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Quantitative Sampling of Freshwater Fish Species within the Big Cypress National Preserve: A Long-Term Research Program to Evaluate the Ecological Effects of CERP

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
William F. Loftus (retired)

Jerome Lorenz

Publication_Date: 2005
Title:
Quantitative Sampling of Freshwater Fish Species within the Big Cypress National Preserve: A Long-Term Research Program to Evaluate the Ecological Effects of CERP
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: project
Online_Linkage:
<https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/index.php?project_url=aqancomm_dyn>
Description:
Abstract:
This project has several objectives, the foremost of which is to continue a program of aquatic study in Big Cypress National Preserve (BICY) begun in 2002. Work will be performed in partnership with National Audubon Society (NAS) and the National Park Service to design and implement a spatially and temporally explicit, quantitative sampling program for aquatic animals in BICY. This program will 1) provide baseline data which may be used to track changes in hydrology as a result of CERP projects 2) document the distribution, composition, and habitat use by native and introduced aquatic animals to evaluate the effects of CERP on BICY aquatic habitats, 3) provide ecological data for use in the ATLSS fish simulation model used to plan and evaluate restoration actions during CERP (presently, inappropriate data from the Everglades are being used in the model for cells that lie in BICY). The strategy used to accomplish these goals will be to employ techniques used by the co-principal investigators in establishing monitoring programs in the Everglades (since 1977) and the mangrove zone of Florida Bay (since 1989).
Purpose:
The goal of this project is to inventory the freshwater fish in the Big Cypress National Preserve, and simultaneously test sampling methods and designs for a long-term aquatic biota research program for the Preserve. A major ecosystem of the South Florida area, the Big Cypress Swamp, is poorly understood in biological terms. The Department of Interior is responsible for management of most of this system, which is part of the Everglades Restoration Program (CERP). To detect changes in natural and artificial habitats resulting from CERP restoration programs, baseline data on constituent aquatic communities and their ecology are needed before and after restoration actions. Fishes and aquatic invertebrates serve as indicators of the health of these wetlands. These organisms are also important because they are major prey for many of the characteristic South Florida predatory species, especially alligators and wading birds. This project will establish a long-term, quantitative monitoring program for prey-base aquatic organisms and is intended to detect changes in aquatic-animal populations resulting from CERP hydrologic alterations.
Supplemental_Information:
This project was previously titled Aquatic-Animal Community Dynamics in Seasonally Variable Wetlands of the Big Cypress Swamp and is a continuation of the project Inventory of Freshwater Fish Species within the Big Cypress National Preserve, with emphasis on methods testing to design a long-term aquatic-biotic sampling program
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20021001
Ending_Date: 20040930
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent: Big Cypress National Preserve
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -81.75
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -80.75
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 26.3
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 25.5
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Theme_Keyword: biology
Theme_Keyword: model
Theme_Keyword: habitat
Theme_Keyword: freshwater fishes
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: environment
Theme_Keyword: biota
Theme_Keyword: 002
Theme_Keyword: 007
Theme_Keyword: inlandWaters
Theme_Keyword: 012
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1995, Countries, Dependencies, Areas of Special Sovereignty, and Their Principal Administrative Divisions, Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 10-4, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: US
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
U.S. Department of Commerce, 1987, Codes for the identification of the States, the District of Columbia and the outlying areas of the United States, and associated areas (Federal Information Processing Standard 5-2): Washington, DC, NIST
Place_Keyword: Florida
Place_Keyword: FL
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1990, Counties and Equivalent Entities of the United States, Its Possessions, and Associated Areas, FIPS 6-3, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: Collier County
Place_Keyword: Monroe County
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Geographic Names Information System
Place_Keyword: Big Cypress National Preserve
Place_Keyword: Big Cypress Swamp
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Place_Keyword: SW Big Cypress
Taxonomy:
Keywords/Taxon:
Taxonomic_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Taxonomic_Keywords: animals
Taxonomic_Keywords: fish
Taxonomic_Keywords: multiple species
Taxonomic_System:
Classification_System/Authority:
Classification_System_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Turgeon, D. D.

Quinn, J. F., Jr.; Bogan, A. E.; Coan, E. V.; Hochberg, F. G.; Lyons, W. G.; Mikkelsen, P. M.; Neves, R. J.; Roper, C. F. E.; Rosenberg, G.; Roth, B.; Scheltema, A.; Thompson, F. G.; Vecchione, M.; Williams, J. D.

Publication_Date: 1998
Title:
Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: mollusks
Edition: 2nd
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Special Publication
Issue_Identification: 26
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Bethesda, MD
Publisher: American Fisheries Society
Taxonomic_Procedures:
Sampling was conducted according to a stratified design based on habitat type. The majority of sites were located within 250 meters of roads or trails passable by truck to simplify access. Sites were also reached by boat, all-terrain vehicle, helicopter, and airboat when these means of transportation were available. Habitat heterogeneity made random selection of sites difficult, particularly during the dry season, as no sufficiently detailed hydrology data existed to insure that randomly selected sites would be inundated. In those cases, sites were haphazardly selected to insure the presence of standing surface water.

The diversity of habitat types in Big Cypress presents considerable challenges to the development of a comprehensive sampling regime, as the effectiveness of any given methodology varies between habitats. To compensate for this, numerous techniques were employed during this study. A variety of fish traps have been used extensively, as well as electrofishing gear, gill nets, cast nets, dip nets, and angling.

The location of each sampling site was recorded as universal transverse mercator (UTM) coordinates using a Garmin Etrex Vista GPS.

Project personnel collected and curated representative vouchers for all captured species whenever practical. Specimens too large to effectively preserve have been documented photographically using a digital camera. Vouchers have been collected independently for each habitat type sampled. Additionally, to ensure complete spatial coverage of the preserve, vouchers of each species have been collected from the north, central, and southern regions of Big Cypress. Information regarding each voucher was entered into the project Access database, and each was assigned a unique identifier to link with related sampling information. Voucher collection is an ongoing process and will continue for the duration of the study. Upon completion of this project, vouchers will be transferred to an NPS-identified repository.

Taxonomic_Completeness:
For each sample, all specimens were identified to species, and total catch per species recorded. Total lengths.were measured for the first 20 randomly selected individuals of each species to obtain a representative size distribution. Water temperature, pH, salinity, and dissolved oxygen were measured for each site when possible, however, instrumentation problems precluded this for much of the year. Project personnel borrowed a Hydrolab 4a minisonde and datalogger from the BICY hydrology department to resolve these problems. For electrofishing expeditions, water conductivity was determined using a YSI-33 conductivity meter.
General_Taxonomic_Coverage: Specimens were identified to species
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Kingdom
Taxon_Rank_Value: Animalia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Phylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chordata
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subphylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Vertebrata
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Superclass
Taxon_Rank_Value: Osteichthyes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Actinopterygii
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subclass
Taxon_Rank_Value: Neopterygii
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Infraclass
Taxon_Rank_Value: Teleostei
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Superorder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Acanthopterygii
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Atheriniformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Atherinopsidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Menidiinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Labidesthes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Labidesthes sicculus
Applicable_Common_Name: brook silverside
Applicable_Common_Name: crayon d'argent
Applicable_Common_Name: brook silverside
Applicable_Common_Name: crayon d'argent
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Menidia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Menidia beryllina
Applicable_Common_Name: inland silverside
Applicable_Common_Name: tidewater silverside
Applicable_Common_Name: inland silverside
Applicable_Common_Name: tidewater silverside
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Beloniformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Suborder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Belonoidei
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Superfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Scomberesocoidea
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Belonidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Strongylura
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Strongylura marina
Applicable_Common_Name: Atlantic needlefish
Applicable_Common_Name: silver gar
Applicable_Common_Name: Atlantic needlefish
Applicable_Common_Name: silver gar
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Strongylura notata
Applicable_Common_Name: agujón de aletas rojas
Applicable_Common_Name: redfin needlefish
Applicable_Common_Name: agujón de aletas rojas
Applicable_Common_Name: redfin needlefish
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Strongylura timucu
Applicable_Common_Name: longjaw
Applicable_Common_Name: timucu
Applicable_Common_Name: timucú
Applicable_Common_Name: longjaw
Applicable_Common_Name: timucu
Applicable_Common_Name: timucú
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cyprinodontiformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Suborder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cyprinodontoidei
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cyprinodontidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cyprinodontinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Tribe
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cyprinodontini
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cyprinodon
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cyprinodon variegatus
Applicable_Common_Name: pipón
Applicable_Common_Name: sheepshead minnow
Applicable_Common_Name: sheepshead pupfish
Applicable_Common_Name: pipón
Applicable_Common_Name: sheepshead minnow
Applicable_Common_Name: sheepshead pupfish
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Floridichthys
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Floridichthys carpio
Applicable_Common_Name: goldspotted killifish
Applicable_Common_Name: ocellated killifish
Applicable_Common_Name: goldspotted killifish
Applicable_Common_Name: ocellated killifish
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Jordanella
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Jordanella floridae
Applicable_Common_Name: American flagfish
Applicable_Common_Name: flagfish
Applicable_Common_Name: American flagfish
Applicable_Common_Name: flagfish
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fundulidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Adinia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Adinia xenica
Applicable_Common_Name: diamond killifish
Applicable_Common_Name: diamond killifish
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fundulus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fundulus chrysotus
Applicable_Common_Name: golden topminnow
Applicable_Common_Name: golden topminnow
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fundulus confluentus
Applicable_Common_Name: marsh killifish
Applicable_Common_Name: marsh killifish
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fundulus grandis
Applicable_Common_Name: Gulf killifish
Applicable_Common_Name: Gulf killifish
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fundulus seminolis
Applicable_Common_Name: Seminole killifish
Applicable_Common_Name: Seminole killifish
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fundulus similis
Applicable_Common_Name: longnose killifish
Applicable_Common_Name: longnose killifish
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lucania
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lucania goodei
Applicable_Common_Name: blue-fintop minnow
Applicable_Common_Name: bluefin killifish
Applicable_Common_Name: blue-fintop minnow
Applicable_Common_Name: bluefin killifish
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lucania parva
Applicable_Common_Name: rainwater killifish
Applicable_Common_Name: rainwater killifish
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Poeciliidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Poeciliinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Belonesox
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Belonesox belizanus
Applicable_Common_Name: pike killifish
Applicable_Common_Name: piketop minnow
Applicable_Common_Name: pike killifish
Applicable_Common_Name: piketop minnow
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gambusia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gambusia holbrooki
Applicable_Common_Name: mosquitofish
Applicable_Common_Name: eastern mosquitofish
Applicable_Common_Name: mosquitofish
Applicable_Common_Name: eastern mosquitofish
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Heterandria
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Heterandria formosa
Applicable_Common_Name: dwarf livebearer
Applicable_Common_Name: least killifish
Applicable_Common_Name: dwarf livebearer
Applicable_Common_Name: least killifish
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Poecilia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Poecilia latipinna
Applicable_Common_Name: sailfin molly
Applicable_Common_Name: sailfin molly
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mugiliformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mugilidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mugil
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mugil cephalus
Applicable_Common_Name: black mullet
Applicable_Common_Name: gray mullet
Applicable_Common_Name: lisa
Applicable_Common_Name: striped mullet
Applicable_Common_Name: black mullet
Applicable_Common_Name: gray mullet
Applicable_Common_Name: lisa
Applicable_Common_Name: striped mullet
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Perciformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Suborder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Elassomatoidei
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Elassomatidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Elassoma
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Elassoma evergladei
Applicable_Common_Name: everglades pygmy sunfish
Applicable_Common_Name: everglades pygmy sunfish
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Suborder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gobioidei
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gobiidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Bathygobius
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Bathygobius soporator
Applicable_Common_Name: frillfin goby
Applicable_Common_Name: gobio mapo
Applicable_Common_Name: frillfin goby
Applicable_Common_Name: gobio mapo
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lophogobius
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lophogobius cyprinoides
Applicable_Common_Name: crested goby
Applicable_Common_Name: gobio encrestado
Applicable_Common_Name: crested goby
Applicable_Common_Name: gobio encrestado
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Microgobius
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Microgobius gulosus
Applicable_Common_Name: clown goby
Applicable_Common_Name: clown goby
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Suborder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Labroidei
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cichlidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Astronotus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Astronotus ocellatus
Applicable_Common_Name: oscar
Applicable_Common_Name: oscar
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cichlasoma
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cichlasoma bimaculatum
Applicable_Common_Name: black acara
Applicable_Common_Name: twospotted cichlid
Applicable_Common_Name: black acara
Applicable_Common_Name: twospotted cichlid
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cichlasoma urophthalma
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chiclasoma managuensis
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oreochromis
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oreochromis aureus
Applicable_Common_Name: blue tilapia
Applicable_Common_Name: blue tilapia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tilapia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tilapia mariae
Applicable_Common_Name: spotted tilapia
Applicable_Common_Name: spotted tilapia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Suborder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Percoidei
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Carangidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Caranx
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Caranx hippos
Applicable_Common_Name: crevalle jack
Applicable_Common_Name: jiguagua
Applicable_Common_Name: crevalle jack
Applicable_Common_Name: jiguagua
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Centrarchidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lepomis
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lepomis macrochirus
Applicable_Common_Name: bluegill
Applicable_Common_Name: crapet arlequin
Applicable_Common_Name: bluegill
Applicable_Common_Name: crapet arlequin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lepomis marginatus
Applicable_Common_Name: dollar sunfish
Applicable_Common_Name: dollar sunfish
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lepomis microlophus
Applicable_Common_Name: redear sunfish
Applicable_Common_Name: redear sunfish
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lepomis punctatus
Applicable_Common_Name: spotted sunfish
Applicable_Common_Name: spotted sunfish
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lepomis gulosus
Applicable_Common_Name: warmouth
Applicable_Common_Name: warmouth
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Micropterus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Micropterus salmoides
Applicable_Common_Name: achigan à grande bouche
Applicable_Common_Name: largemouth bass
Applicable_Common_Name: achigan à grande bouche
Applicable_Common_Name: largemouth bass
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pomoxis
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pomoxis nigromaculatus
Applicable_Common_Name: black crappie
Applicable_Common_Name: marigane noire
Applicable_Common_Name: black crappie
Applicable_Common_Name: marigane noire
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Centropomidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Centropominae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Centropomus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Centropomus undecimalis
Applicable_Common_Name: common snook
Applicable_Common_Name: róbalo común
Applicable_Common_Name: snook
Applicable_Common_Name: common snook
Applicable_Common_Name: róbalo común
Applicable_Common_Name: snook
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Echeneidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Echeneis
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Echeneis naucrates
Applicable_Common_Name: guaicán
Applicable_Common_Name: sharksucker
Applicable_Common_Name: guaicán
Applicable_Common_Name: sharksucker
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gerreidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eucinostomus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eucinostomus harengulus
Applicable_Common_Name: mojarra plateada
Applicable_Common_Name: spotfin mojarra
Applicable_Common_Name: mojarra plateada
Applicable_Common_Name: spotfin mojarra
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eucinostomus gula
Applicable_Common_Name: mojarra de ley
Applicable_Common_Name: silver jenny
Applicable_Common_Name: mojarra de ley
Applicable_Common_Name: silver jenny
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eugerres
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eugerres plumieri
Applicable_Common_Name: patao rayado
Applicable_Common_Name: striped mojarra
Applicable_Common_Name: patao rayado
Applicable_Common_Name: striped mojarra
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lutjanidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lutjaninae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lutjanus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lutjanus griseus
Applicable_Common_Name: caballerete
Applicable_Common_Name: gray snapper
Applicable_Common_Name: grey snapper
Applicable_Common_Name: caballerete
Applicable_Common_Name: gray snapper
Applicable_Common_Name: grey snapper
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Percidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Etheostoma
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Etheostoma fusiforme
Applicable_Common_Name: swamp darter
Applicable_Common_Name: swamp darter
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sciaenidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sciaenops
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sciaenops ocellatus
Applicable_Common_Name: red drum
Applicable_Common_Name: red drum
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sparidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Archosargus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Archosargus probatocephalus
Applicable_Common_Name: sheepshead
Applicable_Common_Name: sheepshead
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lagodon
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lagodon rhomboides
Applicable_Common_Name: chopa espina
Applicable_Common_Name: pinfish
Applicable_Common_Name: chopa espina
Applicable_Common_Name: pinfish
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pleuronectiformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Suborder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pleuronectoidei
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Achiridae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Achirus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Achirus lineatus
Applicable_Common_Name: acedía rayada
Applicable_Common_Name: lined sole
Applicable_Common_Name: acedía rayada
Applicable_Common_Name: lined sole
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Trinectes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Trinectes maculatus
Applicable_Common_Name: hogchoker
Applicable_Common_Name: hogchoker
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Synbranchiformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Suborder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Synbranchoidei
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Synbranchidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Monopterus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Monopterus albus
Applicable_Common_Name: rice eel
Applicable_Common_Name: swamp eel
Applicable_Common_Name: white ricefield eel
Applicable_Common_Name: rice eel
Applicable_Common_Name: swamp eel
Applicable_Common_Name: white ricefield eel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Superorder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Clupeomorpha
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Clupeiformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Suborder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Clupeoidei
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Engraulidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Engraulinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anchoa
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anchoa mitchilli
Applicable_Common_Name: anchoa de caleta
Applicable_Common_Name: bay anchovy
Applicable_Common_Name: anchoa de caleta
Applicable_Common_Name: bay anchovy
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Superorder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Elopomorpha
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anguilliformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Suborder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anguilloidei
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anguillidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anguilla
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anguilla rostrata
Applicable_Common_Name: American eel
Applicable_Common_Name: anguila
Applicable_Common_Name: anguila americana
Applicable_Common_Name: anguille d'Amérique
Applicable_Common_Name: American eel
Applicable_Common_Name: anguila
Applicable_Common_Name: anguila americana
Applicable_Common_Name: anguille d'Amérique
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Elopiformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Elopidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Elops
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Elops saurus
Applicable_Common_Name: banano
Applicable_Common_Name: ladyfish
Applicable_Common_Name: machete del Atlántico
Applicable_Common_Name: banano
Applicable_Common_Name: ladyfish
Applicable_Common_Name: machete del Atlántico
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Megalopidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Megalops
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Megalops atlanticus
Applicable_Common_Name: sábalo
Applicable_Common_Name: tarpon
Applicable_Common_Name: sábalo
Applicable_Common_Name: tarpon
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Superorder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ostariophysi
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cypriniformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Superfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cobitoidea
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Catostomidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Catostominae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Tribe
Taxon_Rank_Value: Moxostomatini
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Erimyzon
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Erimyzon sucetta
Applicable_Common_Name: lake chubsucker
Applicable_Common_Name: lake chubsucker
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Superfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cyprinoidea
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cyprinidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Notemigonus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Notemigonus crysoleucas
Applicable_Common_Name: golden shiner
Applicable_Common_Name: méné jaune
Applicable_Common_Name: golden shiner
Applicable_Common_Name: méné jaune
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Notropis
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Notropis maculatus
Applicable_Common_Name: taillight shiner
Applicable_Common_Name: taillight shiner
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Notropis petersoni
Applicable_Common_Name: coastal shiner
Applicable_Common_Name: coastal shiner
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Siluriformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ariidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Arius
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ariopsis felis
Applicable_Common_Name: bagre boca chica
Applicable_Common_Name: hardhead catfish
Applicable_Common_Name: bagre boca chica
Applicable_Common_Name: hardhead catfish
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Callichthyidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Callichthyinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Hoplosternum
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Hoplosternum littorale
Applicable_Common_Name: brown hoplo
Applicable_Common_Name: brown hoplo
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Clariidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Clarias
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Clarias batrachus
Applicable_Common_Name: clarias catfish
Applicable_Common_Name: walking catfish
Applicable_Common_Name: clarias catfish
Applicable_Common_Name: walking catfish
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ictaluridae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ameiurus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ameiurus natalis
Applicable_Common_Name: bagre torito amarillo
Applicable_Common_Name: barbotte jaune
Applicable_Common_Name: yellow bullhead
Applicable_Common_Name: bagre torito amarillo
Applicable_Common_Name: barbotte jaune
Applicable_Common_Name: yellow bullhead
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ameiurus nebulosus
Applicable_Common_Name: barbotte brune
Applicable_Common_Name: brown bullhead
Applicable_Common_Name: barbotte brune
Applicable_Common_Name: brown bullhead
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ictalurus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ictalurus punctatus
Applicable_Common_Name: bagre de canal
Applicable_Common_Name: barbue de rivière
Applicable_Common_Name: channel catfish
Applicable_Common_Name: graceful catfish
Applicable_Common_Name: bagre de canal
Applicable_Common_Name: barbue de rivière
Applicable_Common_Name: channel catfish
Applicable_Common_Name: graceful catfish
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Noturus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Noturus gyrinus
Applicable_Common_Name: chat-fou brun
Applicable_Common_Name: tadpole madtom
Applicable_Common_Name: chat-fou brun
Applicable_Common_Name: tadpole madtom
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Superorder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Protacanthopterygii
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Esociformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Esocidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Esox
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Esox americanus
Applicable_Common_Name: brochet d'Amérique (vermiculé)
Applicable_Common_Name: grass pickerel
Applicable_Common_Name: redfin or grass pickerel
Applicable_Common_Name: redfin pickerel
Applicable_Common_Name: brochet d'Amérique (vermiculé)
Applicable_Common_Name: grass pickerel
Applicable_Common_Name: redfin or grass pickerel
Applicable_Common_Name: redfin pickerel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Esox niger
Applicable_Common_Name: brochet maillé
Applicable_Common_Name: chain pickerel
Applicable_Common_Name: brochet maillé
Applicable_Common_Name: chain pickerel
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Amiiformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Amiidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Amia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Amia calva
Applicable_Common_Name: bowfin
Applicable_Common_Name: poisson-castor
Applicable_Common_Name: bowfin
Applicable_Common_Name: poisson-castor
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Semionotiformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lepisosteidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lepisosteus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lepisosteus platyrhincus
Applicable_Common_Name: Florida gar
Applicable_Common_Name: Florida gar
Access_Constraints: none
Use_Constraints: none
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Jerome J. Lorenz
Contact_Organization: National Audubon Society
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address:
Tavernier Science Center

115 Indian Mound Trail

City: Tavernier
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33070
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 305 852-5092
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 305 852-8012
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jlorenz@audubon.org
Data_Set_Credit:
Personnel from The National Audubon Society are collaborators in this project.
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Data are available as MS Access database and as MS Excel spreadsheet
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Loftus, William F.
Publication_Date: 2000
Title: Inventory of the fishes in Everglades National Park
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Florida Scientist
Issue_Identification: v. 63, n.1
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Orlando, FL
Publisher: Florida Academy of Sciences
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Lorenz, J. J.

McIvor, C. C.; Powell , G. V. N.; Frederick, P. C.

Publication_Date: 1997
Title:
A drop net and removable walkway used to quantitatively sample fishes over wetland surfaces in the dwarf mangroves of the southern Everglades
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Wetlands
Issue_Identification: v. 17, n. 3, p. 346-359
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: McLean, VA
Publisher: Society of Wetlands Scientists
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 8/1/2011

The full article is available via journal subscription or single article purchase. The abstract may be viewed on the website below.

Online_Linkage: <http://www.springerlink.com/content/526p87n765601540/>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Duever, M. J.

Carlson, J. E.; Meeder, J. F.; Duever, L. C.; Gunderson, L. H.; Riopelle, L. A.; Alexander, T. R.; Myers, R. F.; Spangler, D. P.

Publication_Date: 1979
Title:
Resource inventory and analysis of the Big Cypress National Preserve
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Naples, FL
Publisher:
Center for Wetlands, UF-Gainesville and National Audubon Society
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Loftus, W. F.

Eklund, A. M.

Publication_Date: 1994
Title: Long-term dynamics of an Everglades fish community
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Delray Beach, FL
Publisher: St. Lucie Press
Other_Citation_Details:
Chapter 19 in Everglades: the system and its restoration

S. Davis and J. C. Ogden, editors

Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Trexler, J. C.

Loftus, W. F.

Publication_Date: 2001
Title:
Analysis of relationships of Everglades fish with hydrology using long-term databases from Everglades National Park
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Miami, FL
Publisher: Florida International University
Other_Citation_Details:
Final report to Everglades National Park under FIU Cooperative Agreement CA5280-8-9003
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Trexler, J. C.

Loftus, W. F.; Jordan, F.; Chick, J. H.; Kandl, K. L.; McElroy, T. C.; Bass, Jr., O. L.

Publication_Date: 2001
Title:
Ecological scale and its implications for freshwater fishes in the Florida Everglades
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Boca Raton, FL
Publisher: CRC Press
Other_Citation_Details:
in The Everglades, Florida Bay, and coral reefs of the Florida Keys: an ecosystem sourcebook

J. W. Porter and K. G. Porter, editors


Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report: not applicable
Completeness_Report: not available
Lineage:
Methodology:
Methodology_Type: Field
Methodology_Description:
A variety of fish traps were used extensively as well as electrofishing gear, gill nets, cast nets, dip nets, and angling.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Duever et al (1979) identified 10 broadly defined habitat types within BICY based on dominant vegetation type; five of these habitats are considered freshwater: cypress forests, mixed swamp forests, mixed pine and cypress prairies, herbaceous prairies, and deep water sloughs and ponds. A sixth habitat (coastal marshes) is predominantly freshwater but is periodically inundated with marine waters. Although not considered by Duever et al. (1979), canals are also a significant part of the BICY landscape and can be considered as a separate freshwater habitat type. All seven habitats will be sampled in relation to habitat abundance with BICY. Sampling effort will be two-tiered. The first tier will include sites readily accessible via roadways or levees. These sites will be subjected to repeated sampling on a seasonal or quarterly basis, depending on hydrologic variability. The second tier will include more remote areas that cannot be accessed by automobile. These sites will be sampled less frequently. Selection of these sites will be determined based on the abundance of the given habitat type and possibility of access. Sampling of these areas will be done using BICYís helicopter and swamp buggy, and we plan to purchase an all-terrain vehicles, and use USGS airboats. NAS will provide a 4-wheel drive truck for the study. Special effort will be made to sample short hydroperiod wetlands during periods of flooding and to sample sub-habitats with conditions that make them unique or rare within BICY. Fieldwork will consist of a minimum of 9 field weeks or 45 field days.

Traditional fisheries collection techniques will be used throughout BICY to assess the composition of the freshwater ichthyofauna. Examples of collection techniques to be used are passive fish traps (e.g. minnow traps), pull seines, experimental gill nets, throw traps, cast nets, block nets, angling, visual surveys, electrofishing, and rotenone application (within enclosures or in small isolated water bodies). A combination of several of these techniques will used at each sampling location so as to reduce gear bias thereby promoting a more accurate census of the fish community. The habitat type and on-site conditions will determine which techniques will be used. Attention will be paid to sampling effort such that quantitative abundances of species can be made (i.e., catch per unit effort or catch per unit area). This is a particularly important part of the gear-testing phase of the first project year that will allow us to select the most appropriate gear for the long-term sampling study in FY04. Application of the proposed techniques is dependent upon BICY issuing the appropriate permits for such activities.

To collect data on aquatic animal community composition and dynamics in the Big Cypress Swamp, we will use the sampling protocol established in the cooperative program for the Everglades, to the extent possible to allow comparability of data. Linkages between the data collection in the Big Cypress Swamp and adjacent regions should produce system-wide tracking of aquatic animal communities, and will utilize the different habitat conditions in the regional compartments to assess animal responses.

Naturally, the habitat differences in the Big Cypress Swamp will require the use and testing of different methods. To examine seasonal habitat use by the aquatic animals, we intend to include a gradient from shallow marsh/swamp habitats to deeper pool/strand habitats at each sampling location. We anticipate sampling five times per year in February (winter), April (dry season), July (summer), October (wet season), and December (transition between wet and dry). This schedule uses the successful elements from the Everglades program-sampling regime to this study to reduce the amount of method development. In shallow habitats, the throw trap and minnow-trap arrays will be used to collect fishes and invertebrates. In deep strands, we plan to use a boat-mounted electrofisher to sample larger species. Specimens will be preserved and returned to the laboratory for identification and enumeration. The specimens will be saved as vouchers and for processing for life-history data. Large-bodied species will mainly be field-processed and returned alive, except for voucher and life-history samples. Correlative hydrological data will be gathered as discontinuous data from local staff gauges, and as continuous daily data from recording stations. Ancillary habitat data on vegetation cover and local water depths will be taken. During the dry season, it will be necessary to reach sample sites by hiring or borrowing a swamp buggy and/or helicopter, and by purchasing ATVís. In wet periods, a USGS airboat and van will be used for transport.

The pilot study must address questions at two scales: at the local scale of sampling plots in evaluating the best methods for collecting animals. The second level is at the landscape scale, to determine the sampling design. Because the habitats in the Swamp include forested wetlands, there will be an element of sampling method testing in that habitat. The literature contains methodologies developed for other forested wetlands in the southeast US, but these must be evaluated under local conditions. The large size of the Swamp and its diversity of habitats will make stratification of sampling effort necessary to adequately describe the functional responses of the fishes to environmental conditions, especially hydrology and stochastic disturbances. The pilot data will be evaluated with the help of the FCSC statistician before settling on a final design for the project. The project should cover the major habitat types in the ecosystem, but the actual number of sites will depend on the effort needed to sampling them and the resources available.

Process_Date: 2004
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Work planned for FY 2004 includes:

Specific sampling locations will be selected based on consultations with BICY hydrology staff and will be identified in the FY03 annual report (due September 30). Accessibility, and potential accuracy and precision of sampling gear, will be taken into account when selecting study sites. In general, locations for monitoring will be selected based on the potential to gather data for CERP projects that will affect hydrology. We anticipate that the most conspicuous effects will occur along the boarders of the Preserve. In particular, the decompartmentalization of WCA3 Project will alter freshwater flows along the eastern and southern peripheries. The proximal impact of the project will be along the eastern boundary of the Preserve, but the effects will also be transmitted downstream to the ecotonal areas between the freshwater and estuarine areas of the Preserve. Those regions will receive the most sampling attention. However, the western and northern boundaries may also be affected by CERP projects. In particular, the western Preserve may be affected by restoration efforts in the Southern Golden Glades Estates region and the Preserve. Although these effects may not be as pronounced as the eastern and southern areas, there is a possibility for hydrologic changes. Furthermore, it is important to have reference sites as part of a longterm sampling program. Low-impact areas of the Preserve will serve as control sites within our natural experiment so that the magnitude of changes in the high-impact areas may be measured using a BACI design (Before-After-Control-Impact comparisons). Sampling locations in the interior and along the western periphery should be ideal candidates for low-impact sampling sites.

Similar suites of aquatic habitats within these sectors will be routinely sampled. Our preliminary results suggest that cypress sloughs, freshwater prairies and marshes, and ecotonal swamps and marshes may be ideal for monitoring sites. Sampling within these habitat types will be stratified between ephemeral wetlands and deep-water, dry season refugia for aquatic organisms. For example, alligator holes or ditches adjacent to wetlands will be routinely sampled to quantify the seasonal movements of fishes along a depth gradient. The concentration of prey species into these refugia is particularly important to understanding wading-bird foraging patterns within the Big Cypress region.

The habitat being sampled will determine the sampling protocols. We will use the sampling protocol established in the cooperative program for the Everglades, to the extent possible to allow comparability of data (Trexler et al. 2002). This will allow for linkages between the data collection in the Big Cypress Swamp to adjacent regions within the Greater Everglades. The goal would be to produce a system-wide tracking of aquatic animal communities, and will utilize the different habitat conditions in the regional compartments to assess animal responses. However, it must be recognized that habitats within the Preserve are more diverse than in the Everglades and will require that other methods be used in unique habitats. The findings of the first-year pilot study allow us to suggest the following sampling designs for target habitats. However, until monitoring sites are established it must be recognized that our approach must be somewhat plastic so as to adapt to unforeseen inherent idiosyncrasies associated with any sampling site.

In shallow marsh habitats, the throw trap and drift-fence/minnow-trap arrays (Loftus et al. 2002) used in EVER will be used to collect fishes and invertebrates. In forested areas, complex root and stem systems preclude the use of throw traps, so a modified drop trap method will be substituted for throw trapping, however, the drift-fence arrays will still be useful in these areas. In deep strands, alligator holes, and ditches, we plan to use a boat-mounted electrofisher to sample larger species (Nelson and Loftus 1996). Specimens will be preserved and returned to the laboratory for identification and enumeration. The specimens will be saved as vouchers and for processing for life-history data. Large-bodied species will mainly be field-processed and returned alive, except for voucher and life-history samples. Correlative hydrological data will be gathered as discontinuous data from local staff gauges, and as continuous daily data from recording stations. Ancillary habitat data on vegetation cover and local water depths will be taken. We will purchase data-logging water-quality units to record seasonal physico-chemical characteristics of the habitats, such as dissolved oxygen, pH, specific conductance, and temperature. During the dry season, it will be necessary to reach sample sites by hiring or borrowing a swamp buggy and/or helicopter, or by ATVís. In wet periods, the USGS airboat and a van will be used for transport.

We anticipate sampling five times per year in February (winter), April (dry season), July (summer), October (wet season), and December (transition between wet and dry). This schedule uses the successful elements from the Everglades program-sampling regime to this study to reduce the amount of method development. The number of monitoring sites established will be ambitious and will cover all suitable habitat types along the Preserve periphery as described above. However, the actual number of sites will depend on the effort needed to sampling them and the resources available. The collection effort should be supported for a minimum of three years to sample across a range of climatic conditions.

Process_Date: 2004
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Jerome J. Lorenz
Contact_Organization: National Audubon Society
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address:
Tavernier Science Center

115 Indian Mound Trail

City: Tavernier
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33070
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 305 852-5092
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 305 852-8012
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jlorenz@audubon.org

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Indirect_Spatial_Reference: Big Cypress National Preserve

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather S. Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 600 Fourth St. South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: hhenkel@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: Big Cypress National Preserve Fish Inventory & Monitoring Data
Distribution_Liability: No warrantees are implied or explicit for the data
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Access
Format_Version_Number: 1997
Transfer_Size: 1.52
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/exchange/loftus_bicy>
Access_Instructions: Log onto the SOFIA website at <https://sofia.usgs.gov>
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Excel
Format_Version_Number: 2000
Transfer_Size: 0.023
Digital_Transfer_Option:
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Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/exchange/loftus_bicy>
Access_Instructions: Log onto the SOFIA website at <https://sofia.usgs.gov>
Fees: none

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20110801
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 600 Fourth Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: sofia-metadata@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name:
Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata Part 1: Biological Data Profile
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001.1-1999
Metadata_Access_Constraints: none
Metadata_Use_Constraints:
This metadata record may have been copied from the SOFIA website and may not be the most recent version. Please check <https://sofia.usgs.gov/metadata> to be sure you have the most recent version.

This page is <https://sofia.usgs.gov/metadata/sflwww/aqancomm_dyn.html>

U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey
Comments and suggestions? Contact: Heather Henkel - Webmaster
Generated by mp version 2.8.18 on Mon Aug 01 22:01:50 2011