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Effect of Water Flow on Transport of Solutes, Suspended Particles, and Particle-Associated Nutrients in the Everglades Ridge and Slough Landscape

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Judson Harvey

Gregory Noe; James Saiers

Publication_Date: Unpublished Material
Title:
Effect of Water Flow on Transport of Solutes, Suspended Particles, and Particle-Associated Nutrients in the Everglades Ridge and Slough Landscape
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/susparticles/>
Description:
Abstract:
The objectives of the study are:

To quantify through detailed field experiments previously unstudied processes in the Everglades, such as rates of fine-particle movement and filtration by vegetation as well as advective solute exchange between surface water and zones of solute storage in relatively stagnant waters (in areas of thick vegetation and in peat pore water). Our study focuses on determining the effects of these processes on chemical reactions of the contaminants as well as overall effects on downstream transport. At least initially, the emphasis will be on improved understanding of factors influencing transport of dissolved and fine particle forms of phosphorus.

To apply the new knowledge gained from field measurements first in our own transport models (which are necessarily limited in time and space) and then to encourage application in more widely used water-quality models (e.g. DMSTA, ELM), and water quality models currently in development (e.g. extension of USGS SICS model in Taylor Slough). The goal is more accurate simulation of the effects of restoration on Everglades water quality, thus allowing more reliable use of water-quality models for prediction of the effects of restoration.

To guide the use of improved water-quality models to estimate potential rates of transport, storage, and remobilization of phosphorus (and other contaminants) in WCA-2A, Shark and Taylor Sloughs in Everglades National Park, and Loxahatchee Wildlife Refuge, with a goal to predict potential rates of downstream movement of phosphorus in these systems under "restored" flows.

Purpose:
A key measure of success in the Everglades restoration is protecting water quality while increasing the quantity of water flowing through the Everglades. The restoration's goal of increasing surface-water flow through the wetlands could have the unintended consequence of transporting contaminants farther into the Everglades than ever before. Thus, the need to augment water delivery will at times inevitably result in using water with higher than desirable total dissolved solids, particulate organic matter, sulfate, nutrients, and mercury. In addition, greater water flows may increase transport of those contaminants farther into the wetlands than ever before. Our investigation seeks a better understanding of the fundamental processes that affect the rates at which contaminants are transported in wetlands, focusing especially on critical unknowns - 1) rates of contaminant transport in association with fine suspended particles, and 2) rates of solute exchange between surface water and storage areas reservoirs in relatively stagnant surface waters (in thick vegetation and subsurface pore water in peat). Our studies are planned to be the definitive experimental investigations of solute and particle transport in the Everglades.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2004
Ending_Date: 2006
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -81
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -80.25
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 26.75
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 25
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Theme_Keyword: hydrology
Theme_Keyword: wetland
Theme_Keyword: phosphorus
Theme_Keyword: nutrients
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: environment
Theme_Keyword: inlandWaters
Theme_Keyword: 007
Theme_Keyword: 012
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1995, Countries, Dependencies, Areas of Special Sovereignty, and Their Principal Administrative Divisions, Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 10-4, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: US
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
U.S. Department of Commerce, 1987, Codes for the identification of the States, the District of Columbia and the outlying areas of the United States, and associated areas (Federal Information Processing Standard 5-2): Washington, DC, NIST
Place_Keyword: Florida
Place_Keyword: FL
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1990, Counties and Equivalent Entities of the United States, Its Possessions, and Associated Areas, FIPS 6-3, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: Miami-Dade County
Place_Keyword: Broward County
Place_Keyword: Palm Beach County
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Geographic Names Information System
Place_Keyword: Everglades National Park
Place_Keyword: Taylor Slough
Place_Keyword: Shark Slough
Place_Keyword: Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Place_Keyword: Central Everglades
Place_Keyword: Greater Lake Okeechobee
Access_Constraints: none
Use_Constraints: none
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Judson W. Harvey
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Project Chief
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 430 National Center
City: Reston
State_or_Province: VA
Postal_Code: 20192
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 703 648-5876
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 703 648 5484
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jwharvey@usgs.gov
Data_Set_Credit:
Project personnel include Daniel Nowacki, Jennifer O'Reilly, Joel Detty, Laurel Larsen, and Ying Qui
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Noe, G. B.

Scinto, L. J.; Taylor, J.; Childers, D. L.; Jones, R. D.

Publication_Date: 200311
Title:
Phosphorus cycling and partitioning in an oligotrophic Everglades wetlands ecosystem: a radioisotope tracing study
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Freshwater Biology
Issue_Identification: v. 48 issue 11
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Oxford, Oxon, England
Publisher: Blackwell Synergy
Other_Citation_Details:
The article is available from the Blackwell Synergy website. An online subscripton or single article purchase is required to access the full article.
Online_Linkage:
<http://blackwell-synergy.com/doi/full/10.1046/j.1365-2427.2003.01143.x>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Harvey J. D.

Saiers, J. E.; Newlin, J. T.

Publication_Date: 2005
Title:
Solute transport and storage mechanisms in wetlands of the Everglades, south Florida
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Water Resources Research
Issue_Identification: v. 41 n. 5
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Washington, DC
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Other_Citation_Details:
Paper available from the AGU site. Journal subscription required to access the paper or a single copy may be purchased for a fee
Online_Linkage: <http://www.agu.org/pubs/back/wr/index.shtml>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Saiers, James E.

Harvey, Judson W.; Mylon, Steven E.

Publication_Date: 2003
Title:
Surface-water transport of suspended matter through wetland vegetation of the Florida everglades
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Geophysical Research Letters
Issue_Identification: v. 30 n. 19, 1987
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Washington, DC
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Online_Linkage:
<http://water.usgs.gov/nrp/sheetflow/publications/Saiers_suspended_matter.pdf>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Gaiser, E. E.

Trexler, J. C.; Richards, J. H.; Childers, D. L.; Lee, D.; Edwards, A. L.; Scinto, L. J.; Jayachandran, K.; Noe, G. B.; Jones, R. D.

Publication_Date: 2005
Title:
Cascading ecological effects of low-level phosphorus enrichment in the Florida Everglades
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Journal of Environmental Quality
Issue_Identification: v. 34
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Madison, WI
Publisher:
American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, & Soil Science Society of America
Other_Citation_Details:
The full article may be downloaded from the Journal of Environmental Quality website. Search for primary author, year, and journal
Online_Linkage: <http://jeq.scijournals.org/search.dtl>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Harvey, J. W.

Newlin, J. T.; Krest, J. M.; Choi, J.; Nemeth, E. A.; Krupa, S. L.

Publication_Date: 2005
Title:
Surface-Water and Ground-Water Interactions in Water Conservation Area 2A, Central Everglades
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Scientific Investigations Report
Issue_Identification: 2004-5069
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: <https://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/sir/2004-5069/>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Noe, Gregory B.

Childers, Daniels L.

Publication_Date: 200706
Title:
Phosphorus budgets in Everglades wetland ecosystems: the effects of hydrology and nutrient enrichment
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Wetlands Ecology and Management
Issue_Identification: v 15, no. 3
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Dordrecht, Netherlands
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Online_Linkage:
<http://water.usgs.gov/nrp/sheetflow/publications/Noe%20Childers%202007%20Everglades%20P%20budgets.pdf>
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Noe, G. B.

Harvey, J. W.

Publication_Date: 2007
Title: Characterization of suspended particles in Everglades wetlands
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Limnology and Oceanography
Issue_Identification: v. 52, no. 3
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Washington, DC
Publisher: American Society of Limnology and Oceanography
Online_Linkage:
<http://water.usgs.gov/nrp/sheetflow/publications/Noe%20et%20al%202007%20LO%20Everglades%20particles.pdf>

Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report: not available
Completeness_Report: not available
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Work for FY 2005 included determining the role of transport of fine particles in controlling storage, transport, and transformation of phosphorus and other contaminants in the surface water of Everglades wetlands. Regional differences will be addressed through measurements at one site in central Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee (WCA-1), three sites along the nutrient enrichment gradient in WCA-2A, and one site each in Shark Slough and Taylor Slough in Everglades National Park. Interactions between phosphorus biogeochemistry, particle transport and filtration, and water flow velocity will be investigated through field-tracer experimentation using carefully controlled injections of solute and particulate tracers. The goal of tracer experiments is to determine the fate of particulate matter and associated phosphorus under different flow conditions. Modeling will be required to interpret the results of tracer experiments to produce a fundamental set of transport parameters representing the role of fine suspended particles and storage of water and solute in slow-moving areas of thick vegetation and subsurface pore water.
Process_Date: 2005
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Work planned for FY 2006:

1. Interpret regional patterns in physical properties and chemistry of fine suspended particles that were measured in FY 2005 in a regional program of sampling in the Everglades that contrasted wetlands with different levels of hard and soft water and contrasting impacts of phosphorus pollution. The variables measured were total concentration, size distribution, elemental composition, phosphorus content of particles in the water column. Locations included one site in central Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee (WCA-1), three sites along the nutrient enrichment gradient in WCA-2A, and one site in Shark Slough, Everglades National Park.

2. Monitoring of phosphorus fate and storage in an area of well preserved ridge and slough landscape in Water Conservation Area 3A. This work will investigate interactions between topography, flow velocity, vegetation type and density, and the transport of fine suspended particulates and associated phosphorus over a wet season. Two monitoring sites will be established (one on a ridge and one in a slough) with continuous measurement of water depth, velocity, specific conductivity, and temperature profiles in the water column. At the same sites this project will be measuring detailed topography and microtopography, and sediment characteristics (including phosphorus forms) at the ridge and slough sites and at transition sites between them. On a one time sampling trip we will measure storage of nutrients in dissolved and particulate phases in water, soil, and plants across the transect. On a monthly basis through the wet season we will measure dissolved and suspended fine particulate concentrations of phosphorus and nitrogen (organic and inorganic forms) at three depths of the water column in both ridge and slough. Dissolved and particulate organic carbon, calcium, iron, and aluminum will also be measured at the same locations on one sampling trip Dissolved concentrations will also be determined at six depths in pore water of the Everglades peat soil.

3. In addition to seasonal monitoring, interactions between water flow, suspended sediment transport, and phosphorus biogeochemistry will be addressed through carefully controlled injections of solute and particulate tracers. The goal is to determine in detail (1) the fate of solutes and fine particulate matter under different flow conditions in contrasting ridge and slough environments, and (2) to identify the specific physical and biological features and processes responsible for the observed levels of transport and storage. These detailed experiments are to be conducted at the spatial scale of approximately 10 m and the time scale of several days. Results of those experiments must be modeled to summarize in an efficient manner the parameters describing (1) interactions between particle sources, size classes, and phosphorus content, (2) transport and filtration rates of particles in areas of contrasting type and density of vegetation, (3) rates of water and solute storage in relatively slow moving water in zones of thick vegetation and in subsurface pore water, and (4) chemical reaction rates that change the form of phosphorus (between dissolved and particulate) and affect the residence time of phosphorus in storage and the mobility of phosphorus in forms that can be transported. This information is critical for guiding the development of water quality models which must include acceptable simplifications of the complex processes affecting phosphorus fate and storage in the Everglades.

Process_Date: Not complete
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Judson W. Harvey
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Project Chief
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 430 National Center
City: Reston
State_or_Province: VA
Postal_Code: 20192
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 703 648-5876
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 703 648 5484
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jwharvey@usgs.gov

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20071001
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 600 Fourth Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727 803-8747 ext 3028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727 803-2030
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: sofia-metadata@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998

This page is <https://sofia.usgs.gov/metadata/sflwww/sus_parts.html>

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