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Freshwater Flows to Northeastern Florida Bay

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Eduardo Patino

Clint Hittle; Mark Zucker; Jeff Woods

Publication_Date: 2011
Title: Freshwater Flows to Northeastern Florida Bay
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: project
Online_Linkage:
<https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/index.php?project_url=freshwtr_flow>
Description:
Abstract:
In 1995, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) began a study to gage several major creeks that discharge freshwater into northeastern Florida Bay. This study provides flow, salinity, and water-level data for model development and calibration and also provides baseline data for other physical, biological and chemical studies being conducted in the area.

The monitoring network provides coastal discharge data for the majority of estuarine creeks in northeastern Florida Bay. The timing and distribution of freshwater deliveries to northeastern Florida Bay have been documented since 1996. In 2003 the USGS coastal and estuarine unit also began calculating nutrient loads at selected sites in northeastern Florida Bay and along the southwestern Everglades coast. The larger network has provided discharge information to researchers to develop nutrient budgets and loading (Rudnick, 1999; Sutula and others, 2003; Davis, 2004; and Levesque, 2004).

Purpose:
In South Florida, changes in water-management practices to accommodate a large and rapidly growing urban population along the Atlantic coast, as well as intensive agricultural activities, have resulted in a highly managed hydrologic system. This managed system altered the natural hydrology of the Everglades ecosystem, including Florida Bay. During the last few decades, Florida Bay has experienced seagrass die-offs and algal blooms. Both are signals of ecological deterioration that has been attributed to increases in salinity and nutrient content of bay waters. With plans to restore water levels in the Everglades to more natural conditions, changes also are expected in the amount and timing of freshwater discharge through the major creeks into Florida Bay. Flow through the estuarine creeks through the Buttonwood Embankment and into Florida Bay is naturally controlled by the water level in the Everglades; regional wind patterns; and to a lesser extent, tides. Florida Bay restoration requires an understanding of the linkage between the amount of freshwater flowing into the bay and the salinity and quality of the bay environment. Historically, there has been no accurate quantification of the amount of freshwater being discharged into Florida Bay from the mainland due to the difficulties of accurately gaging flows in shallow, bi-directional, and vertically stratified streams.

The project objectives are to determine the quantity, timing and distribution of freshwater flow into Florida Bay and adjacent estuaries, determine baseline hydrologic conditions and provide information on hydrologic change during the restoration process. This project helps determine how freshwater flow affects the health of Florida Bay, a critical component of the CERP, and how changes in water-management practices upstream (Taylor Slough and C-111 basins) directly influence flow and salinity conditions in the estuary.

Supplemental_Information:
The project managers for this study include Eduardo Patino (1995-2000), Clinton Hittle (2001-2003), and Mark Zucker (2003 -present).
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 199510
Ending_Date: 20100930
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: in work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: Continually
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -80.8
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -80.3
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 25.3
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 24.9
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Theme_Keyword: salinity
Theme_Keyword: water level
Theme_Keyword: flow
Theme_Keyword: nutrients
Theme_Keyword: chemistry
Theme_Keyword: hydrology
Theme_Keyword: monitoring
Theme_Keyword: estuaries
Theme_Keyword: freshwater flow
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: environment
Theme_Keyword: inlandWaters
Theme_Keyword: 007
Theme_Keyword: 012
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1995, Countries, Dependencies, Areas of Special Sovereignty, and Their Principal Administrative Divisions, Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 10-4, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: US
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
U.S. Department of Commerce, 1987, Codes for the identification of the States, the District of Columbia and the outlying areas of the United States, and associated areas (Federal Information Processing Standard 5-2): Washington, DC, NIST
Place_Keyword: Florida
Place_Keyword: FL
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1990, Counties and Equivalent Entities of the United States, Its Possessions, and Associated Areas, FIPS 6-3, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: Miami-Dade County
Place_Keyword: Monroe County
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Place_Keyword: Central Everglades
Place_Keyword: East Highway Creek
Place_Keyword: West Highway Creek
Place_Keyword: Stillwater Creek
Place_Keyword: Oregon Creek
Place_Keyword: Taylor Slough Wetland
Place_Keyword: C-111 wetland
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Geographic Names Information System
Place_Keyword: Alligator Bay
Place_Keyword: East Creek
Place_Keyword: Jewfish Creek
Place_Keyword: McCormick Creek
Place_Keyword: Mud Creek
Place_Keyword: Trout Creek
Place_Keyword: Joe Bay
Place_Keyword: Taylor River
Place_Keyword: Florida Bay
Place_Keyword: Everglades National Park
Access_Constraints: none
Use_Constraints: none
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Mark Zucker
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 7500 SW 36th St..
City: Davie
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33314
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 954 377-5952
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: mzucker@usgs.gov
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name:
<https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/freshwtr_flow/fwflowmap/index.html>
Browse_Graphic_File_Description: map of data collection sites in Northeastern Florida Bay
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: GIF
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/exchange/realtime_gw/location.html>
Browse_Graphic_File_Description: map showing South Florida Real-Time Ground Water stations
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: JPEG
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: <http://fl.water.usgs.gov/Miami/hurricane/>
Browse_Graphic_File_Description: map showing USGS South Florida Coastal Stations
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: JPEG
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name:
<https://sofia.usgs.gov/exchange/zucker_woods_patino/location.html>
Browse_Graphic_File_Description: map showing location of Florida Bay sites
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: GIF
Data_Set_Credit:
Project personnel include Marc Stewart, Barclay Shoemaker, Paul Stumpner, Shane Ploos, Christian Lopez, Rich Kachelriess, Carrie Boudreau, Stephen Huddleston, and Jessica Adams
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Data are available as ASCII comma-separated value (.csv) files or tab-delimited text files
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Hittle, Clinton

Patino, Eduardo; Zucker, Mark

Publication_Date: 2001
Title:
Freshwater flow from estuarine creeks into northeastern Florida Bay
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Water-Resources Investigations Report
Issue_Identification: 01-4164
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details: accessed as of 5/23/2011
Online_Linkage: <http://fl.water.usgs.gov/Abstracts/wri01_4164_hittle.html>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Hittle, Clinton D.

Zucker, Mark A.

Publication_Date: 2004
Title:
Northeastern Florida Bay estuarine creek data, Water Years 1996-2000
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: maps and data
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Digital Data Series
Issue_Identification: DS 105
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Tallahassee, FL
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details: accessed as of 5/25/2011
Online_Linkage: <http://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/ds105/>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Price, C.

Woolverton, J.; Overton, K.

Publication_Date: 2004
Title:
Water Resources Data for Florida, 2004, Volume 2A: South Florida Surface Water
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Water Data Report
Issue_Identification: FL-04-2A
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Florida
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details: accessed as of 7/11/2011
Online_Linkage:
<https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/reports/wtr_resources_data/WY04/index.html>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Fourqurean, J. W.

Robblee, M. B.

Publication_Date: 1999
Title: Florida Bay: a history of recent ecological changes
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Estuaries
Issue_Identification: v. 22, n.2B
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: New York
Publisher: Springer New York
Other_Citation_Details: accessed as of 5/23/2011
Online_Linkage:
<http://www.springerlink.com/content/vh24236250573557/fulltext.pdf>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Rudnick, D. T.

Chen, Z.; Childers, D. L.; Boyer, J. N.; Fontaine, T. D.

Publication_Date: 1999
Title:
Phosphorus and nitrogen inputs to Florida Bay: the importance of the Everglades watershed
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Estuaries
Issue_Identification: v. 22, n. 2B
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: New York, New York
Publisher: Springer New York
Other_Citation_Details: accessed as of 7/8/2011
Online_Linkage:
<http://www.springerlink.com/content/y5557qh826268583/fulltext.pdf>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Levesque, Victor A.
Publication_Date: 2004
Title:
Water Flow and Nutrient Flux from Five Estuarine Rivers along the Southwest Coast of the Everglades National Park
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Scientific Investigations Report
Issue_Identification: 2004-5142
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details: accessed as of 7/8/2011
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/sir/2004-5142>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Davis, S. E. III

Cable, J. E.; Childers, D. L.; Coronado-Molina, C.; Day, J. W.; Hittle, C. D.; Madden, C. J.; Reyes, E.; Rudnick, D.; Sklar, F.

Publication_Date: 2004
Title:
Importance of storm events in controlling ecosystem structure and function in a Florida Gulf Coast estuary
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Journal of Coastal Research
Issue_Identification: v. 20, n. 4, p. 1198-1208
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Royal Palm Beach, FL
Publisher: Coastal Education and Research Foundation (CERF)
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 7/8/2011

The full article is available via journal subscription or single article purchase. The abstract may be viewed on the website below.

Online_Linkage: <http://www.jcronline.org/doi/abs/10.2112/03-0072R.1>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Price, C.

Overton, K.

Publication_Date: 2005
Title:
Water Resources Data for Florida, 2005, Volume 2A, South Florida Surface Water USGS Water-Data Report FL-05-2A
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: maps and data
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Water-Data Report
Issue_Identification: FL-05-2A
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Florida
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 7/8/2011

The data are part of the Stage, Discharge, and Water Quality of Steams section

Online_Linkage:
<https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/reports/wtr_resources_data/WY05/bottle.html>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Sutula, M. A.

Perez, B. C.; Reyes, E.; Childers, D. L.; Davis, S.; Day, J. R.; Rudnick, D.; Sklar, F.

Publication_Date: 2003
Title:
Factors affecting spatial and temporal variability in material exchange between the Southern Everglades wetlands and Florida Bay (USA)
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Esturaine, Coastal and Shelf Science
Issue_Identification: v. 57, issues 5-6, p. 757-781
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Amsterdam. The Netherlands
Publisher: Elsevier B. V,
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 7/8/2011

The full article is available via journal subscription or single article purchase. The abstract may be viewed on the website below.

Online_Linkage:
<http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0272771402004031>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 2007
Title: Water-Resources Data for the United States: Water Year 2007
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: maps and data
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Water Data Report
Issue_Identification: Water Year 2007
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: online
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 7/1/2011

The link below goes to selected stations for south Florida

Online_Linkage:
<https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/reports/wtr_resources_data/WY07/index.html>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 2006
Title: Water-Resources Data for the United States: Water Year 2006
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: maps and data
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Water Data Report
Issue_Identification: Water Year 2006
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: online
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 7/1/2011

The link below goes to selected stations for south Florida

Online_Linkage:
<https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/reports/wtr_resources_data/WY06/index.html>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Zucker, M.

Boudreau, C.

Publication_Date: 2010
Title: Sediment Transport on Cape Sable, Everglades National Park, FL
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: unknown
Publisher: Joint Federal Interagency Conference
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 7/8/2011

This paper is from the Proceedings of the Joint Federal Interagency Conference June 27 - July 1, 2010 in Las Vegas, NV. The Joint Conference included the 9th Federal Interagency Sedimentation Conference and the 4th Federal Interagency Hydrologic Modeling Conference.

Online_Linkage:
<https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/papers/sedtrans_csable/index.html>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Woods, J.
Publication_Date: 2010
Title:
Surface water discharge and salinity monitoring of coastal estuaries in Everglades National Park, U.S.A., in support of the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: unknown
Publisher:
3rd International Perspective on Current and Future State of Water Resources and the Environment
Other_Citation_Details:
acessed as of 7/8/2011

This paper is from the proceedings of the 3rd International Perspective on Current and Future State of Water Resources and the Environment, Chennai, India

Online_Linkage:
<https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/papers/swdis_salmon/index.html>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Woods, J.

Zucker, M.

Publication_Date: 2007
Title:
Estuarine Response in Northeastern Florida Bay to Major Hurricanes in 2005
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Circular
Issue_Identification: 1306, Chapter 6, p. 183-190
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Lafayette, LA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, National Wetlands Research Center
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 7/8/2011

This article is an excerpt from USGS Circular 1306, pp. 183-190

Online_Linkage: <http://pubs.usgs.gov/circ/1306/pdf/c1306_ch6_i.pdf>
Larger_Work_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Farris, G. S.; Smith, G. J.; Crane, M. P.; Demas, C. R.; Robbins, L. L.; Lavoie, D. L., editors
Publication_Date: 2007
Title:
Science and the Storms: The USGS Response to the Hurricanes of 2005
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Circular
Issue_Identification: 1306
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Lafayette, LA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, National Wetlands Research Center
Other_Citation_Details: accesssed as of 7/8/2011
Online_Linkage: <http://pubs.usgs.gov/circ/1306/>

Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Parameters collected at the stations are stage, salinity (surface and bottom), velocity (published as discharge), and temperature (surface and bottom). Some stations also have filtered discharge.
Completeness_Report:
Data available for the stations include:

Alligator Creek stage & discharge 4/24/2007 - 9/30//2010 East Creek stage & discharge 5/17/2006 - 9/30/2010 East Highway Creek stage & discharge 8/9/2001 - 9/30/2010 Jewfish Creek stage, surface & bottom temp, surface & bottom saliniity, discharge, filtered discharge 9/30/1997 - 9/30/2010 McCormick Creek stage, surface & bottom temp, surface & bottom salinity, discharge 10/10/1995 - 9/30/2010 Mud Creek stage, surface & bottom temp, surface & bottom salinity, discharge 10/15/1995 - 9/30/2010 Oregon Creek stage & discharge 7/19/2001 - 9/30/2010 Stillwater Creek stage, surface & bottom temp, surface & bottom salinity, discharge 4/28/1999 - 9/30/2010 Taylor River Mouth stage, surface & bottom temp, surface & bottom salinity, discharge 10/2/1995 - 9/30/2010 Trout Creek stage, surface & bottom temp, surface & bottom salinity, discharge 1/21/1996 - 9/30/2010 Upstream Taylor River stage, surface & bottom temp, surface & bottom salinity, discharge 7/30/1997 - 9/30/2010 West Highway Creek stage, surface & bottom temp, surface & bottom salinity, discharge 2/7/1996 - 9/30/2010

Click on the individual stations in the South Florida Hydrology Database for a summary of the available data.

Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report: unknown
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Water flow, salinity, stage (water level), and temperature information along the mangrove zone is provided through this project to study the extent of the effects that water management practices on the mainland have on the quality of the Florida Bay environment. Seven fixed data collection platforms (DCP's) are located on the major creeks which flow into northeastern Florida Bay from the wetland. The DCP's collect continuous 15 minute-data which is then transmitted via satellite to the USGS office in Miami, Florida. Hydrodynamic modelers of the Everglades (mainland) and Florida Bay use these data to calibrate and verify models describing flow through the mangrove zone, and circulation patterns within the bay. The project has been collecting these data since late 1995 and is producing a portion of the standard data set to be used in describing Florida Bay's behavior through changing conditions.

Prior to the development of currently available acoustic instruments, it was very difficult to gage flows in streams discharging into Florida Bay. Standard methods for field data collection and flow computations are impractical and inaccurate because of the low velocities, flow reversal, and bi-directional flow in which high-salinity water flows inland under freshwater flowing out to the bay. With today's state-of-the art acoustic instrumentation, such as the Acoustic Velocity Meter (AVM) and the Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP), it is possible to accurately gage flows in this environment because of the ability of these instruments to quickly measure low or rapidly changing water velocities, even during stratified or bi-directional flow. AVM systems have proven to be accurate instruments in the measurement of water velocities along a horizontal plane across stream and can be permanently installed to collect continuous velocity data that, along with water-level data, are used to produce continuous records of discharge.

ADCP instruments are used to measure water velocities in three dimensions. These measurements are then used to calculate the total flow through a stream section at a given time. The ADCP uses the Doppler shift from four acoustic beams sent downward in set angles to measure the velocity of water, depth, and distance traveled across the stream transect. Field measurements made with the ADCP's are used to develop relations between AVM velocities and discharge at gaged sites.

With the assistance of Everglades National Park, discharge measurements were made with ADCP's near the mouths of the major streams flowing into Florida Bay. Results of these measurements verified the applicability of ADCP's for discharge measurements under these environmental conditions, provided data on high flows into the bay, and helped in the understanding of flow patterns for each of the measured streams.

Project plans are to instrument selected streams flowing into Florida Bay with AVM's and temperature and specific conductance sensors in order to measure most of the total freshwater flow from the mainland into the bay. Sites are located along the mainland coast of east Florida Bay and represent most of the freshwater flowing south into the bay from Taylor Slough and the C-111 Canal basins. Three of these sites (Trout Creek Canal station and two C-111 Canal stations) are instrumented and maintained by Everglades National Park. Monthly ADCP discharge measurements are planned for rating AVM systems, and monthly collection of water samples are planned for total nutrient analysis.

Process_Date: 2000
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Eduardo Patino
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Hydrologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 1400 Colonial Blvd., Suite 70, Royal Palm Square
City: Ft. Myers
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33907
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 239 275-8448 ext. 11
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 239 275-6820
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: epatino@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Products for FY 2003

1. Continuous 15 minute-data on flow, water level, salinity and temperature collected from the creek monitoring stations will be either transmitted via satellite to the USGS office in Miami, Florida, or collected during site visits and made available on the USGS SOFIA website.

2. A report on the freshwater flow and salinity data or 'standard data set', to be used in describing Florida Bay for physical, and biological model applications will be produced.

3. As Everglades restoration proceeds, documentation of changes in the flow and salinity to northeastern Florida Bay will be provided.

Process_Date: 2003
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Work planned for FY 2004:

Data collection includes continuous 15-minute interval measurements of water level, water velocity, salinity, and temperature data and periodic measurements of discharge for acoustic Doppler velocity meter (ADVM) calibrations at West Highway Creek, Stillwater Creek, Trout Creek, Mud Creek, Taylor River at Mouth, upstream Taylor River, McCormick Creek, Jewfish Creek, Joe Bay 8W and Joe Bay 2E. Monitoring stations where only discharge and water-level are collected include East Highway Creek and Oregon Creek. Salinity only sites include Joe Bay 1E and Joe Bay 5C. Field data at the instrumented sites are recorded by an electronic data logger and transmitted every 4 hours by way of the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) into the database of the USGS CWRS office. Nontransmitting stations include Joe Bay 1-2E, 5C, 8W, East Highway Creek and Oregon Creek. Boat mounted acoustic Doppler current profilers (ADCP) are used to measure discharge in the estuarine creeks mentioned above. The ADCP uses the Doppler shift in returned acoustic signals reflected by particles suspended in the water to determine the velocity of moving water. Discharge and flow direction are calculated using the doppler software package. The mean channel water velocity is calculated by dividing the total discharge (measured with the ADCP) by the cross-sectional area determined by the water level at the time of measurement. The cross-sectional area is computed by using the site-specific stage area ratings, which is a function of water level. Water-level data are collected with an incremental shaft encoder equipped with a pulley, stainless-steel tape, weight, and float inside an 8 in. (inch) polyvinyl chloride pipe stilling well.

Process_Date: 2004
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Work planned for FY 2005 includes the continuation of measuring freshwater flow from the Everglades into northeastern Florida Bay. Flow, water-level, salinity, and temperature will be collected in real-time at monitoring sites in estuarine creeks and will be transmitted via satellite to the USGS Center for Water and Restoration Studies in Miami, FL.

The same procedures will be followed as in FY 2004. During routine station visits, the in-situ instruments are cleaned, calibrated (ifnecessary), and verified with laboratory standards. In essence, fouling and electronic errors are observed and datum corrections applied accordingly. An independently calibrated YSI instrument is used during each field trip to verify in-situ salinities and temperatures. The independent YSI sensor is checked against a NIST laboratory certified thermometer in the lab periodically.

A coastal network map with links to the National Water Information System (NWIS) has been developed and is available at <http://fl.water.usgs.gov/Miami/hurricane>

Process_Date: 2005
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Work planned for FY 2006 is the continuation of measuring freshwater flow from the Everglades wetlands into northeastern Florida Bay.

Data collection includes continuous 15-minute interval measurements of water level, water velocity, salinity, and temperature data and periodic measurements of discharge for acoustic Doppler velocity meter (ADVM) calibrations at West Highway Creek, East Highway Creek, Oregon Creek, Stillwater Creek, Trout Creek, Mud Creek, Taylor River at Mouth, upstream Taylor River, McCormick Creek, Joe Bay 2E, and Jewfish Creek. Field data at the instrumented sites are recorded by an electronic data logger and transmitted every 4 hours by way of the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) into the database of the USGS CWRS office. Non-transmitting stations where only discharge and water level are collected include East Highway Creek, Oregon Creek, Joe Bay 1E, Joe Bay 5C, and Joe Bay 8W. Periodic discharge measurements will be performed at East Creek in Little Madeira Bay as time permits. Boat mounted acoustic Doppler current profilers (ADCP) are used to measure discharge in the estuarine creeks mentioned above. The ADCP uses the Doppler shift in returned acoustic signals reflected by particles suspended in the water to determine the velocity of moving water. Discharge and flow direction are calculated using the Doppler software package. The mean channel water velocity is calculated by dividing the total discharge (measured with the ADCP) by the cross-sectional area determined by the water level at the time of measurement. The cross-sectional area is computed by using the site-specific stage area ratings, which is a function of water level. Water-level data are collected with an incremental shaft encoder equipped with a pulley, stainless-steel tape, weight, and float inside an 8 in. (inch) polyvinyl chloride pipe stilling well. Salinity and temperature data are collected with YSI instrumentation (i.e. 600R, Optical Monitoring System). During routine station visits, these in-situ instruments are cleaned, calibrated (if necessary), and verified with laboratory standards. In essence, fouling and electronic errors are observed and datum corrections are applied accordingly. An independently calibrated YSI instrument is used during each field trip to verify in-situ salinities and temperatures. The independent YSI sensor is checked against a NIST laboratory certified thermometer in the lab periodically.

Published unit values of water level, discharge, salinity, and temperature through water year 2005 are available on the SOFIA website. See the individual sites for the water year data available. Manuscripts will be published in the USGS Surface Water Data Book.

Process_Date: 2006
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Work planned for FY 2007 is the continuation of measuring freshwater flow from the Everglades wetlands into northeastern Florida Bay. Flow, water-level, salinity, and temperature data are collected in real-time at monitoring sites in estuarine creeks and data are transmitted via satellite to the Florida Integrated Science Center (FISC), Ft. Lauderdale, FL.
Process_Date: 2007
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Work planned for FY 2008 includes:

1. Gaging freshwater flows in to northeastern Florida Bay

a. Continuation of data collection at the sites.

b. Discharge measurements will be performed at East Creek in Little Madeira Bay to continue rating development. East Creek, a previously non-gaged station, was instrumented with an ADVM that incorporates an up-looking acoustic beam. The goal is to compute discharge at East Creek and compare the results against regression-determined discharge.

2. Network Optimization Project in Southern Florida

The major tasks include: a. Continuation of data gathering (historical data, site information, GIS data, and qualitative data); b. Begining the statistical analysis c. Completing the first report focusing on methods and statistical analysis

Process_Date: Not complete
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Mark Zucker
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 7500 SW 36th St..
City: Davie
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33314
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 954 377-5952
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: mzucker@usgs.gov

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Indirect_Spatial_Reference: northeastern Florida Bay
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Point
Point_and_Vector_Object_Information:
SDTS_Terms_Description:
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: Point
Point_and_Vector_Object_Count: 12

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 1
Longitude_Resolution: 1
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Degrees, minutes, and decimal seconds
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257
Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Altitude_System_Definition:
Altitude_Datum_Name: North American Vertical Datum of 1988
Altitude_Resolution: 0.01
Altitude_Distance_Units: feet
Altitude_Encoding_Method:
Explicit elevation coordinate included with horizontal coordinates

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Data collected for the sites includes stage, surface and bottom temperature, surface and bottom salinity, and discharge. Some sites also have fitered discharge measurements.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: USGS field personnel
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Data available for the USGS South Florida Coastal Stations includes: gage height (feet, most referenced to NAVD 88), salinity (parts per thousand), temperature (degrees Celsius), stream velocity (feet per second), and discharge (cubic feet per second). Some stations have wind speed (mile per hour) and wind direction (clockwise from true north), precipitation (total in inches), specific conductance (microsienmens per centimeter at 25 degrees C). Not all stations have all data. Each site lists the data available for that site.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: USGS personnel
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Parameteres available for the Real-Time Ground Water Data include: gage height/water level (feet, NAVD 88), specific conductance (microsiemens per centimeter at 25 degrees Celsius), temperature (degrees C), and salinity (parts per thousand). The data are available up to 60 days and are provisional.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: USGS personnel
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Each sampling site for the Water Quality Data lists the parameter code, count, begin date, end date, and parameter code complete name. Parameters available for most sampling sites include: temperature (degrees Celsius), agency analyzing sample, specific conductance (microsiemens per centimeter at 25 degrees C), hydrogen ion (milligrams per liter), dissolved oxygen (mg/l) pH (standard units), salinity (parts per thousand), organic nitrogen (mg/l), ammonia (mg/l as nitrogen), nitrite (mg/l as N), nitrate + nitrite (mg/l as N), phosphorus (mg/l), and orthophosphate (mg/l as phosphorus).

Other parameters not available for all stations include: sampling depth (feet), location in cross section, sample log in ID and date (yyddd) in Ocala lab, number of sampling points, total nitrogen (mg/l), magnesium (mg/l), ammonia (mg/l as NH4), nitrate (mg/l), color water (platinum cobalt units), hardness (mg/l as calcium carbonate), chlorine (mg/l), calcium (mg/l) sulfate (mg/l), sodium (mg/l), potassium (mg/l), fluoride (mg/l), silica (mg/l), strontium (mg/l). Bromide (mg/l), residue sum of constituents (mg/l) and residue (tons per acre-foot).

Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: USGS personnel
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Parameters available for Current Water Level Conditions for Surface Water include: date/time of collection, gage height (feet), discharge (cubic feet per second), and long-term median flow.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: USGS personnel

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Florida NWISWeb Maintainers
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address:
Florida Integrated Science Center

3310 SW 9th Ave.

City: Ft. Lauderdale
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33315
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: not available
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gs-w-fl_NWISWeb_Maintainer@usgs.gov
Contact_Instructions: Please use email
Resource_Description: Current water level conditions for surface water
Distribution_Liability: Provisional data subject to revision
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: unknown
Format_Information_Content: Real-Time Data for Florida: Streamflow
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
<http://waterdata.usgs.gov/fl/nwis/current?type=flow&group_key=basin_cd>
Access_Instructions:
Click on Current Water Level Conditions for Surface Water which will go to the NWIS Web interface. Select the desired station(s) from the list.
Fees: none

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Florida Integrated Science Center - Fort Lauderdale
Contact_Position: Chief, Hydrologic Data Section
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 3110 SW 9th Avenue
City: Ft. Lauderdale
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33315
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 954 377-5900
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 954 377-5091
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: GS-FL_FISC_Fort_Lauderdale_Hydrologic_Records_Chief@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: USGS South Florida Coastal Real-Time Stations
Distribution_Liability: Provisional data subject to revision
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: html
Format_Information_Content: The data for one month for each individual site is available
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <http://fl.water.usgs.gov/Miami/hurricane/>
Access_Instructions:
Log onto <https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/freshwtr_flow> and click on USGS South Florida Real-Time Stations under Data
Fees: none

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Florida NWISWeb Maintainers
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address:
Florida Integrated Science Center

3310 SW 9th Ave.

City: Ft. Lauderdale
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33315
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: not available
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gs-w-fl_NWISWeb_Maintainer@usgs.gov
Contact_Instructions: Please use email
Resource_Description: Real-Time Ground Water Data
Distribution_Liability: Provisional data subject to revision
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: graph, table, tab-separated
Format_Information_Content:
Data for 1-31 days before present are contained in each graph or table
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/exchange/realtime_gw/index.html>
Access_Instructions:
Select the desired station on the Real-Time Ground Water Data page at <https://sofia.usgs.gov/exchange/realtime_gw/index.html>. This will link to the appropriate page on the NWIS Web interface.
Fees: none

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Florida NWISWeb Maintainers
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address:
Florida Integrated Science Center

3310 SW 9th Ave.

City: Ft. Lauderdale
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33315
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: not available
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gs-w-fl_NWISWeb_Maintainer@usgs.gov
Contact_Instructions: Please use email
Resource_Description: Water Quality Data
Distribution_Liability:
The data secured from the USGS NWISWeb database may include data that have not recieved Director's approval and as such are provisional and subject to change. The data are released on the condition that neither the USGS nor the United States Government may be held liable for any damages resulting from its authorized or unauthorized use.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: tab-separated text file
Format_Information_Content: Data are available for each collection site
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
<https://sofia.usgs.gov/exchange/zucker_woods_patino/wtrqualindex.html>
Access_Instructions:
Select the desired station on the Water Quality Data page at <https://sofia.usgs.gov/exchange/zucker_woods_patino/wtrqualindex.html>. This will link to the appropriate page on the NWIS Web interface.
Fees: none

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather S. Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 600 Fourth St. South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: hhenkel@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: South Florida Hydrology Database
Distribution_Liability: The data have no explicit or implied guarantees.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ASCII
Format_Specification: comma-separated values (.csv) or tab-delimited text files
Format_Information_Content:
Data for the stations with selectable variables, time frame, output format, and output organization
File_Decompression_Technique:
The downloaded file with the specified parameters is zipped and must be unzipped before use.
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/exchange/zucker_woods_patino/index.php>
Access_Instructions:
The South Florida Hydrology Data database may be accessed from the SOFIA website.
Fees: none

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather S. Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 600 Fourth St. South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: hhenkel@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: Everglads Gage Gazetteer
Distribution_Liability: The data have no implied or explicit guarantees
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: html table
Format_Information_Content: Each table entry contains the data for a gage site
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/exchange/gazetteer/>
Access_Instructions: The data may be downloaded from the SOFIA website
Fees: none

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20110711
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 600 Fourth Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: sofia-metadata@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Access_Constraints: none
Metadata_Use_Constraints:
This metadata record may have been copied from the SOFIA website and may not be the most recent version. Please check <https://sofia.usgs.gov/metadata> to be sure you have the most recent version.

This page is <https://sofia.usgs.gov/metadata/sflwww/freshwtr_flow.html>

U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey
Comments and suggestions? Contact: Heather Henkel - Webmaster
Generated by mp version 2.8.18 on Mon Jul 11 10:54:36 2011