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Impacts of Hydrologic and Climatic Change on Greater Everglades Marl Prairies, Marshes, and Sloughs

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Debra Willard
Publication_Date: Unpublished Material
Title:
Impacts of Hydrologic and Climatic Change on Greater Everglades Marl Prairies, Marshes, and Sloughs
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: project
Online_Linkage:
<https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/index.php?project_url=impacts_gepms>
Description:
Abstract:
The initial objective of this project is reconstruction of marl prairie vegetation and hydroperiod for the last few centuries to evaluate impacts of climate variability and anthropogenic alteration of hydrology on this critical habitat. An additional objective of the project is refinement of down-core estimates of hydroperiod and stage by calibrating results from new and existing cores with nearby stream gage records.
Purpose:
The overall goal of this project, and related previous ecosystem history projects, is to document the predrainage distribution of vegetation and reconstruct paleohydrology of marl prairies, marshes, and sloughs of south Florida, in response to client groups that have been tasked with setting performance measures and targets for these key wetland habitats.

The immediate goals of this project are to develop a spatially complete reconstruction of the vegetation and hydrologic history of Everglades marl prairie habitats, to determine the timing of initial marl accumulation, and to improve our understanding of the patterns and causes of historical vegetation change. These data will be critical to improve forecasts of marl prairie response to different restoration scenarios.

A number of specific "major unanswered questions" listed in the DOI Science Plan will be addressed by this research. These include the following:

Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee NWR Internal Canal Structures:

What hydrologic targets will restore the natural predrainage hydrology? What is the ecological response to hydrologic change?

Water Conservation Area 3 Decompartmentalization and Sheetflow Enhancement:

What were the physical and ecological conditions in the Greater Everglades prior to drainage and modification, including physical, chemical, and biological processes responsible for development and persistence of soils and geomorphological patterns in the historical Everglades landscape

Additional Water for Everglades National Park and Biscayne Bay Feasibility Study:

What were the physical and ecological conditions in Shark River and Taylor Sloughs and Biscayne Bay prior to drainage and modification, including historic hydrologic, geologic, ecological, and water quality conditions?

Landscape-Scale Modeling:

What are the physical conditions in the Greater Everglades prior to drainage and how will the existing conditions respond to water management?

Recovery of Vegetative Communities and Multiple Animal Species:

How do we optimize the benefits of restoration for protected avian species in South Florida while minimizing tradeoffs caused by conflicting habitat needs?

This study supports these CERP projects by 1) conducting research to reconstruct past vegetation and hydrology and understand relative impacts of natural climate variability and human alteration of hydrology on critical habitats; 2) determining the primary external drivers of habitat formation and degradation; 3) providing modelers with data on historic/predrainage conditions to validate model estimates of predrainage hydrology; and 4) providing a predrainage land-cover dataset for use in a range of climate and hydrologic models.

Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20071001
Ending_Date: 20120930
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -81.5
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -80
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 26.75
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 25.125
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Theme_Keyword: pollen
Theme_Keyword: hydrology
Theme_Keyword: geochronology
Theme_Keyword: biology
Theme_Keyword: Cape Sable Seaside Sparrows
Theme_Keyword: stable isotopes
Theme_Keyword: charcoal
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: biota
Theme_Keyword: environment
Theme_Keyword: inlandWaters
Theme_Keyword: 002
Theme_Keyword: 007
Theme_Keyword: 012
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1995, Countries, Dependencies, Areas of Special Sovereignty, and Their Principal Administrative Divisions, Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 10-4, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: US
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
U.S. Department of Commerce, 1987, Codes for the identification of the States, the District of Columbia and the outlying areas of the United States, and associated areas (Federal Information Processing Standard 5-2): Washington, DC, NIST
Place_Keyword: Florida
Place_Keyword: FL
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1990, Counties and Equivalent Entities of the United States, Its Possessions, and Associated Areas, FIPS 6-3, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: Palm Beach County
Place_Keyword: Broward County
Place_Keyword: Miami-Dade County
Place_Keyword: Monroe County
Place_Keyword: Collier County
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Geographic Names Information System
Place_Keyword: Everglades National Park
Place_Keyword: Big Cypress National Preserve
Place_Keyword: Arthur R. Marshall- Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge
Place_Keyword: Shark River Slough
Place_Keyword: Cape Sable
Place_Keyword: Taylor Slough
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Place_Keyword: Central Everglades
Place_Keyword: SW Big Cypress
Place_Keyword: Water Conservation Area 2
Place_Keyword: Water Conservation Area 3
Place_Keyword: WCA2
Place_Keyword: WCA3
Place_Keyword: marl prairies
Place_Keyword: sloughs
Access_Constraints: none
Use_Constraints: none
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Debra A Willard
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 926A National Center
City: Reston
State_or_Province: VA
Postal_Code: 20192
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 703 648 5320
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 703 648 6953
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: dwillard@usgs.gov
Data_Set_Credit:
Project personnel include Christopher Bernhardt, Bryan Landacre, Marci Marot, Thomas Sheehan, J. Sah, and Paul Conrads
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Bernhardt, C.E

Willard, D. A.

Publication_Date: 2007
Title:
Marl prairie vegetation response to 20th century hydrologic change
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2006-1355
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details: accessed as of 5/30/2011
Online_Linkage: <http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/djvu/OFR/2006/ofr_2006_1355.pdf>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of the Interior
Publication_Date: 2005
Title:
Science Plan in Support of Ecosystem Restoration, Preservation, and Protection in South Florida
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Washington, DC
Publisher: U.S. Department of the Interior
Other_Citation_Details: accessed as of 5/30/2011
Online_Linkage:
<https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/reports/doi-science-plan/2005-DOI-Science-Plan-final.pdf>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Bernhardt, C. E.

Willard, D. D.

Publication_Date: 2009
Title:
Response of the Everglades ridge and slough landscape to climate variability and 20th-century water management
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Ecological Applications
Issue_Identification: v. 19, n. 7, p. 1723-1738
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Washington, DC
Publisher: Ecological Society of America
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 5/30/2011

The full article is available via journal subscription or single article purchase. The abstract may be viewed on the website below.

Online_Linkage: <http://www.esajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1890/08-0779.1>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Larsen, L.

Aumen, N.; Bernhardt, C.; Engel, V.; Givnish, T.; Hagerthey, S.; Harvey, J.; Leonard, L.; McCormick, P.; McVoy, C.; Noe, G.; Nungesser, M.; Rutchey, K.; Sklar, F.; Troxler, T.; Volin, J.; Willard, D.

Publication_Date: 2011
Title:
Recent and historic drivers of landscape change in the Everglades ridge, slough, and tree island mosaic
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology
Issue_Identification: v. 41, supplement 1, p. 344-381
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Philadelphia, PA
Publisher: Taylor and Francis, Inc.
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 5/30/2011

The full article is available via journal subscription or single article purchase. The abstract may be viewed on the website below.

Online_Linkage:
<http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~db=all~content=a933737173~frm=abslink>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Willard, D. A.

Bernhardt, C. E.

Publication_Date: 2011
Title:
Impacts of past climate and sea level change on Everglades wetlands: placing a century of anthropogenic change into a late-Holocene context
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Climatic Change
Issue_Identification: v. 107, n. 1-2, p. 59-80
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Dordrecht, The Netherlands
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 6/21/2011

The full article is available via journal subscription or single article purchase. The abstract may be viewed on the website below.

The article is from "Special Issue: Sea Level Rise in Florida: An Emerging Ecological and Social Crisis"

Online_Linkage: <http://www.springerlink.com/content/mw6732153581396q/>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Bernhardt, C. E.
Publication_Date: 2011
Title:
Native Americans, regional drought, and tree island evolution in the Florida Everglades
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: The Holocene
Issue_Identification: not available
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: online
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 6/21/2011

Published online first on April 20, 2011.

The full article is available via journal subscription or single article purchase. The abstract may be viewed on the website below

Online_Linkage:
<http://hol.sagepub.com/content/early/2011/04/20/0959683611400204.abstract>

Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report: not available
Completeness_Report: not available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
We collected a total of 70 sediment cores from 35 sites in six Cape Sable Seaside Sparrow (CSSS) subpopulations. We photographed, described, and sampled five cores from CSSS subpopulations B-F.
Process_Date: 2008
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Pollen and charcoal analysis were completed on five marl prairie cores from five different CSSS subpopulations. Six additional cores were described, photographed, and sampled for future analyses.
Process_Date: 2009
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Pollen, charcoal, and carbon isotope analysis were completed on six marl prairie cores selected in consultation with colleagues at Everglades National Park. Age models based on radiocarbon dates, short-lived radioisotopes (210Pb and 137Cs), and pollen biostratigraphy were generated for each core. Other previously collected cores will be described, photographed, and sectioned for future analyses. In FY11, field work was conducted in Everglades National Park for three purposes. A series of surface samples was collected along vegetation transects established by M. Ross to refine pollen-based interpretation of past vegetation in marl prairie habitats and Shark River Slough. Sediment cores were collected at sites on Cape Sable and on the southwest coast of the Florida peninsula in sites previously occupied by Cape Sable Seaside Sparrows. These cores will be used to determine vegetation and hydrologic characteristics associated with CSSS occupation and abandonment. Sediment cores also were collected at six additional sites in Taylor Slough and Shark River Slough. These sites are co-located with stream gages based on consultation with P. Conrads and F. Marshall for model calibration studies.
Process_Date: 2011
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Debra A Willard
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 926A National Center
City: Reston
State_or_Province: VA
Postal_Code: 20192
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 703 648 5320
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 703 648 6953
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: dwillard@usgs.gov

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20110621
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 600 Fourth Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: sofia-metadata@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Access_Constraints: none
Metadata_Use_Constraints:
This metadata record may have been copied from the SOFIA website and may not be the most recent version. Please check <https://sofia.usgs.gov/metadata> to be sure you have the most recent version.

This page is <https://sofia.usgs.gov/metadata/sflwww/impacts_gepms.html>

U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey
Comments and suggestions? Contact: Heather Henkel - Webmaster
Generated by mp version 2.8.18 on Tue Jun 21 16:34:16 2011