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Sea Level Rise and Climate: Impacts on the Greater Everglades Ecosystem and Restoration

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Lynn Wingard
Publication_Date: Unpublished Material
Title:
Sea Level Rise and Climate: Impacts on the Greater Everglades Ecosystem and Restoration
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: project
Online_Linkage:
<https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/index.php?project_url=impacts_slrclim>
Description:
Abstract:
This project will address the questions of rates and impacts of sea level rise on the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP) by utilizing paleoecologic tools and salinity models to examine changes to the Greater Everglades Ecosystem over the past 500-3000 years. Historical rates of change will be compared to potential sea level rise conditions under different Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) climate change scenarios. The relationship between sea level, salinity, habitats and biota will be examined, and ecologic indicators of sea level rise will be identified.
Purpose:
Predictions of sea level rise of 18-59 cm by the year 2099 were presented in the IPCC Report of 2007, but these estimates excluded contributions from melting glacial ice. Recent estimates presented at the Copenhagen Climate Conference (March 2009) suggest sea level will rise a minimum of 50 cm and probably reach 100 cm or more. These estimates present a significant level of uncertainty for South Florida ecosystem restoration. Almost all of the Greater Everglades Ecosystem is less than 5 m above current sea level. A number of factors make South Florida particularly vulnerable to problems associated with rising sea level and global climate change: 1) low elevation; 2) lack of topographic gradient to promote drainage; 3) water table at or near the surface; 4) no upland source of sediment to resupply coast; 5) probability of increasing strength and number of tropical storms; 6) thermal expansion of the oceans (some models show the thermosteric anomalies being greater off the coast of Florida (Plag, 2006)); and 7) the fact that water management practices have reduced freshwater flow during the 20th century and thus increased the rate of encroachment of saline waters. Long term tidal gauge records show that Florida has been undergoing a 1.9 mm yr-1 increase in relative sea level between 1950-2000 (Miller and Douglas, 2006; Plag, 2006). The questions are how does this recent rate of relative sea level rise compare to pre-anthropogenic rates, has anthropogenic alteration of the South Florida environment increased the impact of rising sea level, and what are the projected future rates under various IPCC scenarios?

In an ecosystem based on the supply of freshwater, and a restoration plan based on "getting the water right", understanding potential impacts of sea level rise is critical. One of the primary questions that have surfaced in recent CERP team discussions about climate change and sea level rise is whether restoring more natural flows to the Everglades can restore the ecosystem's natural resiliency. While worrying about the long term affects of climate change and sea level rise, CERP project managers are faced with the immediate need to set restoration targets and performance measures. These targets and performance measures need to be attainable and sustainable, but how should attainable and sustainable be defined in the face of global change? Given the range in predictions and the level of uncertainty, what tools do managers have to incorporate sea level rise into restoration planning? The estuaries of the Greater Everglades provide the perfect living laboratory to study the long term impacts and implications of sea level rise on the ecosystem.

Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20091001
Ending_Date: 20140930
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -81.25
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -80
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 25.75
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 24.5
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Theme_Keyword: biology
Theme_Keyword: salinity
Theme_Keyword: hydrology
Theme_Keyword: climate change
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: biota
Theme_Keyword: climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
Theme_Keyword: environment
Theme_Keyword: imageryBaseMapsEarthCover
Theme_Keyword: oceans
Theme_Keyword: 002
Theme_Keyword: 004
Theme_Keyword: 007
Theme_Keyword: 012
Theme_Keyword: 014
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1995, Countries, Dependencies, Areas of Special Sovereignty, and Their Principal Administrative Divisions, Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 10-4, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: US
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
U.S. Department of Commerce, 1987, Codes for the identification of the States, the District of Columbia and the outlying areas of the United States, and associated areas (Federal Information Processing Standard 5-2): Washington, DC, NIST
Place_Keyword: Florida
Place_Keyword: FL
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1990, Counties and Equivalent Entities of the United States, Its Possessions, and Associated Areas, FIPS 6-3, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: Miami-Dade County
Place_Keyword: Monroe County
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Geographic Names Information System
Place_Keyword: Shark River Slough
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Place_Keyword: Central Everglades
Place_Keyword: mangrove ecotone
Place_Keyword: SW Big Cypress
Access_Constraints: none
Use_Constraints: nonq
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Lynn Wingard
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 926A National Center
City: Reston
State_or_Province: VA
Postal_Code: 20192
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 703 648-5352
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 703 648-6953
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: lwingard@usgs.gov
Data_Set_Credit:
Project personnel include C. Bernhardt, T. Cronin, M. Marot, J. Murray, T. Colley, T. Sheehan, B. Stackhouse, D. Willard, and F. Marshall
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Miller, L.

Douglas, B. C.

Publication_Date: 2006
Title: On the rate and causes of twentieth century sea-level rise
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society
Issue_Identification: v. 364, p. 805-820
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: online
Publisher: The Royal Society
Other_Citation_Details: accessed as of 4/25/2011
Online_Linkage:
<http://rsta.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/364/1841/805.full.pdf+html>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Plag, Hans-Peter
Publication_Date: 2006
Title:
Recent relative sea-level trends: an attempt to quantify the forcing factors
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society
Issue_Identification: v. 364, p. 821-844
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: online
Publisher: The Royal Society
Other_Citation_Details: accessed as of 4/25/2011
Online_Linkage:
<http://rsta.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/364/1841/821.full.pdf>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Allison, I.

Bindoff, N. L.; Bindschadler, R. A.; Cox, P. M.; de Noblet, N.; England, M. H.; Francis, J. E.; Gruber, N.; Haywood, A. M.; Karoly, D. J.; Kaser, G.; Le Quere, C. Lenton, T. M.; Mann, M. E.; McNeil, B. I.; Pitman, A. J.; Rahmstorf, S.; Rignot, E,; Schellnhuber, H. J.; Schneider, S. H.; Sherwood, S. C.; Somervile, R. C. J.; Steffen, K.; Steig, E. J.; Visbeck, M.; Weaver, A. J.

Publication_Date: 2009
Title:
The Copenhagen Diagnosis: Updating the World on the Latest Climate Science
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Sydney, Australia
Publisher: University of New South Wales Climate Change Research Centre
Other_Citation_Details: accessed as of 4/25/2011
Online_Linkage:
<http://www.ccrc.unsw.edu.au/Copenhagen/Copenhagen_Diagnosis_LOW.pdf>

Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report: not available
Completeness_Report: not available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
In FY10 we will initiate an analysis of the relationship between salinity and sea level rise, focusing on the southwest coastal mangrove ecotone. A preliminary list of indicator species/assemblages will be compiled for determining migration of the saltwater/freshwater transition zone. We will compile existing records from USGS, Penn State, and other databases that provide information on position of sea level in the later part of the Holocene for South Florida and relationships between climate patterns and sea level. Reconnaissance will be conducted, and if permits are obtained, three new cores will be collected from the marsh areas of Shark River Slough and examined for pollen and any faunal remains. These cores will broaden our existing coverage of the area and address the role of freshwater / saltwater transition on the location of vegetation types and associated fauna.
Process_Date: Not complete
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Lynn Wingard
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 926A National Center
City: Reston
State_or_Province: VA
Postal_Code: 20192
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 703 648-5352
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 703 648-6953
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: lwingard@usgs.gov

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20110425
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 600 Fourth Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: sofia-metadata@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Access_Constraints: none
Metadata_Use_Constraints:
This metadata record may have been copied from the SOFIA website and may not be the most recent version. Please check <https://sofia.usgs.gov/metadata> to be sure you have the most recent version.

This page is <https://sofia.usgs.gov/metadata/sflwww/impacts_slrclim.html>

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Generated by mp version 2.8.18 on Mon Apr 25 16:28:41 2011