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name:
FGDC Biological Data Profile of the Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001.1-1999

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Last updated: 23 December, 2016 @ 01:49 PM (KP)