Home Archived October 29, 2018
(i)
USGS Home
SOFIA Home

Impacts of Hydrological Restoration on Three Estuarine Communities of the Southwest Florida Coast and on Associated Animal Inhabitants

Metadata also available as - [Questions & Answers] - [Parseable text] - [XML]

Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Carole C. McIvor
Publication_Date: 2007
Title:
Impacts of Hydrological Restoration on Three Estuarine Communities of the Southwest Florida Coast and on Associated Animal Inhabitants
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: spreadsheet
Online_Linkage:
<https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/index.php?project_url=impacts_est>
Description:
Abstract:
This project sought to characterize habitat relationships between selected faunal groups and their mangrove environment on the Southwest Florida coast. We described how mangrove associated fish species are distributed in fringing forest habitat along a salinity gradient in the tidal portions of the Shark River; the ecology and population dynamics of diamondback terrapins in the Big Sable Creek complex; experimentally determined the preferred habitat of the specialist fish Rivulus marmoratus via field and laboratory experiments; and how the conversion of mangrove forests to intertidal mud flats in the Big Sable Creek complex has affected fish composition and use of those habitats.

The overall strategy was to collect robust empirical field data on forage fish distribution and abundance that can serve multiple purposes: as performance measures in restoration assessment; as the beginning of a long-term dataset analogous to three very powerful datasets from other locales in the Greater Everglades Ecosystem: 15-20 yr from freshwater marshes, 10 yr from the mangrove ecotone of Taylor Slough and adjacent tidal creeks, and 10-12 yr from Florida Bay; and contribute to the basic ecological understanding of mangrove-associated fishes.

Purpose:
A primary goal of Everglades restoration is the recreation of water flows and water quality more closely approximating pre-drainage conditions in both freshwater and estuarine ecosystems within Everglades National Park. These estuarine systems include submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV), mangroves (tidal forests), and brackish marshes. Four primary groups of animals are closely associated with, and often dependent upon, one or more of these ecosystems: fish and decapod crustaceans (shrimp, crabs), diamondback terrapins, manatees, and wading birds. This research focuses on fish and decapod crustaceans and diamondback terrapins in mangrove tidal forests and associated creeks.

Concern about the fate of mangrove ecosystems derives from their known use as habitat for a wide range of aquatic animal species, especially fishes and decapod crustaceans of forage as well as of commercial and recreational importance. Additionally, in South Florida, mangroves on Cape Sable support a seemingly healthy population of diamondback terrapins, a species at risk in many salt marsh environments on the Gulf and Atlantic coasts.

This project was undertaken to:

(1) determine what fish species make routine use of flooded fringing mangrove forests along the tidal portion of the major drainage of the historical Everglades, i.e., Shark River, and to develop empirical relationships that link species composition, density and biomass to environmental variables at those sites; (2) describe the population structure of a species of special concern, the diamondback terrapin, in mangrove tidal creek habitat within the complex of creeks that make up Big Sable Creek on Cape Sable, and secondarily to determine how this population is related to other populations on the Atlantic and Gulf coasts via DNA analysis; (3) experimentally determine via field and lab experiments the preferred habitat of a species of special concern but a common fish along the Shark River salinity gradient, mangrove rivulus; (4) determine the fisheries impact of the hurricane-induced conversion of mangrove forests to intertidal mudflats in the Big Sable Creek complex.

Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19991001
Ending_Date: 20040930
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Description_of_Geographic_Extent: Southwest Florida coast
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -81.375
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -80.25
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 26
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 24.75
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Theme_Keyword: biology
Theme_Keyword: fish
Theme_Keyword: decapod crustaceans
Theme_Keyword: diamondback terrapins
Theme_Keyword: mangroves
Theme_Keyword: estuaries
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: biota
Theme_Keyword: environment
Theme_Keyword: inlandWaters
Theme_Keyword: 002
Theme_Keyword: 007
Theme_Keyword: 012
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1995, Countries, Dependencies, Areas of Special Sovereignty, and Their Principal Administrative Divisions, Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 10-4, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: US
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
U.S. Department of Commerce, 1987, Codes for the identification of the States, the District of Columbia and the outlying areas of the United States, and associated areas (Federal Information Processing Standard 5-2): Washington, DC, NIST
Place_Keyword: Florida
Place_Keyword: FL
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1990, Counties and Equivalent Entities of the United States, Its Possessions, and Associated Areas, FIPS 6-3, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: Miami-Dade County
Place_Keyword: Monroe County
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Geographic Names Information System
Place_Keyword: Big Sable Creek
Place_Keyword: Everglades National Park
Place_Keyword: Shark River
Place_Keyword: Cape Sable
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Place_Keyword: Central Everglades
Place_Keyword: Southwest coast
Taxonomy:
Keywords/Taxon:
Taxonomic_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Taxonomic_Keywords: animals
Taxonomic_Keywords: plants
Taxonomic_System:
Classification_System/Authority:
Classification_System_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
U.S. Department of Agriculture - Agricultural Research Service (ARS)

U.S. Department of Agriculture - Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) Department of the Interior - U.S. Geological Survey Department of Commerce - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Smithsonian Institution - National Museum of Natural History (NMNH)

Publication_Date: 2000
Title: Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Database
Other_Citation_Details:
Retrieved from the Integrated Taxonomic Information System on-line database, <http://www.itis.gov>.
Online_Linkage: <http://www.itis.gov>
Classification_System/Authority:
Classification_System_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
USDA, NRCS (U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Resources Conservation Service)
Publication_Date: 2007
Title: The Plants Database
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: online database
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Baton Rouge, LA
Publisher: National Plant Data Center
Online_Linkage: <http://plants.usda.gov/>
Taxonomic_Procedures:
In the mangrove forests of Shark River, pilot studies were performed to determine the best design for capturing fishes and decapod crustaceans using flooded forests. A two-pronged approach was applied to this technical challenge. One used 2X3 m2 pull-up nets buried in the forest floor to quantify the density, biomass and population dynamics of a unique mangrove fish, mangrove rivulus, that remains in the forest even during low tide events. The remainder of the fish and decapod assemblage was targeted with 1.5X1.0 m block nets placed over the mouths of intertidal rivulets at slack flood tide. These nets captured fishes and crustaceans leaving the forest on the ebb tide. Results were expressed as catch per unit effort (CPUE). Future plans call for development of a curve of stage height versus area inundated for each block net location so that results may be expressed as numbers and biomass per cubic meter. Currently, there are nine nets of each type arrayed along the estuarine salinity gradient as follows: three of each type near the freshwater/oligohaline interface in Tarpon Bay, three each midway along the salinity gradient on the Harney River, and three each about 3 km up from the mouth of the Shark River near Ponce de Leon Bay, our site of highest (near marine) salinity. Nets are being sampled bi-monthly to capture patterns of juvenile recruitment and changes in relative abundance of species influenced by wet and dry season changes.
Taxonomic_Completeness: unknown
General_Taxonomic_Coverage:
Red mangrove is identified to the species level, Diamondback terrapins are identified to the subspecies level
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Empire
Taxon_Rank_Value: Biovitae
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Kingdom
Taxon_Rank_Value: Animalia
Applicable_Common_Name: animals
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Phylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Chordata
Applicable_Common_Name: chordates
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subphylum
Taxon_Rank_Value: Vertebrata
Applicable_Common_Name: vertebrates
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Reptilia
Applicable_Common_Name: reptiles
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Testudines
Applicable_Common_Name: terrapins
Applicable_Common_Name: tortoises
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Emydidae
Applicable_Common_Name: terrapins
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Malaclemys
Applicable_Common_Name: Diamondback terrapins
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Malackemys terrapin
Applicable_Common_Name: Diamondback terrapin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subspecies
Taxon_Rank_Value: Malaclemys terrapin rhizophorarum
Applicable_Common_Name: Mangrove Diamondback Terrapin
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Kingdom
Taxon_Rank_Value: Plantae
Applicable_Common_Name: plants
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Subkingdom
Taxon_Rank_Value: Tracheobionta
Applicable_Common_Name: vascular plants
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Division
Taxon_Rank_Value: Magnoliophyta
Applicable_Common_Name: angiosperms
Applicable_Common_Name: flowering plants
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Class
Taxon_Rank_Value: Magnoliopsida
Applicable_Common_Name: dicots
Applicable_Common_Name: dicotyledons
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Order
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rhizophorales
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Family
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rhizophoraceae
Applicable_Common_Name: mangroves
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Genus
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rhizophora
Applicable_Common_Name: mangrove
Taxonomic_Classification:
Taxon_Rank_Name: Species
Taxon_Rank_Value: Rhizophora mangle
Applicable_Common_Name: red mangrove
Access_Constraints: none
Use_Constraints: none
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Carole C. McIvor
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 600 Fourth Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext. 3022
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2032
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: carole_mcivor@usgs.gov
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/proposals/2001/studyareax.gif>
Browse_Graphic_File_Description:
Study area showing locations of BRD monitoring stations for hydrology and ecology.
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: GIF
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name:
<https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/posters/turtle_gene/images/fig3sitingsx.jpg>
Browse_Graphic_File_Description:
Green sea turtle sightings and seep locations in the Big Sable Creek complex
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: JPEG
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name:
<https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/posters/turtle_gene/images/fig1mapx.jpg>
Browse_Graphic_File_Description: Green sea turtle study site in Everglades National Park
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: JPEG
Data_Set_Credit:
Additional project personnel include Gary L. Hill, Noah Silverman, Kristen Hart, and Katie Kuss.
Native_Data_Set_Environment: MS Excel
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Hart, Kristen M.

McIvor, Carole C.; King, Tim L.; Croeder, Larry B.

Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Integrating Ecology and Genetics to Define Population Extent for a Continuously-distributed Species, Diamondback terrapins (Malaclemys terrapin)
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: poster
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: St. Petersburg, FL
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details: accessed as of 11/17/2010
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/posters/terrapin_pop/>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Hart, Kristen M.

Naro-Maciel, Eugenia; Good, Caroline P.; McIvor, Carole C.

Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Green Sea Turtles (Chelonia mydas) of Everglades National Park: Habitat Associations and Genetic Analyses
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: poster
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: St. Petersburg, FL
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details: accessed as of 11/17/2010
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/posters/turtle_gene/>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Hart, Kristen M.

McIvor, Carole C.

Publication_Date: Unknown
Title:
Using sea turtles to find seagrass: Tracking juvenile Chelonia mydas with satellite telemetry in the southwest coastal Everglades, Florida, USA
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: poster
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: St. Petersburg, FL
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/posters/turtle_track/>

Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report: not applicable
Completeness_Report: not available
Lineage:
Methodology:
Methodology_Type: Field
Methodology_Description:
Mark-recapture techniques were used for Diamondback terrapins. Three weeklong sampling trips were made to the Big Sable Creek system to capture, mark, and recapture terrapins. Captures were concentrated in the upper reaches of creeks in the system. On each sampling trip, named creeks and their navigable branches were surveyed systematically for terrapins at AM and PM low tides. Dip nets were used to capture turtles, with the new moon tides providing the best conditions for capture success.
Methodology:
Methodology_Type: Field
Methodology_Description:
In the mangrove forests of Shark River, pilot studies were performed to determine the best design for capturing fishes and decapod crustaceans using flooded forests. We used 2x3 m2 pull-up nets buried in the forest floor to quantify the density, biomass, and population dynamics of a unique mangrove fish, mangrove rivulus, that remains in the forest even during low tide events. The remainder of the fish and decapod assemblage was targeted with 1.5x1.0 m block nets placed over the mouths of intertidal rivulets at slack flood tide. These nets capture fish and crustaceans leaving the forest on the ebb tide. Nine nets of each type were arrayed along the estuarine salinity gradient as follows: three of each type near the freshwater/oligohaline interface in Tarpon Bay, three each midway along the salinity gradient on the Harney River, and three each about 3 km up from the mouth of the Shark River near Ponce de Leon Bay, the site of highest salinity. Nets were sampled bimonthly to capture patterns of juvenile recruitment and changes in relative abundance of species influenced by wet and dry season changes.
Methodology:
Methodology_Type: Field
Methodology_Description:
We worked throughout navigable, mangrove-lined tidal creeks within the Big Sable Creek (BSC) complex and conducted all sampling trips around new moons to take advantage of spring tides (i.e., highest high and lowest low tides). Dip netting was most successful during a 2-hour window around both day and evening low tides.

In addition to taking standard morphometric measurements on each turtle and recording a GPS location for each capture and recapture location, we marked each newly captured terrapin in four ways: (1) by notching the marginal scutes in a systematic pattern, (2) by inserting an individually numbered 9-or 10-digit alpha-numeric passively induced transponder (PIT) tag, (3) by taking head-on, dorsal, ventral, and side view photographs for photo-id (with particular emphasis on capturing the unique pattern of each turtle’s plastron), and (4) by taking blood samples to be screened for microsatellite DNA markers which resulted in locus-specific scores for each individual. For consistency, K. Hart performed all the notching, PIT tagging, photographing, and blood sampling throughout the study. We used the redundant marking system to ensure no tag loss or errors in identification. We also used strict, consistent protocols to catalog animals so that the possibility of misidentification would be essentially zero. We re-weighed and re-measured recaptured turtles, and released all new turtles after workup at their original capture site and all recaptured turtles at their recapture location. Additionally, we attached radiotransmitters to a subset of females to conduct short-term tracking in the study site. For analyses, we constructed a unique 5-capture history for each of the 300 terrapins from the capture and recapture data collected on each trip. Each capture history consisted of the seen (1) or not seen (0) record of the individual during each of the five sampling periods. We used Program MARK and AIC model selection procedures to derive estimates of survival and capture probability. We used Program JOLLY to estimate abundance.

We marked a total of 300 terrapins. We captured 24 animals in crab pots on the first sampling trip (November 2001), but thereafter captured terrapins only with dip nets.

Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Significant progress has been made on quantitatively establishing baseline patterns of the distribution and abundance of fish and decapod crustaceans associated with mangroves along Shark River and of diamondback terrapins in the Big Sable Creek complex.

Initial samples have been taken in mangroves in Shark River, and marsh sites are set up: sampling will begin there in the rainy season. Mangrove sites have been chosen on Lostmans River.

Process_Date: 2001
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Fish sampling stations have been established at three sites along the Shark River from near the upstream mangrove ecotone to a site near the mouth of Shark River. Samples have been, and will continue to be, taken every two months from replicate nets and two methods. Terrapin sampling using dip nets in the Big Sable Creek complex was initiated in November 2001. Samples were also taken in July 2002 and December 2002. Over 250 animals are marked, 10 females have been radio-tagged and samples have been collected for genetic analysis.
Process_Date: 2003
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Work completed in FY 2004 included:

1. We continued to describe fish community structure in fringing mangrove forests along a salinity gradient in Shark River based on periodic field sampling at 3 sites along a longitudinal salinity gradient. We used 9 total 2x3 m2 bottomless lift nets, and 9 total 1x1.5 m2 intertidal rivulet nets. Quantitative estimates of recovery of marked fishes of 2 common species were completed for the lift nets. By the end of FY2004 we will have estimates of discharge from all 9 intertidal rivulet sites. From these data we can thus standardize all capture data to fish per cubic meter at these latter nets.

2. We continued to define population structure and genetics of diamondback terrapins at Big Sable Creek complex immediately south of Shark River. Terrapins have been captured with dip nets on 6 weeklong trips between 11/01 and 10/03. A total of 300 unique individuals with a male: female sex ratio of 1.16:1.0 have been captured, measured, weighed, PIT tagged and had blood drawn for genetic samples. Initial population size estimate is about 1,415 individuals based on the Schnabel method. We estimated downed log cover in 6 headwater creeks to correlate with terrapin capture locations. Final objectives are to refine this population estimate, better characterize habitat use, and finish analysis of blood samples previously collected for DNA characterization.

3. We continued analysis of effects on fisheries of hurricane-induced habitat conversion of mangroves to mudflats at Big Sable Creek complex. Due to destruction from passage of two category 4/5 hurricanes (1935, 1960), some mangroves at Big Sable Creek complex did not recover. Rather, they were converted to intertidal mudflats. This task addresses the fisheries consequence of this storm-induced habitat conversion. The objective is to compare on a quantitative basis the fish species composition, density and biomass in replicate habitats of the two types. We currently have 9 complete sets of samples. We must still make discharge measurements to standardize our catch data to fish per cubic meter of water.

4. Status of the data: Shark River fishes 4.5 years, Big Sable Creek fishes 1.5 years, terrapins 2.5 years, Submerged Aquatic Vegetation (SAV) in Shark River 1 year. Data collection and data entry has been completed for the project. Data analysis and interpretation is ongoing.

Process_Date: 2004
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Carole C. McIvor
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 600 Fourth Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext. 3022
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2032
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: carole_mcivor@usgs.gov

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Indirect_Spatial_Reference: SW Florida coast

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Data available in an Excel spreadsheet include: turtle id #; capture date; gender; sch (cm) straight carapace height; scl (cm) straight carapace length; scw (cm) straight carapace width; mass (g); ccl (cm) curved carapace length; ccw (cm) curved carapace width; spl (cm) straight plastron length; and spw (cm) straight plastron width. An * denotes carapace anomoly.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: USGS personnel

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather S. Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 600 Fourth St. South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: hhenkel@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: Terrapin Mark-Recapture Study
Distribution_Liability: The data have no implied or explicit guarantees
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: MS Excel
Format_Version_Number: unknown
Transfer_Size: 0.05
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/exchange/impacts_est/index.html>
Access_Instructions: Data may be downloaded from the SOFIA website
Fees: none

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20110110
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 600 Fourth Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: sofia-metadata@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name:
Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata Part 1:Biological Data Profile
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001.1-1999
Metadata_Access_Constraints: none
Metadata_Use_Constraints:
This metadata record may have been copied from the SOFIA website and may not be the most recent version. Please check <https://sofia.usgs.gov/metadata> to be sure you have the most recent version.

This page is <https://sofia.usgs.gov/metadata/sflwww/mcivor_hydroimpact.html>

U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey
Comments and suggestions? Contact: Heather Henkel - Webmaster
Generated by mp version 2.8.18 on Mon Jan 10 14:21:38 2011