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A GIS-based decision-support tool to evaluate land management policies in south Florida

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
William Labiosa

Richard Bernknopf; Paul Hearn

Publication_Date: 2009
Title:
A GIS-based decision-support tool to evaluate land management policies in south Florida
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: GIS web-enabled interface
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/index.php?project_url=gis_tool>
Description:
Abstract:
The primary objective of the project is to develop an integrated ecological and socioeconomic land use evaluation model (the Ecosystem Portfolio Model, EPM) for Department of the Interior (DOI) resource managers to use to reconcile the need to maintain the ecological health of South Florida parks and refuges with increasing pressures for higher density development in the agricultural lands outside of the Urban Development Boundary in Miami-Dade County.

The EPM has three major components: (1) an ecological value model based on ecological criteria relevant to National Park Service and US Fish & Wildlife Service resource management and species protection mandates; (2) a real estate market-based land value model sensitive to relevant land use/cover attributes indicative of conservation and development decisions; and (3) a set of socioeconomic indicators sensitive to land use/cover changes relevant to regional environmental and ecological planning. The current version is implemented for Miami-Dade County, with the protection of ecological values in the lands between the Everglades and Biscayne National Parks as the focus. The first two components have been implemented in the GIS web-enabled prototype interface and the third component is being developed in draft form in FY08 in consultation with the Florida Atlantic University Dept of Urban and Regional Planning.

Purpose:
South Florida’s national parks and wildlife refuges are threatened by accelerated growth of the surrounding built environment which alters the natural hydrology and ecology, and introduces harmful levels of sediment, nutrients and toxins. Department of the Interior (DOI) scientists and land managers are faced with major informational and financial challenges and conflicting stakeholder interests in their efforts to manage and protect resources to fulfill their stewardship responsibilities. The web-based EPM will contribute to improved public understanding and awareness of the importance of protecting South Florida habitats and ecosystem functions, as well as the possible externalities associated with upcoming land use decisions.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2005
Ending_Date: 2009
Currentness_Reference: publication date
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -81.7
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -80.25
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 25.75
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 25.25
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Theme_Keyword: modeling
Theme_Keyword: decision support tool
Theme_Keyword: information systems
Theme_Keyword: mapping
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: environment
Theme_Keyword: imageryBaseMapsEarthCover
Theme_Keyword: inlandWaters
Theme_Keyword: 007
Theme_Keyword: 010
Theme_Keyword: 012
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1995, Countries, Dependencies, Areas of Special Sovereignty, and Their Principal Administrative Divisions, Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 10-4, Washington, D.C., National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: US
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
U.S. Department of Commerce, 1987, Codes for the identification of the States, the District of Columbia and the outlying areas of the United States, and associated areas (Federal Information Processing Standard 5-2): Washington, D. C., NIST
Place_Keyword: Florida
Place_Keyword: FL
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1990, Counties and Equivalent Entities of the United States, Its Possessions, and Associated Areas, FIPS 6-3, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: Miami-Dade County
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Geographic Names Information System
Place_Keyword: Everglades National Park
Place_Keyword: Biscayne National Park
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Place_Keyword: Central Everglades
Place_Keyword: South Coast Florida
Place_Keyword: Bird Drive Basin
Access_Constraints: none
Use_Constraints: none
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Bill Labiosa
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address:
909 1st Avenue, 4th Floor MS Suite 420
City: Seattle
State_or_Province: WA
Postal_Code: 98104
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 206 220-4563
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: blabiosa@usgs.gov
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name:
<https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/workplans07/images/gistoolapp1x.jpg>
Browse_Graphic_File_Description: Proposed study area
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: JPEG
Data_Set_Credit:
Project personnel include Amy Mathie, Dianna Hogan, David Strong, and Anne Wein (USGS), Leonard Pearlstine (ENP), Susan Wachter, Paul Amos, and Kevin Gillen (UPenn), Ann-Margaret Esnard and Jaap Vos (FAU)
Native_Data_Set_Environment: web interface
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Labiosa, W. B.

Bernknopf, R.; Hearn, P; Hogan, D.; Strong, D.; Pearlstine, L.; Mathie, A. M.; Wein, A. M.; Gillen, K.; Wachter. S.

Publication_Date: 2009
Title:
The South Florida ecosystem portfolio model - A map-based multicriteria ecological, economic, and community land-use planning tool
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Scientific Information Report
Issue_Identification: 2009-5181
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details: accessed as of 9/8/2010
Online_Linkage: <http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2009/5181/>

Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report: not available
Completeness_Report: not available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Development of the decision framework

This component captures the important relationships between conservation/ development actions and the ecological/environmental and socioeconomic endpoints of interest to decision-makers and stakeholders. This framework will be developed in terms of an ecological value model, a market (hedonic) land price model, and a system of socioeconomic indicators within an interactive web-based GIS environment.

a. Collaborative development of an Ecosystem Portfolio Model This sub-task will develop the conceptual framework and working model for use in ecological conservation and preservation decisions and other land use decisions, in collaboration with Everglades and Biscayne National Parks, the Miami-Dade County Department of Planning and Zoning, and various land use decision stakeholders. Based on work to date, the current version of the EPM has three primary objectives: (1) screen future land use/cover patterns in terms of ecological values that are important to supporting Department of the Interior mandates in Southeast Florida (Task 2); (2) screen future impacts on land price (and hence development pressure) in Southeast Florida for possible future land use/cover patterns (Task 4); and (3) screen social and economic impacts for possible future land use/cover patterns of communities in Southeast Florida using appropriate indicators (Task 3). This task seeks to design a conceptual decision framework that integrates these three capabilities within a GIS-based web interface. This task builds on user and stakeholder meetings held in FY06 and FY07 and will continue with user and stakeholder meetings to be held this fiscal year in Miami-Dade County.

b. Integration of EPM model components into a coherent decision support web tool This sub-task involves using decision science principles, good web design practices, and user/stakeholder feedback to refine and improve the components and over-all design of the web interface. The model inputs and outputs should be understandable, the relationships between components should be clear, the tool should be useful as well as user-friendly, and the uses and limitations of the tool and components should be clear to targeted users.

c. Development of multi-attribute utility models for each criterion of the ecological value model This sub-task involves using multi-attribute utility theory (MAUT) to define a set of utility models over the ecological value model criteria. The utility models will be assessed from Park Service users and assumptions about utility model structure and parameterizations will be tested (using accepted techniques). Aggregated utilities come from weighting the individual utility functions and aggregating them with an appropriate over-all utility function. For the current web prototype, ecological value criterion weights are user inputs. The web interface will be modified (under Task 5) so that sensitivity analysis can be performed on utility function parameters for individual criteria (in addition weights).

Process_Date: Not complete
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Bill Labiosa
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address:
909 1st Avenue, 4th Floor MS Suite 420
City: Seattle
State_or_Province: WA
Postal_Code: 98104
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 206 220-4563
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: blabiosa@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Develop, refine, and implement the EPM ecological value model

a. Continue consultations with Everglades and Biscayne National Parks and US Fish & Wildlife Service to refine the ecological value model. The purpose of consultations is to get feedback on our implementation of models for the ecological criteria elicited from the Park Service and Fish & Wildlife Service.

b. Implement and refine models for each criterion of the “ecological value model” – The biodiversity and habitat criteria are being implemented using refined versions of the Florida GAP, the US FWS Multi-Species Recovery Plan, and the Florida Natural Areas Inventory models. All land use/cover classifications are being unified (crosswalked) using the Florida Land Use and Cover Classification System (FLUCCS). The landscape pattern and fragmentation criterion is being implemented using the FRAGSTATS landscape metrics package (<http://www.umass.edu/landeco/research/fragstats/fragstats.html>). Suitable models for the water quality buffer and restoration potential models will be identified and implemented this year. All of the models are being implemented in a GIS environment under Task 5, allowing users to modify the land use/cover inputs to evaluate against the ecological value model. This work was begun in FY07 and draft final models will be completed in FY08.

c. Develop a scoring system based on multi-attribute utility theory (designed under Task 1) to aggregate the scores for the individual ecological criteria to yield an aggregate “ecological value” on a parcel (cell) basis in the GIS-web tool. This scoring system and the under-lying utility models will be developed collaboratively with the Park Service.

Process_Date: Not complete
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Dianna Hogan
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 521 National Center
City: Reston
State_or_Province: VA
Postal_Code: 20192
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 703 648-7240
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: dhogan@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Develop suite of socioeconomic indicators for impacts of Miami-Dade land use/cover changes

The system of indicators will be developed this fiscal year in consultation with researchers at Florida Atlantic University and in collaboration with representative regional land use stakeholders. The system of indicators will be partially implemented this year using available data and models and will be implemented in the GIS web tool next fiscal year.

Process_Date: Not complete
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Bill Labiosa
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address:
909 1st Avenue, 4th Floor MS Suite 420
City: Seattle
State_or_Province: WA
Postal_Code: 98104
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 206 220-4563
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: blabiosa@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Evaluate and refine hedonic land price model for Miami-Dade County and develop related model to evaluate land development pressure

An economic value model for land parcels is composed of several factors that comprise total economic value of a particular parcel. One of the factors that included in a ranking of the economic value of a parcel is the estimated market value of that land. Various economic analyses regarding southeast Florida were reviewed in FY07 and it was noted that the economic metrics in use, including non-market economic arguments (community character, infrastructure costs, and flood protection), could be problematic for incorporation into the total economic value component of the EPM. Further evaluation and testing of the non-market impacts is underway and will continue in FY08. The hedonic land price model developed in FY07 will be refined based on these considerations in FY08. This land price model will be used to inform a development pressure model that uses future land use/cover patterns to predict future development pressures. In FY08, we will develop a draft development pressure model for future implementation into the GIS-web tool. This model will enable users to explore different land use change policies and their probable effects on future development pressures.

Process_Date: Not complete
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Richard Bernknopf
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 345 Middlefield Road, MS 531
City: Menlo Park
State_or_Province: CA
Postal_Code: 94025
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 650 329-4951
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 650 329-4710
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: rbern@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Evaluate, implement changes to, and manage the EPM GIS Database, implement Ecological Portfolio Model components in web interface, and evaluate and refine web interface usability and usefulness

The principal components include: a. Continued collection, organization, and refinement of relevant GIS data: 1. Land use and land cover 2. Future land use, proposed land bridge development information 3. Parcel data and property values 4. Chemical, physical, and biologic data: nutrients, sediments, hydrology, and habitats 5. Roads/streets 6. Municipal, park, development, protected area boundaries 7. Orthoimagery 8. Population – current and future projections 9. Elevation 10. Estimates of land bridge mitigation costs 11. Other data as needed

b. Refinement of EPM GIS software including user interface(s) for calculating results, observing model inputs and results, and exploring conservation/development spatially-distributed compatibilities and externalities for possible future scenarios. Methods include approaches from economics and decision science. A prototype of the web interface is currently available within the USGS LAN (<http://memphisserv.er.usgs.gov/sflorida/sflorida.html>).

c. Setup and maintenance of central repository of GIS data and software for remote access by project contributors and users.

Process_Date: Not complete
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Paul Hearn
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 521 Natioanl Center
City: Reston
State_or_Province: VA
Postal_Code: 20192
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 703 648-6287
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 703 649-4603
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: phearn@usgs.gov

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20100908
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 600 Fourth Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: sofia-metadata@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Access_Constraints: none
Metadata_Use_Constraints:
This metadata record may have been copied from the SOFIA website and may not be the most recent version. Please check <https://sofia.usgs.gov/metadata> to be sure you have the most recent version.

This page is <https://sofia.usgs.gov/metadata/sflwww/gis_tool.html>

U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey
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