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Hydrologic Measurements and Water-Quality Data for Taylor Slough and vicinity (OFR 00-483 appendixes)

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Judson W. Harvey
Publication_Date: 2000
Title:
Hydrologic Measurements and Water-Quality Data for Taylor Slough and vicinity (OFR 00-483 appendixes)
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tables
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/ofr/00-483/>
Description:
Abstract:
The data in the appendixes of the report are products of an investigation that quantified interactions between ground water and surface water in Taylor Slough in Everglades National Park. In order to define basic hydrologic characteristics of the wetland, depth of wetland peat was mapped and hydraulic conductivity and vertical hydraulic gradients in peat were determined. During specific time periods representing both wet and dry conditions in the area, the distribution of major ions, nutrients, and water stable isotopes throughout the slough were determined. The purpose of the chemical measurements was to identify an environmental tracer that could be used to quantify ground-water discharge.

Data available in the appendixes include site locations and hydrologic characteristics of peat and individual tables for data collected on September 22-October 2, 1997; November 10, 1997; November 19-20, 1997; December 11-17, 1997; June 3-6, 1998; July 20-23, 1998; September 20-October 5, 1999; and October 25-28, 1999

Purpose:
For restoration of the Everglades to succeed there must be comprehensive knowledge about physical, chemical, and biological processes throughout the system. A key measure of success in the Everglades is the improvement or protection of water quality under changing hydrologic conditions. Although there is a basic understanding of how interactions between groundwater and surface water will affect water budgets under restoration, there is only a rudimentary understanding of how interactions between groundwater and surface water will affect water quality. Only field-oriented research and modeling can determine whether interactions between groundwater and surface water are currently storing pollutants in groundwater, how long those pollutants are likely to be stored in the aquifer, and under what changing management conditions associated with restoration will those pollutants be returned into the surface water system.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19970922
Ending_Date: 19991028
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -80.69
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -80.52
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 25.38
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 25.25
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Theme_Keyword: aquifer tests
Theme_Keyword: chemistry
Theme_Keyword: discharge
Theme_Keyword: flow
Theme_Keyword: groundwater
Theme_Keyword: groundwater-surface water exchanges
Theme_Keyword: hydrogeology
Theme_Keyword: hydrology
Theme_Keyword: nutrients
Theme_Keyword: seepage
Theme_Keyword: water quality
Theme_Keyword: conductivity
Theme_Keyword: peat
Theme_Keyword: surface water
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: environment
Theme_Keyword: inlandWaters
Theme_Keyword: 007
Theme_Keyword: 012
Theme_Keyword: geoscientificInformation
Theme_Keyword: 008
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1995, Countries, Dependencies, Areas of Special Sovereignty, and Their Principal Administrative Divisions, Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 10-4, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: US
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
U.S. Department of Commerce, 1987, Codes for the identification of the States, the District of Columbia and the outlying areas of the United States, and associated areas (Federal Information Processing Standard 5-2): Washington, DC, NIST
Place_Keyword: Florida
Place_Keyword: FL
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1990, Counties and Equivalent Entities of the United States, Its Possessions, and Associated Areas, FIPS 6-3, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: Miami-Dade County
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Geographic Names Information System
Place_Keyword: Taylor Slough
Place_Keyword: Everglades National Park
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Place_Keyword: Central Everglades
Stratum:
Stratum_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Stratum_Keyword: surface water
Stratum_Keyword: wetland peat
Stratum_Keyword: groundwater
Stratum_Keyword: surficial aquifer system
Temporal:
Temporal_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Temporal_Keyword: seasonal
Access_Constraints: none
Use_Constraints: none
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Judson W. Harvey
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Project Chief
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 430 National Center
City: Reston
State_or_Province: VA
Postal_Code: 20192
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 703 648-5876
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 703 648 5484
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jwharvey@usgs.gov
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/fs/169-96/fig1.gif>
Browse_Graphic_File_Description: study sites
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: GIF
Data_Set_Credit:
Project personnel include Jim Krest, Jessica Thomas Newlin, and Eric Lerch. Past project personnel include Eric Nemeth, Katherine Randle, Jungyill Choi, Bob Mooney, Jonah Jackson, and Cynthia Gefvert.
Native_Data_Set_Environment: Data are available in tables in PDF files
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Bates, A. L.

Orem, W. H.; Harvey, J.. W.; Spiker, E. C.

Publication_Date: 2001
Title:
Geochemistry of Sulfur in the Florida Everglades: 1994 through 1999
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 01-007
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Tallahassee, FL
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/ofr/01-007/>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Bates, Anne L

Orem, William H.; Harvey. Judson W.; Spiker, Elliot C.

Publication_Date: 2002
Title: Tracing sources of sulfur in the Florida Everglades
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Journal of Environmental Quality
Issue_Identification: v. 31 no. 1
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Madison, WI
Publisher: American Society of Agronomy
Other_Citation_Details:
The journal is published jointly by the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/reports/trace_sulfur/>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Harvey, J. W.

Krupa, Steven L.; Gefvert, Cynthia J.; Choi, Jungyill; Mooney, Robert H.; Giddings, Jefferson B.

Publication_Date: 2000
Title:
Interaction between ground water and surface water in the northern Everglades and relation to water budget and mercury cycling: study methods and appendixes
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 00-168
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details:
Prepared in cooperation with the South Florida Water Management District
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/ofr/00-168/>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Harvey, Judson W.

Krupa, Steven L.; Gefvert, Cynthia; Mooney, Robert H.; Choi, Jungyill; King, Susan A.; Giddings, Jefferson B.

Publication_Date: 2002
Title:
Interactions between surface water and ground water and effects on mercury transport in the north-central Everglades
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Water Resources Investigations Report
Issue_Identification: 02-4050
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/wri/02-4050/>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Choi, J.

Harvey, J. W.

Publication_Date: 2000
Title:
Quantifying time-varying ground-water discharge and recharge in wetlands of the Northern Florida Everglades
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Wetlands
Issue_Identification: v. 20, n. 3
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: McLean, VA
Publisher: Society of Wetland Scientists
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/papers/quantgwdisnrech/>
Online_Linkage:
<https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/papers/quantgwdisnrech/quantgwdisnreach.pdf>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Krest, James M.

Harvey, Judson W.

Publication_Date: 2003
Title:
Using natural distributions of short-lived radium isotopes to quantify groundwater discharge and recharge
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Limnology and Oceanography
Issue_Identification: v. 48, n. 1
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Washington, DC
Publisher: American Society of Limnology and Oceanography
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/papers/radium_gw/>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Harvey, J.W.

Newlin, J. T.; Krest, J. M.; Choi, J.; Nemeth, E. A.; Krupa, S. L.

Publication_Date: 2004
Title:
Surface-water and ground-water interactions in the central Everglades, Florida
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Scientific Investigations Report
Issue_Identification: 2004-5069
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/sir/2004-5069/>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Harvey, J. W.

Krupa, S. L.; Krest, J. M.

Publication_Date: 2004
Title: Ground water recharge and discharge in the Central Everglades
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Journal of Ground Water, Oceans Issue 2004
Issue_Identification: v. 42, n. 7
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Westerville, OH
Publisher: National Ground Water Association
Other_Citation_Details: reprinted with permission from Judson W. Harvey et al.
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/papers/gw_discharge/>

Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report: not applicable
Completeness_Report: Not all sites have data for all categories
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
All wells and horizontal measuring points were surveyed by global positioning (GPS). The location of measuring points are reported with reference to the North American Datum of 1927 (NAD 27). Using the Army Corps of Engineers program Corpscon, horizontal coordinates were transformed to Northings and Eastings in the Universal Transverse Metcator (UTM) coordinate system. Horizontal positions were gathered using either a Trimble PRO XR GPS unit, a Rockwell PLGR unit, or a Garmin unit. In all cases the accuracy is expected to be better than +/- 100 feet, which is suffiecient for this project.
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
Vertical ground points near or on wells were surveyed using GPS techniques by USGS Geography personnel in October 1998. Elevations in the NGVD29 datum were derived from the observed NAD 83 ellipsoid heights and the NGS GEOID96 model. The estimated accuracy of derived elevations is +/- 0.07 meters.

The elevations for vertical control points near wells were transferred to well top control points.

Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Location surveys

All wells and horizontal measuring points were surveyed by global positioning (GPS). Vertical measuring points on land surface, staff gauges, and well tops were determined by leveling.

Thirty-five monitoring wells were emplaced in the Surficial aquifer at depths ranging from 15 feet to 180 feet below the wetland sediment surface. Of those wells, eleven were drilled on levees surrounding ENR or WCA-2A to more efficiently utilize full size drilling rigs to obtain core material from the entire depth of the aquifer and to emplace the deep wells that were needed for hydrologic monitoring. Twenty-four monitoring wells were drilled at interior sites in the wetlands requiring the use of a portable tripod-drilling rig in WCA-2A and a specialized floating barge in ENR.

To prevent cross contamination from soil/debris between drilling sites, all equipment was steam cleaned at a staging area located at least 2000 feet from the well drilling locations. The contractor was required to bring in city water via the drill rig or support truck for all operations. The city water was tested for trace levels of mercury prior to any drilling activity/ No surface water was used for any cleaning or drilling.

Boreholes were drilled and monitoring wells emplaced on levees by contractors. All borehole wells were drilled using the mud-rotary drilling method. The eight deep wells (greater than 95 feet below land surface) were drilled first to allow geophysical logging to be completed. The geophysical logging allowed onsite evaluation of lithological data and aided in eh placement of screen intervals if the monitoring wells. The boreholes at these sites were geological sampled using either standard penetration testing and standard coring or wirleline coring. Only the seven deepest boreholes were selected for geophysical logging.

The 2-inch diameter wells at ENR and S10-C levee-based sites consisted of a two-foot section on 0.010-inch PVC screen and ten and five-foot sections pf 2-inch PVS riser pipe. Care was taken to prevent contamination during the drilling process. Wells and piezometers at the six interior ENR sites were installed by a contractor using a floating drilling barge. All samples were collected by the wireline coring method.

Wells at the six interior WCA-2A sites were installed by USGS staff utilizing their portable tripod drilling rig with rotary coring capabilities. Surface water was used as the drilling fluid for this operation and was pumped down the annular space via hydraulic pumps. No drilling muds were used at the WCA-2A sites. As soon as possible after well emplacement, wells were developed by pumping at high flow rates for one hour or until all turbidity had cleared, whichever took longer.

Unconsolidated sediment samples were obtains from Split-spoon samples or Wireline samples at five sites in the ENR and at one site located at the S-10C site in WCA-2A. A small amount of unconsolidated sand material was extracted from the Standard Penetration Test (SPT) liner and continuous cores at two-foot intervals for sieve analysis to identify different depositional environments within the aquifer.

All samples of limestone obtained from the coring and drilling operations were reviewed and checked for competence. Only samples collected from the six deep boreholes that were geophysically logged were considered for further analysis. Samples were analyzed to determine the porosity and hydraulic conductivity of the selected limestones, percent (by weight), of potassium, concentration of uranium and thorium, and total gamma count.

Dried and sieved sand fractions were returned to the SFWMD in Ziploc freezer bags, marked with the boring number, sample number, sieved fraction and site location. Each soil boring was boxed. Each fraction of dry-sieved sand was sorted through to identify complete shells or shell fragments. Each soil boring was assigned a Munsell color chart number. Once the shells were separated out for each two-foot interval, a hydrogeologist identified them.

SFWMD staff used a software program to estimate the hydraulic conductivity of each sieve sample. The program used ten equations and the grain-size statistics to calculate hydraulic conductivity. The ten resulting values were the arithmetically averaged to improve the reliability of the estimate of hydraulic conductivity.

Hydraulic conductivity was also determined by field drawdown tests. The drawdown tests were scheduled only after the wells had been fully developed and after at least one round of water quality sampling. The same test method was used at each site.

See OFR 00-483 for a more complete description of the field methods and laboratory analysis of the data.

Process_Date: 1999
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Judson W. Harvey
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Project Chief
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 430 National Center
City: Reston
State_or_Province: VA
Postal_Code: 20192
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 703 648-5876
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 703 648 5484
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jwharvey@usgs.gov

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Indirect_Spatial_Reference: Taylor Slough

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.001
Longitude_Resolution: 0.001
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Degrees, minutes, and decimal seconds
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1927
Ellipsoid_Name: Clarke 1866
Semi-major_Axis: 6378206
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 294.9786982
Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Altitude_System_Definition:
Altitude_Datum_Name: National Geodetic Vertical Datum of 1929
Altitude_Resolution: 0.01
Altitude_Distance_Units: feet
Altitude_Encoding_Method:
Explicit elevation coordinate included with horizontal coordinates

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Data for each site include site id, site type (gw or sw), date, field parameters (temp, pH, DO, ORP, specific conductivity), Lab specific conductivity, color, Ca, Na, Mg, SO2, Cl , alk as CaCO3, SO4, Br, cation/anion balance, ammonium, phosphate, H2, O18, water level observation date, staff, and water depth.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: USGS personnel

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather S.Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 600 Fourth St. South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: hhenkel@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: OFR 00-483
Distribution_Liability: The data have no implied or explicit guarantees
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Abode PDF
Format_Version_Number: unknown
Format_Information_Content:
Data on hydrologic measurements and water quality can be found in the appendixes
Transfer_Size: 1.3
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/ofr/00-483/>
Access_Instructions: Report can be downloaded from the SOFIA website
Fees: none

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20070225
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 600 Fourth Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: sofia-metadata@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Access_Constraints: none
Metadata_Use_Constraints:
This metadata record may have been copied from the SOFIA website and may not be the most recent version. Please check <https://sofia.usgs.gov/metadata> to be sure you have the most recent version.

This page is <https://sofia.usgs.gov/metadata/sflwww/hydro_wq_ofr_00-483.html>

U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey
Comments and suggestions? Contact: Heather Henkel - Webmaster
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