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Fire Ecology of South Florida Wetlands

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: James R. Snyder
Publication_Date: 2006
Title: Fire Ecology of South Florida Wetlands
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: reports
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/fire/>
Description:
Abstract:
The project objective is to determine the importance that season of burning has on the response of vegetation to fire. We have addressed this through the use of experimental prescribed fires at different times of the year. In Big Cypress National Preserve we have established a long-term study of season and frequency of burning in the unlogged hydric pinelands of the Raccoon Point area. This study includes three seasonal treatments: winter (dry season), spring (early wet season) and summer (mid wet season). A shorter study comparing the response to winter and summer burns was carried out in the pine rocklands on Big Pine Key. We are also studying the effect of season of burning on muhly grass (Muhlenbergia filipes), a component of hydric pinelands and often a dominant in short-hydroperiod wetlands known as muhly or marl prairies. We are conducting field and nursery studies to determine how the season of burning effects the rate of recovery of muhly and its ability to tolerate flooding.
Purpose:
Prescribed fire constitutes one of the most pervasive management actions influencing the restoration and maintenance of the Greater Everglades Ecosystem. It is generally assumed that lightning-ignited fires were common at the beginning of the rainy season, but there have probably been human-caused fires at other times for the last several thousand years. Since lighting-ignited fire cannot be allowed to operate naturally in South Florida, prescribed (or management-ignited) fire must be used to maintain these habitats. The seasonal occurrence of fire can have an important influence on ecological responses. We have conducted a set of experimental studies to determine the response of vegetation to different seasons of burning. The results of this work will influence the fire management of the publicly owned lands in the Greater Everglades ecosystem.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1996
Ending_Date: 20040930
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent: South Florida wetlands
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -81.5
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -80.75
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 26.48
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 24.65
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Theme_Keyword: biology
Theme_Keyword: ecology
Theme_Keyword: vegetation
Theme_Keyword: marl prairies
Theme_Keyword: fire management
Theme_Keyword: prescribed fire program
Theme_Keyword: wildland fire
Theme_Keyword: pine rocklands
Theme_Keyword: pinelands
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: biota
Theme_Keyword: environment
Theme_Keyword: inlandWaters
Theme_Keyword: 002
Theme_Keyword: 007
Theme_Keyword: 012
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1995, Countries, Dependencies, Areas of Special Sovereignty, and Their Principal Administrative Divisions, Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 10-4, Washington, D.C., National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: US
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
U.S. Department of Commerce, 1987, Codes for the identification of the States, the District of Columbia and the outlying areas of the United States, and associated areas (Federal Information Processing Standard 5-2): Washington, D. C., NIST
Place_Keyword: Florida
Place_Keyword: FL
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1990, Counties and Equivalent Entities of the United States, Its Possessions, and Associated Areas, FIPS 6-3, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: Monroe County
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Geographic Names Information System
Place_Keyword: Everglades National Park
Place_Keyword: Big Cypress National Preserve
Place_Keyword: Big Pine Key
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Place_Keyword: SW Big Cypress
Place_Keyword: Raccoon Point
Temporal:
Temporal_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Temporal_Keyword: early wet season
Temporal_Keyword: mid wet season
Temporal_Keyword: dry season
Temporal_Keyword: winter
Temporal_Keyword: spring
Temporal_Keyword: summer
Taxonomy:
Keywords/Taxon:
Taxonomic_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Taxonomic_Keywords: plants
Taxonomic_Keywords: single species
Taxonomic_System:
Classification_System/Authority:
Classification_System_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
U.S. Department of Agriculture - Agricultural Research Service (ARS)

U.S. Department of Agriculture - Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) Department of the Interior - U.S. Geological Survey Department of Commerce - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Smithsonian Institution - National Museum of Natural History (NMNH)

Publication_Date: 2000
Title: Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Database
Other_Citation_Details:
Retrieved from the Integrated Taxonomic Information System on-line database, <http://www.itis.gov>.
Online_Linkage: <http://www.itis.gov>
Taxonomic_Procedures: visual observation in the field
Taxonomic_Completeness: not available
General_Taxonomic_Coverage: Muhly grass is identified to species-variety
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Kingdom
Taxon_Rank_Value: Plantae
Applicable_Common_Name: plants
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subkingdom
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tracheobionta
Applicable_Common_Name: vascular plants
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Division
Taxon_Rank_Value: Magnoliophyta
Applicable_Common_Name: angiosperms
Applicable_Common_Name: flowering plants
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Liliopsida
Applicable_Common_Name: monocotyledons
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subclass
Taxon_Rank_Value: Commelinidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cyperales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Poaseae
Applicable_Common_Name: grasses
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Muhlenbergia
Applicable_Common_Name: muhly
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Muhlenbergia capillaris
Applicable_Common_Name: hairawn muhly
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Variety
Taxon_Rank_Value: muhlenbergia capillaris var. Filipes
Applicable_Common_Name: Gulf muhly
Applicable_Common_Name: gulfhairawn muhly
Access_Constraints: none
Use_Constraints:
These data are subject to change and are not citeable until reviewed and approved for official publication.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: James R. Snyder
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address:
Big Cypress National Preserve Field Station

33100 Tamiami Trail E.

City: Ochopee
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 34141-1000
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 239 695-1180
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 239 695-3007
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jim_snyder@usgs.gov
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name:
<https://sofia.usgs.gov/geer/2000/posters/fire/images/locationmapx.gif>
Browse_Graphic_File_Description: location map
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: GIF
Data_Set_Credit: Project personnel include Curt Scheaffer
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Avery, G. N.

Loope, L. L.

Publication_Date: 1980
Title: Endemic taxa in the flora of south Florida
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: South Florida Research Center Report
Issue_Identification: T-558
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Homestead, FL
Publisher: National Park Service
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Robertson, W. B.
Publication_Date: 1953
Title: A survey of the effects of fire in Everglades National Park
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Homestead, FL
Publisher: National Park Service
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Snyder, J. R.

Herndon, A., Robertson, W. B.

Publication_Date: 1990
Title: South Florida rockland
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Book chapter
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Orlando, FL
Publisher: University of Florida Press
Other_Citation_Details:
in Ecosystems of Florida

Ronald L. Myers and John J. Ewel, editors

Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Wade. D.

Ewel, J., Hofstetter, R.

Publication_Date: 1980
Title: Fire in south Florida ecosystems
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: General Technical Report
Issue_Identification: SE -17
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Ashville, NC
Publisher:
United States Forest Service Southeastern Forest Experiment Station
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Snyder, James B.

Ross, Michael S., Koptur, Suzanne, Sah, Jay P.

Publication_Date: 2005
Title:
Developing Ecological Criteria for Prescribed Fire in South Florida Pine Rockland Ecosystems
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Open-File Reort
Issue_Identification: 2006-1062
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Tallahassee, FL
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage:
<http://fl.water.usgs.gov/Miami/pineland/ofr2006_1062_snyder.html>

Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report: not applicable
Completeness_Report: not available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The experimental study has been set up in eastern Big Cypress National Preserve, where the most extensive unlogged stands of south Florida slash pine (Pinus elliottii var. densa) remain. The pinelands exist as a mosaic of slightly elevated "islands" within a matrix of cypress domes and dwarf cypress prairies. The substrate is a shallow layer of sand over limestone bedrock, making these pinelands transitional between the true rockland pine forests of the Miami Rock Ridge and the widespread pine flatwoods to the north. The study site of 2573 ha surrounds the Raccoon Point oil field and is divided into 18 experimental burn units. Each burn unit includes at least 50 ha of pine forest. Within each unit, three permanent 1.0 ha tree plots were established. In each plot, trees with diameter at breast height (dbh) > 5.0 cm are tagged and mapped. Smaller 0.1 ha vegetation plots are located in the center of each tree plot and at two additional locations in order to sample herbaceous and shrubby vegetation. There are a total of 54 tree plots and 90 vegetation plots. The tree plots (containing a total of 16,370 trees) show the Raccoon Point pinelands to have average stand densities (trees/ha) of 227 pines, 53 cabbage palms and 24 cypress.
Process_Date: 2000
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Work for FY 2004:

Season of burning in South Florida pinelands

The fieldwork has been completed and the work will consist of data analysis and reporting. The experimental burns for the long-term study of season and frequency will continue to be carried out by the Big Cypress NPS fire management staff. If a source of subsidized labor is available (perhaps NPS fire crew or SCA interns), all 54 permanent tree plots will be revisited and tree diameters remeasured. The trees were last measured in 1995.

Seasonal fire effects on muhly grass

Experimental studies have been established at 3 sites in Big Cypress. A large number of marked muhly individuals were burned over a 6-month period beginning January 2003 and the height of regrowth is measured periodically. Measurements will continue monthly until May 2004. Flowering culms will be counted in October. A companion study utilizing potted plants and large tubs was also set up. Some plants were burned periodically over a five month period. During June 2003 the plants were placed in large tubs in which water levels are maintained either at the ground surface, 10 cm above the ground surface, or 20 cm above the ground surface. Water levels will be dropped beginning in September. The height of the regrowth is measured periodically and the aboveground biomass will be harvested in May 2004.

Process_Date: 2004
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: James R. Snyder
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address:
Big Cypress National Preserve Field Station

33100 Tamiami Trail E.

City: Ochopee
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 34141-1000
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 239 695-1180
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 239 695-3007
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jim_snyder@usgs.gov

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: James R. Snyder
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address:
Big Cypress National Preserve Field Station

33100 Tamiami Trail E.

City: Ochopee
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 34141-1000
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 239 695-1180
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 239 695-3007
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jim_snyder@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: vegetation response to fire
Distribution_Liability: The data have no implied or explicit guarantees
Standard_Order_Process:
Non-digital_Form: unknown
Fees: none
Ordering_Instructions: Contact James Snyder for data from this project.

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20070123
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 600 Fourth Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: sofia-metadata@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name:
Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata Part 1: Biological Data Profile
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001.1-1999

This page is <https://sofia.usgs.gov/metadata/sflwww/fire_ecol_sfl_04.html>

U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Center for Coastal Geology
Comments and suggestions? Contact: Heather Henkel - Webmaster
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