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Ground Water-Surface Water Seepage at Select TIME Sites

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Peter Swarzenski
Publication_Date: 2004
Title: Ground Water-Surface Water Seepage at Select TIME Sites
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/index.php?project_url=seep_time>
Description:
Abstract:
The bi-directional exchange of groundwater with coastal surface waters may influence not only coastal-water and geochemical budgets, but may also impact and direct coastal ecosystem change (D'Elia, et al., 1981; Valiela, et al., 1990; Burnett et al., 2003). For example, the widespread discharge of nutrient-enriched submarine groundwater into an estuary or lagoon may contribute directly to the onset and duration of eutrophication (Bokuniewicz, 1980; Giblin and Gaines, 1990), as well as the development of harmful algal/bacterial blooms (Laroche et al., 1997). Most often, this submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) (defined here as a composite of meteoric, connate and sea water) occurs as hard-to-constrain diffuse seepage, rather than as focused discharge either through vent or collapse features (Swarzenski et al., 2001). As a result, quantifying SGD rates has remained difficult for both oceanographers and hydrologists alike.

This project uses an adaptation of an old tool, the Lee-type manual seepage meter (Lee, 1977), with a state-of-the-art electromagnetic flow meter that enables rapid, autonomous, bi-directional measurements of fluid exchange rates across the sediment/water interface (Rosenberry and Morin, 2004). When such measurements are coupled and interpreted with surface and groundwater pressure, salinity and temperature data, as well as other complementary measurements such as excess watercolumn 222Rn activities, then realistic groundwater/surface-water exchange rates can be obtained in dynamic coastal environments (Swarzenski et al., 2004).

Purpose:
The intent of this project is to provide continuous flux estimates across the sediment-water interface (i.e., groundwater-surface water exchange) at select sites within ENP in support of numerical models on GW-SW exchange.
Supplemental_Information:
Results of this project are available in USGS Open-File Reports 2004-1369 and 2004-1226.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2003
Ending_Date: 2004
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -80.9
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -80.6
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 25.95
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 25.5
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Theme_Keyword: flow
Theme_Keyword: hydrology
Theme_Keyword: seepage
Theme_Keyword: seepage meter
Theme_Keyword: groundwater-surface water exchanges
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: environment
Theme_Keyword: inlandWaters
Theme_Keyword: 007
Theme_Keyword: 012
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1995, Countries, Dependencies, Areas of Special Sovereignty, and Their Principal Administrative Divisions, Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 10-4, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: US
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
U.S. Department of Commerce, 1987, Codes for the identification of the States, the District of Columbia and the outlying areas of the United States, and associated areas (Federal Information Processing Standard 5-2): Washington, DC, NIST
Place_Keyword: Florida
Place_Keyword: FL
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1990, Counties and Equivalent Entities of the United States, Its Possessions, and Associated Areas, FIPS 6-3, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: Miami-Dade County
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Geographic Names Information System
Place_Keyword: Shark River Slough
Place_Keyword: Everglades National Park
Place_Keyword: Sarasota Bay
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Place_Keyword: Central Everglades
Place_Keyword: ENP
Place_Keyword: Bottle Creek
Access_Constraints: none
Use_Constraints: none
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Peter Swarzenski
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 400 Natural Bridges Drive
City: Santa Cruz
State_or_Province: CA
Postal_Code: 95060
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 831 427-4729
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 831 527-4748
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: pswarzen@usgs.gov
Data_Set_Credit: Chris Reich also worked on this project
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
D'Elia, C. F.

Webb, K. L.; Porter, J. W.

Publication_Date: 1981
Title:
Nitrate-rich groundwater inputs to Discovery Bay, Jamaica: A significant source of N to local coral reefs?
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Bulletin of Marine Science
Issue_Identification: v. 31, n. , p. 903-910
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Miami, FL
Publisher:
Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami.
Other_Citation_Details: accessed as of 1/25/2010
Online_Linkage:
<http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/umrsmas/bullmar/1981/00000031/00000004/art00008>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Bokuniewicz, H.
Publication_Date: 1980
Title: Groundwater seepage into Great South Bay, New York
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science
Issue_Identification: v. 10, n. 4, p. 437-444
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publisher: Elsevier Science B. V.
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 1/25/2010

The full article is available via journal subscription or single article purchase. The abstract may be viewed on the Science Direct website.

Online_Linkage: <http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03023524>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Burnett, W. C.

Bokuniewicz, H.; Huettel, M.; Moore, W. S. ; Taniguchi, M.

Publication_Date: 200311
Title: Groundwater and pore water inputs to the coastal zone
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Biogeochemistry
Issue_Identification: v. 66, n. 1-2, p. 3-33
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Dordrecht, The Netherlands
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 2/16/2010

The full article is available only via journal subscription or single article purchase. The abstract may be viewed on the SpringerLink website.

Online_Linkage:
<http://www.springerlink.com/content/mkp6241420236184/?p=70829b06ca2d46ef99d2729aae2fd8a9&pi=0>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Laroche, J.

Nuzzi, R.,; Waters, R.; Wyman, K.; Falkowski, P. G.; Wallace, D. W. R.

Publication_Date: 1997
Title:
Brown tide blooms in Long Island's coastal waters linked to interannual variability in groundwater flow
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Global Change Biology
Issue_Identification: v. 3, n. 5, p. 397-410
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Oxford, England
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 1/25/2010

The full article is available via journal subscription or single article purchase. The abstract may be viewed on the Wiley Interscience website by selecting the volume and issue number.

Online_Linkage: <http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/119162935/issue>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Lee, D. R.
Publication_Date: 1977
Title: A device for measuring seepage flux in lakes and estuaries
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Limnology and Oceanography
Issue_Identification: v. 22, n.1, p. 140-147
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Washington, DC
Publisher: American Society of Limnology and Oceanography
Other_Citation_Details: accessed as of 2/15/2010
Online_Linkage: <http://www.aslo.org/lo/toc/vol_22/issue_1/0140.pdf>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Rosenberry, D. O.

Morin, R. H.

Publication_Date: 2004
Title:
Use of an electromagnetic seepage meter to investigate temporal variability in lake seepage
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Ground Water
Issue_Identification: v. 42, p. 68-77
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Westerville, OH
Publisher: National Ground Water Association
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Sholkovitz, E.

Herbold, C,; Charette, M.

Publication_Date: 2003
Title:
An automated dye-dilution based seepage meter for the time-series measurement of submarine groundwater discharge
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Limnology and Oceanography: Methods
Issue_Identification: v. 1, p. 16-28
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Washington, DC
Publisher: American Society of Limnology and Oceanography
Other_Citation_Details: accessed as of 2/15/2010
Online_Linkage: <http://www.aslo.org/lomethods/free/2003/0010.pdf>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Swarzenski, P. W.

Reich, C. D.; Spechler, R. M.; Kindinger, J. L.; Moore, W. S.

Publication_Date: 2001
Title:
Using multiple geochemical tracers to characterize the hydrogeology of the submarine spring off Crescent Beach, Florida
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Chemical Geology
Issue_Identification: v. 179, issues 1-4, p. 187-202
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 2/15/2010

The full article is available via journal subscription or single article purchase. The abstract may be viewed on the Science Direct website by selecting the volume and issue number.

Online_Linkage: <http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00092541>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Swarzenski, P.

Burrnett, B.; Reich, C. D.; Dulaiova, H.; Peterson, R.; Meunier, J.

Publication_Date: 2004
Title:
Novel geophysical and geochemical techniques used to study submarine groundwater discharge in Biscayne Bay, Florida
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: fast sheet
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Fact Sheet
Issue_Identification: 2004-3117
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Florida
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details: accessed as of 2/15/2010
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/fs/2004-3117/>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Valiela, I.

Costa, J.; foreman, K.; Teal, J. M.; Howes, B. L.; Aubrey, D. G.

Publication_Date: 1990
Title:
Transport of groundwater-borne nutrients from watersheds and their effects on coastal waters
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Biogeochemistry
Issue_Identification: v. 10, n. 3, p. 177-197
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Dordrecht, The Netherlands
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Other_Citation_Details:
This paper is in a special issue of Biogeochemistry volume 10 titled Groundwater Input to Coastal Waters. The papers were presented at a joint AGU-ASLO meeting in San Francisco in December 1988. Access to the volume is curently not available on the SpringerLink website.
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Giblin, A. E.

Gaines, A. G.

Publication_Date: 1990
Title:
Nitrogen inputs to a marine embayment: The importance of groundwater
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Biogeochemistry
Issue_Identification: v. 10, n. 3, p. 309-328
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Dordrecht, The Netherlands
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Other_Citation_Details:
This paper is in a special issue of Biogeochemistry volume 10 titled Groundwater Input to Coastal Waters. The papers were presented at a joint AGU-ASLO meeting in San Francisco in December 1988. Access to the volume is currently not available on the SpringerLink website.

Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report:
To assess the utility of the EM seepage meters in environments with very low groundwater/surface-water exchange rates, we installed our EM seepage meters in highly organic bottom sediments of Bottle Creek, a distal reach of the Shark River Slough, Everglades National Park, Florida, in August and October, 2003. Directly adjacent to our EM seepage meter sites, we also installed a dye-dilution type seepage meter that can autonomously record bi-directional rates of groundwater/surface-water exchange. During a 5-day intercalibration experiment, the EM and dilution seepage meters produced average exchange rates very close to one another.
Completeness_Report: not available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
With Quantum Engineering, we have developed very robust and precise electro-magnetic seepmeters that can autonomously measure very fine flux rates across the sediment-water interface. We will calibrate and validate date from the EMS meters by two methods: 1) Dr Matt Charette (WHOI) is bringing his newly developed and tested Woods Hole Oceanographic Inst. seepmeter to our site for an intercalibration experiment. We will leave both types of autonomous seepmeters in the field for approximately 1-week. 2) We will also deploy a continuous 222Rn profiler that will provide a stream of radon-222 measurements from the water column adjacent to the seepmeters. Such an approach will allow for a detailed calibration of seepage against 222Rn measurements.

Our two electromagnetic seepmeter prototypes are now complete and have been undergoing bench tests in the St. Petersburg, FL office. One of the hurdles we are currently overcoming is being able to provide enough portable electricity to power the computers and meters at the remote site in ENP. Our Rad-7 Aqua is now operational and will be able to continuously provide very precise 222Rn measurements to supplement our seepmeter data.

We will be in the field with these EM seepmeters starting August 19th with Drs Langevin and Charette and others. WHOI will join us in the fieldwork for intercalibration studies of our seepage meters. One successful field trip has been completed this year to collect interstitial waters for Ra isotopic measurements. A diffusive-advective flux estimate of GW-SW exchange can be derived from these profiles.

Field work is scheduled for the week of Aug 19th. From this field trip we plan to provide a 7-day time series of bi-directional flux across the sediment-water interface. Data from two very different seepage meter prototypes will be assessed along with the longer termed assessment of the bidirectional flux across the sediment-water interface at select TIME sites. Time series metals/nutrient profiles should provide an estimate of the role of GW-SW exchange processes.

Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not constitute endorsement by the U.S. Government

Process_Date: 2003
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
To assess the utility of the EM seepage meters in environments with very low groundwater/surface-water exchange rates, we installed our EM seepage meters in highly organic bottom sediments of Bottle Creek, a distal reach of the Shark River Slough, Everglades National Park, Florida, in August and October, 2003. Directly adjacent to our EM seepage meter sites, we also installed a dye-dilution type seepage meter (Sholkovitz et al., 2003) that can autonomously record bi-directional rates of groundwater/surface-water exchange. During a 5-day intercalibration experiment, the EM and dilution seepage meters produced average exchange rates very close to one another,

To contrast the Bottle Creek site, we also deployed our EM seepage meter at one site in Sarasota Bay, Florida (June, 2004), where groundwater/surface-water exchange rates are expected to be much enhanced by physical and hydrogeologic characteristics unique to these coastal waters. At this site, during the seepage meter deployment, water levels fluctuated by about 80 cm and correlated reasonably well.

Process_Date: 2004
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Peter Swarzenski
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 400 Natural Bridges Drive
City: Santa Cruz
State_or_Province: CA
Postal_Code: 95060
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 831 427-4729
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 831 527-4748
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: pswarzen@usgs.gov

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Indirect_Spatial_Reference: TIME sites

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20100426
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 600 Fourth Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: sofia-metadata@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Access_Constraints: none
Metadata_Use_Constraints:
This metadata record may have been copied from the SOFIA website and may not be the most recent version. Please check <https://sofia.usgs.gov/metadata> to be sure you have the most recent version.

This page is <https://sofia.usgs.gov/metadata/sflwww/gw-sw_seep_TIME_sites.html>

U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey
Comments and suggestions? Contact: Heather Henkel - Webmaster
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