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Hydrogeology of the Surficial Aquifer System in Southwest Florida

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Suzanne D. Weedman
Publication_Date: unpublished material
Title:
Hydrogeology of the Surficial Aquifer System in Southwest Florida
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/surficial/>
Description:
Abstract:
The objective of this project is to provide to hydrologic modelers a three-dimensional database of the geologic and hydrologic properties of the sediments and rocks of the surficial aquifer system in southwest Florida, in Collier and Monroe Counties. Emphasis will be placed on the geologic framework of the aquifer.

Two independent methods are used in this study to estimate the age of the aquifer rocks and sediments. Samples from cores will be examined for fossil dinoflagellate cysts, pollen, mollusks, foraminifers, and ostracodes, and their age determined by correlation to other distant sites that have been dated isotopically. Age also will be estimated by the isotopic composition of strontium in unaltered shells. The ratio of the stable isotopes of strontium in the oceans has varied over geologic time such that, in the last 40 million years, there has been a unique relation between age and isotopic composition. Marine invertebrates incorporate the strontium isotopic ratio of the ocean into their shells as they grow, thereby preserving evidence of their age.

Geophysical logs provide a continuous downhole record of the properties of the rocks that form the aquifer. They are especially valuable in providing physical and chemical properties of the corehole where particular intervals of core recovery are poor. Also, they allow extension of hydrologic test data from discrete samples to the rest of the core. Geophysical logs, combined with aquifer water properties and flow measurements, will be used to relate large-scale ground-water circulation to the distribution of hydrologic properties of the aquifer. For example, flowmeter logs can confirm that the most permeable intervals, as inferred from core measurements, coincide with the intervals that conduct the most flow in the vicinity of test wells. Geophysical logs also will indicate which confining units act to separate the aquifer system into discrete aquifers having different water quality and hydraulic head.

Purpose:
Restoration and management of the south Florida ecosystem will be guided by hydrologic models that simulate water flowing through the wetlands and shallow subsurface aquifers beneath them. The restoration of the ecosystem is, essentially, the restoration of the natural hydrologic system. As surface water is re-diverted from manmade canals to its more natural sstate and overland flow, several changes are predicted to occurr. First, because water flowing over land moves more slowly than in canals, overland flow should remain in the wetlnad ecosystem for a longer period each year. Second, as flowing water spreads out over the wetlands, recharge to the shallow aquifers should increase as more of that water infiltrates into the ground. The U.S. Corps of Engineers (USACE) and the South Florida Water Management District (SFWMD) will use hydrologic models to anticipate the consequences of these proposed restoration plans. This reseaerch project is designed to provide essential subsurface data to improve hydrologic models for land and water managers in southwest Florida where subsurface information is lacking. Obtaining hydrogeological data involves core drilling, corehole testing, and rock and sediment analysis. Understanding the geologic history of the sediments and rocks of the aquifer system is necessary to place the hydrologic properties of that system into a geologic framework.
Supplemental_Information: This project ended in 1999.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 199602
Ending_Date: 1999
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -81.7
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -80.86
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 26.18
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 25.73
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Theme_Keyword: aquifer tests
Theme_Keyword: geologic core
Theme_Keyword: geophysical logs
Theme_Keyword: hydrogeology
Theme_Keyword: surficial aquifer system
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: environment
Theme_Keyword: geoscientificInformation
Theme_Keyword: inlandWaters
Theme_Keyword: 007
Theme_Keyword: 008
Theme_Keyword: 012
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1995, Countries, Dependencies, Areas of Special Sovereignty, and Their Principal Administrative Divisions, Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 10-4, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: US
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
U.S. Department of Commerce, 1987, Codes for the identification of the States, the District of Columbia and the outlying areas of the United States, and associated areas (Federal Information Processing Standard 5-2): Washington, DC, NIST
Place_Keyword: Florida
Place_Keyword: FL
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1990, Counties and Equivalent Entities of the United States, Its Possessions, and Associated Areas, FIPS 6-3, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: Collier County
Place_Keyword: Monroe County
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Geographic Names Information System
Place_Keyword: Big Cypress National Preserve
Place_Keyword: Everglades National Park
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Place_Keyword: Central Everglades
Place_Keyword: Florida Keys
Place_Keyword: SW Big Cypress
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints: None
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Bruce R. Wardlaw
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 12201 Sunrise Valley Drive, MS 926A
City: Reston
State_or_Province: VA
Postal_Code: 20192
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 703 648 5288
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 703 648 5420
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: bwardlaw@usgs.gov
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/fs/158-96>
Browse_Graphic_File_Description: Figure 1 shows the project study area
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: GIF
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Station location and description are stored for each core location in the USGS NWIS database. Geologic and geophysical logs are stored text and graphic files.
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Reese, Ronald S.

Cunningham, Kevin J.

Publication_Date: 2000
Title: Hydrogeology of the Gray Limestone Aquifer in Southern Florida
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Water Resources Investigations Report
Issue_Identification: 99-4213
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Tallahassee, FL
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Other_Citation_Details:
Prepared in cooperation with the South Florida Water Management District
Online_Linkage: <http://fl.water.usgs.gov/Abstracts/wri99_4213_reese.html>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Edwards, L. E.

Weedman, S. D.; Simmons, K. R.; Scott, T. M.; Brewster-Wingard, G. L.; Ishman, S. E.; Carlin, N. M.

Publication_Date: 1998
Title:
Lithostratigraphy, petrography, biostratigraphy, and strontium-isotope stratigraphy of the surficial aquifer system of western Collier County, Florida
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 98-205
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/ofr/98-205/>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Weedman, S. D.

Paillet, F. L; Edwards, L. E.; Simmons. K. R.; Scott, T. M.; Wardlaw, B. R.; Reese, R. S.; Blair, J. L.

Publication_Date: 1999
Title:
Lithostratigraphy, geophysics, biostratigraphy, and strontium-isotope stratigraphy of the surficial aquifer system of eastern Collier County and northern Monroe County, Florida
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 99-432
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: <http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1999/of99-432/index.html>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Weedman, S. D.

Paillet, F. L.; Means, G. H.; Scott, T. M.

Publication_Date: 1997
Title:
Lithology and geophysics of the surficial aquifer system in western Collier County, Florida
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 97-436
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: <http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/usgspubs/ofr/ofr97436>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Paillet. F. L.
Publication_Date: 200104
Title:
Integrating surface and borehole geophysics in the characterization of salinity in a coastal aquifer
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: unknown
Publisher:
The First International Conference on Saltwater Intrusion and Coastal Aquifers
Other_Citation_Details:
This paper is from the proceedings of the The First International Conference on Saltwater Intrusions and Coastal Aquifers - Monitoring, Modeling, and Management, Essaouira, Morocco
Online_Linkage:
<https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/papers/int_geophysics/index.html>

Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report: not applicable
Completeness_Report: not available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Approximately 21 coreholes were drilled through the surficial aquifer system, averaging 200 feet in depth. Geophysical logs were run after the holes were drilled. Geophysical probes were placed into the coreholes to determine water and rock composition, rock porosity, water-flow rates, hole diameter, and roughness. A flowmeter was used to measure direction (up or down) and magnitude of flow in the aquifer at specific depths.

Cores have been examined for mineralogy, texture, sedimentary structures, and fossils to determine rock type, age, mineralization, and porosity and to differentiate the zones that form aquifers from the confining units that separate them.

Stratigraphic units have been identified and correlated between coreholes and their properties estimated where core data are absent.

Aquifer tests were being performed on selected coreholes to measure permeability of the aquifer system.

Process_Date: Unknown
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Bruce R. Wardlaw
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 12201 Sunrise Valley Drive, MS 926A
City: Reston
State_or_Province: VA
Postal_Code: 20192
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 703 648 5288
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 703 648 5420
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: bwardlaw@usgs.gov

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Bruce R. Wardlaw
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 12201 Sunrise Valley Drive, MS 926A
City: Reston
State_or_Province: VA
Postal_Code: 20192
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 703 648 5288
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 703 648 5420
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: bwardlaw@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: hydrogeology of the surficial aquifer system in SW Florida
Distribution_Liability: The data have no implied or explicit guarantees.
Standard_Order_Process:
Non-digital_Form: Contact Bruce Wardlaw for data from this project.
Fees: none

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20070220
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 600 Fourth Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: sofia-metadata@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998

This page is <https://sofia.usgs.gov/metadata/sflwww/metweed.html>

U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Center for Coastal Geology
Comments and suggestions? Contact: Heather Henkel - Webmaster
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