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Influence of Hydrology on Life-History Parameters of Common Freshwater Fishes from Southern Florida

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
William F. Loftus (retired)

Leo Nico; Joel trexler

Publication_Date: 2005
Title:
Influence of Hydrology on Life-History Parameters of Common Freshwater Fishes from Southern Florida
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: project
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/index.php?project_url=lh_param>
Description:
Abstract:
We have made three collections of the large-bodied fishes from canal sites, taken otoliths from over 700 specimens, and set up a dozen large tanks in the mesocosm facility in ENP. There we have used pit-tags to individually mark several dozen fishes of five target species that have been injected with oxytetracycline to place a mark on their hard tissues. These fishes will be maintained in the mesocosm for over one year to validate the deposition of annual or semiannual rings. We are determining the best method of classifying the ova of the fishes as to stage of readiness. We have dissected the gonads from more than 800 fishes for this analysis. For the small fish segment, we have sorted collections of fishes from the two hydroperiod sites and are dissecting them to collect the tiny otoliths, and to perform preliminary examinations of the gonads. We are also beginning to raise captive fishes for aging validation. Field collections will continue for two years and lab/statistical analyses for another year.
Purpose:
The objectives of this project are to establish age-size relationships for 11 species of fishes, construct life-tables, study reproductive phenology and fecundity, and apply the data to simulation models and to field data time-series. Work on this project began in late 1999 and is divided into large-fish and small-fish segments.
Supplemental_Information:
This project was completed in 2003. It was continued as Quantitative Sampling of Freshwaster Fish Species within the Big Cypress National Preserve: A Long-Term Research Project to Evaluate the Ecological Effects of CERP
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1999
Ending_Date: 2003
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent: Big Cypress National Preserve
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -81.75
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -80.75
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 26.3
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 25.5
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Theme_Keyword: biology
Theme_Keyword: model
Theme_Keyword: habitat
Theme_Keyword: freshwater fishes
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: environment
Theme_Keyword: biota
Theme_Keyword: 002
Theme_Keyword: 007
Theme_Keyword: inlandWaters
Theme_Keyword: 012
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1995, Countries, Dependencies, Areas of Special Sovereignty, and Their Principal Administrative Divisions, Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 10-4, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: US
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
U.S. Department of Commerce, 1987, Codes for the identification of the States, the District of Columbia and the outlying areas of the United States, and associated areas (Federal Information Processing Standard 5-2): Washington, DC, NIST
Place_Keyword: Florida
Place_Keyword: FL
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1990, Counties and Equivalent Entities of the United States, Its Possessions, and Associated Areas, FIPS 6-3, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: Collier County
Place_Keyword: Monroe County
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Geographic Names Information System
Place_Keyword: Big Cypress National Preserve
Place_Keyword: Big Cypress Swamp
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Place_Keyword: SW Big Cypress
Taxonomy:
Keywords/Taxon:
Taxonomic_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Taxonomic_Keywords: animals
Taxonomic_Keywords: fish
Taxonomic_Keywords: multiple species
Taxonomic_System:
Classification_System/Authority:
Classification_System_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Turgeon, D. D.

Quinn, J. F., Jr.; Bogan, A. E.; Coan, E. V.; Hochberg, F. G.; Lyons, W. G.; Mikkelsen, P. M.; Neves, R. J.; Roper, C. F. E.; Rosenberg, G.; Roth, B.; Scheltema, A.; Thompson, F. G.; Vecchione, M.; Williams, J. D.

Publication_Date: 1998
Title:
Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: mollusks
Edition: 2nd
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Special Publication
Issue_Identification: 26
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Bethesda, MD
Publisher: American Fisheries Society
Taxonomic_Procedures:
Sampling was conducted according to a stratified design based on habitat type. The majority of sites were located within 250 meters of roads or trails passable by truck to simplify access. Sites were also reached by boat, all-terrain vehicle, helicopter, and airboat when these means of transportation were available. Habitat heterogeneity made random selection of sites difficult, particularly during the dry season, as no sufficiently detailed hydrology data existed to insure that randomly selected sites would be inundated. In those cases, sites were haphazardly selected to insure the presence of standing surface water.

The diversity of habitat types in Big Cypress presents considerable challenges to the development of a comprehensive sampling regime, as the effectiveness of any given methodology varies between habitats. To compensate for this, numerous techniques were employed during this study. A variety of fish traps have been used extensively, as well as electrofishing gear, gill nets, cast nets, dip nets, and angling.

The location of each sampling site was recorded as universal transverse mercator (UTM) coordinates using a Garmin Etrex Vista GPS.

Project personnel collected and curated representative vouchers for all captured species whenever practical. Specimens too large to effectively preserve have been documented photographically using a digital camera. Vouchers have been collected independently for each habitat type sampled. Additionally, to ensure complete spatial coverage of the preserve, vouchers of each species have been collected from the north, central, and southern regions of Big Cypress. Information regarding each voucher was entered into the project Access database, and each was assigned a unique identifier to link with related sampling information. Voucher collection is an ongoing process and will continue for the duration of the study. Upon completion of this project, vouchers will be transferred to an NPS-identified repository.

Taxonomic_Completeness:
For each sample, all specimens were identified to species, and total catch per species recorded. Total lengths.were measured for the first 20 randomly selected individuals of each species to obtain a representative size distribution. Water temperature, pH, salinity, and dissolved oxygen were measured for each site when possible, however, instrumentation problems precluded this for much of the year. Project personnel borrowed a Hydrolab 4a minisonde and datalogger from the BICY hydrology department to resolve these problems. For electrofishing expeditions, water conductivity was determined using a YSI-33 conductivity meter.
General_Taxonomic_Coverage: Specimens were identified to species
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Kingdom
Taxon_Rank_Value: Animalia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Phylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chordata
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subphylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Vertebrata
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Superclass
Taxon_Rank_Value: Osteichthyes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Actinopterygii
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subclass
Taxon_Rank_Value: Neopterygii
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Infraclass
Taxon_Rank_Value: Teleostei
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Superorder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Acanthopterygii
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Atheriniformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Atherinopsidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Menidiinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Labidesthes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Labidesthes sicculus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Menidia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Menidia beryllina
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Beloniformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Suborder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Belonoidei
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Superfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Scomberesocoidea
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Belonidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Strongylura
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Strongylura marina
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Strongylura notata
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Strongylura timucu
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cyprinodontiformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Suborder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cyprinodontoidei
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cyprinodontidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cyprinodontinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Tribe
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cyprinodontini
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cyprinodon
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cyprinodon variegatus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Floridichthys
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Floridichthys carpio
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Jordanella
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Jordanella floridae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fundulidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Adinia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Adinia xenica
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fundulus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fundulus chrysotus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fundulus confluentus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fundulus grandis
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fundulus seminolis
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Fundulus similis
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lucania
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lucania goodei
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lucania parva
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Poeciliidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Poeciliinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Belonesox
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Belonesox belizanus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gambusia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gambusia holbrooki
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Heterandria
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Heterandria formosa
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Poecilia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Poecilia latipinna
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mugiliformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mugilidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mugil
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Mugil cephalus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Perciformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Suborder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Elassomatoidei
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Elassomatidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Elassoma
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Elassoma evergladei
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Suborder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gobioidei
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gobiidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Bathygobius
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Bathygobius soporator
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lophogobius
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lophogobius cyprinoides
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Microgobius
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Microgobius gulosus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Suborder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Labroidei
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cichlidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Astronotus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Astronotus ocellatus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cichlasoma
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cichlasoma bimaculatum
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cichlasoma urophthalma
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chiclasoma managuensis
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oreochromis
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Oreochromis aureus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tilapia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tilapia mariae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Suborder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Percoidei
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Carangidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Caranx
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Caranx hippos
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Centrarchidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lepomis
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lepomis macrochirus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lepomis marginatus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lepomis microlophus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lepomis punctatus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lepomis gulosus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Micropterus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Micropterus salmoides
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pomoxis
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pomoxis nigromaculatus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Centropomidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Centropominae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Centropomus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Centropomus undecimalis
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Echeneidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Echeneis
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Echeneis naucrates
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Gerreidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eucinostomus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eucinostomus harengulus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eucinostomus gula
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eugerres
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Eugerres plumieri
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lutjanidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lutjaninae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lutjanus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lutjanus griseus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Percidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Etheostoma
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Etheostoma fusiforme
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sciaenidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sciaenops
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sciaenops ocellatus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Sparidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Archosargus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Archosargus probatocephalus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lagodon
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lagodon rhomboides
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pleuronectiformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Suborder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Pleuronectoidei
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Achiridae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Achirus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Achirus lineatus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Trinectes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Trinectes maculatus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Synbranchiformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Suborder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Synbranchoidei
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Synbranchidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Monopterus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Monopterus albus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Superorder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Clupeomorpha
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Clupeiformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Suborder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Clupeoidei
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Engraulidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Engraulinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anchoa
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anchoa mitchilli
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Superorder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Elopomorpha
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anguilliformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Suborder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anguilloidei
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anguillidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anguilla
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Anguilla rostrata
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Elopiformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Elopidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Elops
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Elops saurus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Megalopidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Megalops
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Megalops atlanticus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Superorder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ostariophysi
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cypriniformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Superfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cobitoidea
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Catostomidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Catostominae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Tribe
Taxon_Rank_Value: Moxostomatini
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Erimyzon
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Erimyzon sucetta
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Superfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cyprinoidea
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Cyprinidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Notemigonus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Notemigonus crysoleucas
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Notropis
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Notropis maculatus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Notropis petersoni
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Siluriformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ariidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Arius
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ariopsis felis
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Callichthyidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subfamily
Taxon_Rank_Value: Callichthyinae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Hoplosternum
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Hoplosternum littorale
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Clariidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Clarias
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Clarias batrachus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ictaluridae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ameiurus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ameiurus natalis
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ameiurus nebulosus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ictalurus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Ictalurus punctatus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Noturus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Noturus gyrinus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Superorder
Taxon_Rank_Value: Protacanthopterygii
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Esociformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Esocidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Esox
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Esox americanus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Esox niger
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Amiiformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Amiidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Amia
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Amia calva
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Semionotiformes
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lepisosteidae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lepisosteus
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Lepisosteus platyrhincus
Access_Constraints: none
Use_Constraints: none
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Joel Trexler
Contact_Organization:
Florida International University, Department of Biological Sciences
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 11208 S.W. 8th Street
City: Miami
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33199
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 305 348-1966
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 305 348-4032
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: trexlerj@fiu.edu
Data_Set_Credit:
Personnel from The National Audubon Society are collaborators in this project.
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Data are available as MS Access database and as MS Excel spreadsheet
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Loftus, William F.
Publication_Date: 2000
Title: Inventory of the fishes in Everglades National Park
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Florida Scientist
Issue_Identification: v. 63, n.1
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Orlando, FL
Publisher: Florida Academy of Sciences
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Lorenz, J. J.

McIvor, C. C.; Powell , G. V. N.; Frederick, P. C.

Publication_Date: 1997
Title:
A drop net and removable walkway used to quantitatively sample fishes over wetland surfaces in the dwarf mangroves of the southern Everglades
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Wetlands
Issue_Identification: v. 17, n. 3, p. 346-359
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: McLean, VA
Publisher: Society of Wetlands Scientists
Other_Citation_Details:
accessed as of 8/1/2011

The full article is available via journal subscription or single article purchase. The abstract may be viewed on the website below.

Online_Linkage: <http://www.springerlink.com/content/526p87n765601540/>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Duever, M. J.

Carlson, J. E.; Meeder, J. F.; Duever, L. C.; Gunderson, L. H.; Riopelle, L. A.; Alexander, T. R.; Myers, R. F.; Spangler, D. P.

Publication_Date: 1979
Title:
Resource inventory and analysis of the Big Cypress National Preserve
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Naples, FL
Publisher:
Center for Wetlands, UF-Gainesville and National Audubon Society
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Loftus, W. F.

Eklund, A. M.

Publication_Date: 1994
Title: Long-term dynamics of an Everglades fish community
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Delray Beach, FL
Publisher: St. Lucie Press
Other_Citation_Details:
Chapter 19 in Everglades: the system and its restoration

S. Davis and J. C. Ogden, editors

Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Trexler, J. C.

Loftus, W. F.

Publication_Date: 2001
Title:
Analysis of relationships of Everglades fish with hydrology using long-term databases from Everglades National Park
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Miami, FL
Publisher: Florida International University
Other_Citation_Details:
Final report to Everglades National Park under FIU Cooperative Agreement CA5280-8-9003
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Trexler, J. C.

Loftus, W. F.; Jordan, F.; Chick, J. H.; Kandl, K. L.; McElroy, T. C.; Bass, Jr., O. L.

Publication_Date: 2001
Title:
Ecological scale and its implications for freshwater fishes in the Florida Everglades
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: publication
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Boca Raton, FL
Publisher: CRC Press
Other_Citation_Details:
in The Everglades, Florida Bay, and coral reefs of the Florida Keys: an ecosystem sourcebook

J. W. Porter and K. G. Porter, editors


Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report: not applicable
Completeness_Report: not available
Lineage:
Methodology:
Methodology_Type: Field
Methodology_Description:
A variety of fish traps were used extensively as well as electrofishing gear, gill nets, cast nets, dip nets, and angling.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
In this study we propose to collect information for common large- and small-bodied species by taking advantage of existing or newly funded fish studies in south Florida. These include the throw-trap program for small-fish monitoring, and a new electrofishing study of larger native and introduced species in canals. From the electrofishing study, Dr. Nico and graduate student will focus on the collection of the following species:

Non-indigenous species: Spotted tilapia (Tilapia mariae) - an abundant and widespread species;

Native species: Florida gar (Lepisosteus platyrhincus) ÷ abundant predator on other fish and crustaceans; Yellow bullhead (Ameiurus natalis) ÷ most abundant catfish, and also a predator; Warmouth (Lepomis gulosus) - Common sunfish that preys o1i-vrayfish, shrimp, and fish; Spotted sunfish (Lepomis punctatus) ÷ Abundant sunfish that feeds on invertebrates.

Samples of these species from canal habitats, where they are very abundant at drier times of year, will be preserved in formalin for gonadal examination, with another sample saved in ethanol to avoid damage to the calcium-rich hard tissues used for aging. We anticipate that it will be more difficult to collect adequate sample sizes of large fish at high-water times when they disperse from canals into wetlands. Dr. Nico plans to put in more effort at those times, and to supplement his collections with previously preserved specimens in our collections. Collections will be made quarterly throughout the year.

For the small-bodied species, Dr. Trexler and I plan to concentrate on the following species that inhabit marsh habitats, and about which little life-history information is known. Age and growth information has been collected for some of the species (Haake and Dean 1983), but reproductive characteristics require study. These species, in total, represent the most numerous species in the marshes:

Age and Growth data ÷ Sailfin molly (Poecilia latipinna); Flagfish (Jordanella floridae); and Spotted sunfish (Information specifically on marsh populations of spotted sunfish is needed).

Reproduction/phenology ÷ Least killifish (Heterandria formosa); Bluefin killifish (Lucania goodei); Golden topminnow (Fundulus chrysotus); Eastern mosquitofish (Gambusia hoibrooki); Sailfin molly; and Flagfish.

We plan to use existing archived collections of fishes from our extensive spatial and temporal marsh studies for reproductive analyses of fecundity, size of maturity, seasonality of reproduction, and sex ratios. A companion effort to sample larval fish in the wetlands will provide data for recruitment patterns and effort. The preserved collections will be supplemented during routine sampling five times per year by fresh collections of fishes, which will be frozen or preserved in alcohol for otolith (earbone) analysis. The proposed work will include counts of daily rings on otoliths, and size-frequency analyses to create an age-at-size table for each species, and to estimate growth in different seasons and along the hydroperiod gradient. These studies will allow us to construct life-tables for the species under different conditions in the Everglades. Data from several years are needed because each year in the Everglades can be idiosyncratic. We plan to collect field data from at least two years, and supplement those data with previously collected samples to expand the temporal scope of the study.

Process_Date: 1999
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Work planned for 2001 included:

Small-Bodied Species

For the small-bodied species, Dr. Joel Trexler of Florida International University and his students will concentrate on the following species that inhabit marsh habitats and, about which, little life-history information is known. Age and growth information has been collected for some of the species (Haake and Dean 1983), but reproductive characteristics require study. These species, in total, represent the most numerous species in the marshes.

Age and Size Relationships to Estimate Growth Rate - We will establish age-to-size relationships for three marsh fish species: sailfin molly (Poecilia latipinna); flagfish (Jordanella floridae); and spotted sunfish (Information specifically on marsh populations of spotted sunfish is needed). These relationships will be estimated at one representative short (at Shark Valley) and one representative long hydroperiod location (at Shark River Slough). The proposed work will include counts of daily rings on otoliths, and size-frequency analyses to create an age-at-size table for each species, and to estimate growth in two different seasons. These studies will allow us to construct life-tables for the species under different conditions in the Everglades.

We will conduct experimental rearing of these fishes to a known age in field cages in anticipation of otolith removal and interpretation. In past efforts, this approach has demonstrated a very high fidelity of daily ring deposition in sailfin mollies up to the age of 21 days. This result needs to be repeated and expanded to other species. For several reasons, ring deposition becomes less easily interpreted as fish age. These include that the thickness of ring width decreases with age making them increasingly difficult to discriminate, disease and physiological stress unrelated to age also affect deposition. With livebearing fishes it is possible to place neonates into the cages and raise fishes of known age. However, with spotted sunfish and flagfish it may be necessary to take fish of unknown age and mark their otoliths with tetracycline. This is accomplished by emersing the fish in a tetracycline solution that intercalates with the calcium deposited at that time. The rings deposited under these conditions glow under ultraviolet light. The fish is maintained in a cage for a period of time after marking and prior to otolith removal and analysis. The number of rings deposited after the tetracycline dip may then be callibrated with the time known to have passed. This is especially useful to calibrate aging in adult fishes.

Reproduction/phenology - We will document reproductive phenology and output in six marsh fish species: least killifish (Heterandria formosa); bluefin killifish (Lucania goodei); golden topminnow (Fundulus chrysotus); eastern mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki); sailfin molly; and flagfish. We will attempt to use existing archived collections of fishes from the extensive spatial and temporal marsh study collections for reproductive analyses of fecundity, size of maturity, seasonality of reproduction, and sex ratios. If sample sizes are inadequate, supplemental samples will be collected. A companion effort to sample larval fish in the wetlands will provide data for recruitment patterns and effort. The preserved collections will be supplemented during routine sampling five times per year by fresh collections of fishes, which will be frozen or preserved in alcohol for otolith (earbone) analysis. Estimates of reproductive biology will follow Trexler (1985) for livebearing species, and Heins et al. (1986) and Heins (1995) for egg-laying species.

Data from several years are needed because each year in the Everglades can be idiosyncratic. Field data will be collected for a minimum of two years, and supplemented with previously collected samples to expand the temporal scope of the study.

Large-Bodied Species

Non-indigenous species: Spotted tilapia (Tilapia mariae) - an abundant and widespread species. Native species: Florida gar (Lepisosteus platyrhincus) - abundant predator on other fish and crustaceans; Yellow bullhead (Ameiurus natalis) - most abundant catfish, and also a predator; Warmouth (Chaetobryttus gulosus) - Common sunfish that preys on crayfish, shrimp, and fish; and Spotted sunfish (Lepomis punctatus) - Abundant sunfish that feeds on invertebrates.

Samples of these species from canal habitats, where they are very abundant at drier times of year, will be made by Nico during periodic electrofishing trips to south Florida from Gainesville. Specimens will be preserved in formalin for gonadal examination, with a second sample will be saved in ethanol to avoid damage to the calcium-rich hard tissues used for aging. We anticipate that it will be more difficult to collect adequate sample sizes of large fish at high-water times when they disperse from canals into wetlands. Dr. Nico plans to put in more effort at those times, and to supplement his collections with previously preserved specimens from archived existing collections. Collections will be made quarterly throughout the year. The analytical procedures will be similar to those described for the small-bodied species, except that none of the large species appear to be fractional spawners. This makes the estimate of lifetime fecundity somewhat less problematic. For these long-lived species, we do not think it feasible to use daily otolith rings for aging because it becomes difficult to do so because the rings become indistinct. We will investigate this further in the pilot study, but may follow the usual procedure for large fishes of reading annular rings. With that, of course, we will have to validate the timing and frequency of "annualar" ring formation through marking of captive fishes.

Process_Date: 2001
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Work in 2003 included:

1. Inventory of Freshwater Fish Species within the Big Cypress National Preserve, with emphasis on methods testing to design a long-term aquatic biota sampling program

The goal of this project in FY03 is to inventory the freshwater fish in the Big Cypress National Preserve, and simultaneously test sampling methods and designs for a long-term aquatic biota research program for the Preserve. A major ecosystem of the South Florida area, the Big Cypress Swamp, is poorly understood in biological terms. The Department of Interior is responsible for management of most of this system, which is part of the Everglades Restoration Program (CERP). We propose to describe large and small fish and macro-invertebrate ecology in representative habitats of the Swamp in a multiyear study to provide basic inventory information on Swamp communities and ecological data for use in simulation models. The models will be used to plan and evaluate restoration actions during CERP. Presently, inappropriate data from the Everglades are used in the Swamp model.

2. Life-History Characteristics of Common Everglades Fishes

In the final year of this task, we will complete the laboratory analysis of additional and existing samples to assess the biology of the flagfish (Jordanella floridae) and bluefin killifish (Lucania goodei). The life-histories of the flagfish and bluefin killifish will be characterized from existing samples collected at two sites in Everglades National Park that represent different hydroperiod conditions. The analysis of previously collected samples of other large- and small-bodied species will be completed and the results written for publication Because we were unable to collect adequate samples of yellow bullhead catfish (Ameiurus natalis) from the canal sites, we plan to work with our cooperator, Dr. Trexler, to collect samples from marsh habitats for analysis. Dr. Trexler has an ongoing sampling program in the Everglades marsh during which he can collect the samples we need to finish this study component. He can collect samples five times during the year to provide samples from different seasons.

Age-Size relationship: Small fishes collected the hydroperiod study sites in the Everglades marsh are being analyzed for otolith annular counts. The number of fish examined has been determined by the pilot study and is consistent with standard methods for this kind of work. Maximum life expectancy is being estimated by the estimating the ages of large specimens of the two species from our collections. In the large-fish segment, we are analyzing the results of our work with Florida gar and warmouth sunfish, while completing the work begun with spotted tilapia aging. Statistical analysis of the data has begun now that all data have been collected and error-checked. We have done preliminary work with yellow bullhead aging to determine the best tissue for this purpose and we proceed with this work once we have specimens in hand.

Reproductive Biology. Our estimates of reproductive phenology and fecundity in egg-laying fishes have required the dissection of female fish to determine the number and developmental stage of ova. In addition, we have been recording the weight of female fish and of their ovaries for calculations of reproductive allocation. Female flagfish are batch spawners that produce a brood of eggs in discrete spawning events, while bluefin killifish are fractional spawners that release a small number of eggs on a routine basis. These two different modes of reproduction have posed challenges to life-history description. The time interval between breeding bouts and the relationship between egg counts from preserved females and actual number of eggs laid must be determined for flagfish. For bluefin killifish, we must estimate the daily egg production, and the distribution of female reproductive lifespans. To satisfactorily obtain these parameters for these two fishes, we have reared these fishes in mesocosm tanks and aquaria, and harvested eggs from nests (flagfish) or artificial spawning substrates (bluefin killifish

In the large-fish segment, we will complete analysis of reproduction in Florida gar and other large-bodied species by dissection, gonadal examination, and preparation of a gonadal-somatic index for each species. We have also performed a literature review to determine reproductive parameters from other populations of these species. We will perform reproductive analyses with yellow bullheads once we receive specimens.

Process_Date: 2003
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Joel Trexler
Contact_Organization:
Florida International University, Department of Biological Sciences
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 11208 S.W. 8th Street
City: Miami
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33199
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 305 348-1966
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 305 348-4032
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: trexlerj@fiu.edu

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Indirect_Spatial_Reference: Big Cypress National Preserve

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather S. Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 600 Fourth St. South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: hhenkel@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: Big Cypress National Preserve Fish Inventory & Monitoring Data
Distribution_Liability: No warrantees are implied or explicit for the data
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Access
Format_Version_Number: 1997
Transfer_Size: 1.52
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/exchange/loftus_bicy>
Access_Instructions: Log onto the SOFIA website at <https://sofia.usgs.gov>
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Excel
Format_Version_Number: 2000
Transfer_Size: 0.023
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/exchange/loftus_bicy>
Access_Instructions: Log onto the SOFIA website at <https://sofia.usgs.gov>
Fees: none

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20110801
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 600 Fourth Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: sofia-metadata@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name:
Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata Part 1: Biological Data Profile
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001.1-1999
Metadata_Access_Constraints: none
Metadata_Use_Constraints:
This metadata record may have been copied from the SOFIA website and may not be the most recent version. Please check <https://sofia.usgs.gov/metadata> to be sure you have the most recent version.

This page is <https://sofia.usgs.gov/metadata/sflwww/loftus_lh_fishes_04.html>

U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey
Comments and suggestions? Contact: Heather Henkel - Webmaster
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