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Vegetation Map of the SICS area

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
John W. Jones
Virginia Carter (retired); Nancy B. Rybicki; Justin T. Reel; Henry A. Ruhl; David W. Stewart
Publication_Date: 199907
Title: Vegetation Map of the SICS area
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: map
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Third International Symposium on Ecohydraulics
Issue_Identification: Proceedings
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Salt Lake City, UT
Publisher: International Association for Hydraulic Research
Other_Citation_Details:
The map was published as part of a paper presented at the Third International Symposium on Ecohydraulics, sponsored by the International Association for Hydraulic Research (IAHR), held in Salt Lake City, UT, on July 12-16, 1999.
Online_Linkage: https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/sheet_flow/sicsmap.html
Description:
Abstract:
The map shows the 8-class vegetation cover developed from Landsat TM data used for the SICS area.
Purpose:
This map was created specifically for surface-water flow velocity indexing within hydrodynamic models created by the U.S. Geological Survey. Vegetation classes in this map represent mixes of vegetation types that share structural characteristics and ranges of flow resistance as determined through field, laboratory, and hydrodynamic model experiments. Some of these vegetation types are more typically segregated into separate classes. Therefore, the user is cautioned not to treat this map as a standard vegetation classification. This map's characteristics and your requirements should be carefully considered before adopting this map for your particular use. Surface water flow velocity in the wetlands of Taylor Slough, Everglades National Park, is controlled by factors such as water depth, land-surface gradient, wind effects, and the type and density of vegetation. To evaluate the effect of vegetation on this shallow surface-water flow for model development, it is necessary to extrapolate from point measurements of velocity and surface-water slope made concurrently with characterization of vegetation at locations throughout the slough to the entire model area. This map was created solely for the purpose of extrapolating field and laboratory measured vegetation resistances to flow to the area of Taylor Slough/The Everglades National Park being modeled in the Southern Inland Coastal System (SICS) model domain.
Supplemental_Information:
The SICS study area is located in the southeast quadrant of Everglades National Park (ENP). It encompasses the interface of the wetlands of the Taylor Slough and southern C-111 canal drainage basins with nearshore tidal embayments of Florida Bay. The study area is bounded on the east by U.S. Highway 1, and C-111 canal and levee; on the north and west by ENP Road (SR27) and Old Ingraham Highway; and on the south by Florida Bay.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1997
Ending_Date: 1999
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -81
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -80.33
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 25.5
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 25
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Theme_Keyword: vegetation
Theme_Keyword: remote sensing
Theme_Keyword: hydrology
Theme_Keyword: mapping
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: environment
Theme_Keyword: imageryBaseMapsEarthCover
Theme_Keyword: inlandWaters
Theme_Keyword: 007
Theme_Keyword: 010
Theme_Keyword: 012
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1995, Countries, Dependencies, Areas of Special Sovereignty, and Their Principal Administrative Divisions, Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 10-4, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: US
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
U.S. Department of Commerce, 1987, Codes for the identification of the States, the District of Columbia and the outlying areas of the United States, and associated areas (Federal Information Processing Standard 5-2): Washington, DC, NIST
Place_Keyword: Florida
Place_Keyword: FL
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:
Department of Commerce, 1990, Counties and Equivalent Entities of the United States, Its Possessions, and Associated Areas, FIPS 6-3, Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Place_Keyword: Miami-Dade County
Place_Keyword: Monroe County
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Geographic Names Information System
Place_Keyword: Everglades National Park
Place_Keyword: C-111 Canal
Place_Keyword: Taylor Slough
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Place_Keyword: SICS
Place_Keyword: Southern Inland Coastal System
Place_Keyword: Old Inghram Highway
Place_Keyword: Central Everglades
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints: none
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: John Jones
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Project chief
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 521 National Center
City: Reston
State_or_Province: VA
Postal_Code: 20192
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 703 648-5543
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 703 648-4165
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jwjones@usgs.gov
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: https://sofia.usgs.gov/time/sics.php
Browse_Graphic_File_Description: SICS vegetation map
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: GIF
Native_Data_Set_Environment: Geotiff image and exported ARC/INFO grid
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Carter, Virginia
Rybicki, Nancy B.; Reel, Justin T.; Ruhl, Henry A.; Stewart, David W.; Jones, John W.
Publication_Date: 199907
Title:
Classification of Vegetation for Surface-Water Flow Models in Taylor Slough, Everglades National Park
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: map
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Third International Symposium on Ecohydraulics
Issue_Identification: Proceedings
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Salt Lake City, UT
Publisher:
International Association for Hydraulic Research Association for Hydraulic Research (IAHR)
Online_Linkage: https://sofia.usgs.gov/time/sics/vegclass/vegclass.pdf
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Olmsted, I. C.
Loope, L. L.; Russell, R. P.
Publication_Date: 1981
Title:
Vegetation of the southern coastal region of Everglades National Park between Flamingo and Joe Bay
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Report
Issue_Identification: T-620
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Florida
Publisher: National Park Service South Florida Research Center
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Olmsted, I. C.
Loope, L. L.; Rintz, R. E.
Publication_Date: 1980
Title:
A survey and baseline analysis of aspects of the vegetation of Taylor Slough, Everglades National Park
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Report
Issue_Identification: T-586
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Florida
Publisher: National Park Service South Florida Research Center
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Stewart, D. W.
Publication_Date: 1997
Title:
A GIS interface for environmental systems analysis: application to the south Florida ecosystem
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: fact sheeet
Series_Information:
Series_Name: USGS Fact Sheet
Issue_Identification: 193-97
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/FS-193-97/
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Rintz, R. E.
Loope, L. L.
Publication_Date: 1978
Title: Vegetation map of Taylor Slough, Everglades National Park
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Florida
Publisher: National Park Service South Florida Research Center
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Craighead, F. C.
Publication_Date: 1969
Title: Vegetation and recent sedimentation in Everglades National Park
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: report
Series_Information:
Series_Name: The Florida Naturalist
Issue_Identification: October
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Maitland, FL
Publisher: Florida Audubon Society

Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report: not applicable
Completeness_Report: not applicable
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Unknown
Publication_Date: 1997
Title: Landsat TM
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Type_of_Source_Media: remote sensing image
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 19970103
Source_Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: image
Source_Contribution:
The Landsat TM satellite image was used as the basis of the vegetation classification and as the background on which to add ground truth data.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Measurements of flow velocity and surface-water slope were made on four different dates on three west-to-east transects across Taylor Slough. Global Positioning System (GPS) coordinates were used to establish the location of sampling points so that measurements could be repeated at the same site as desired. On three of these sampling dates, vegetation, including periphyton, was harvested from 0.5-m 2 quadrats in horizontal layers, either 10 or 20 cm thick, from the bed through the water column to the top of the plants. The plant material was sorted and measured and both plant material and periphyton were oven-dried at 105 deg. C for 12 hours or more to determine biomass of the individual components in grams dry weight per square meter (gdw/m 2 ). Species composition, density, leaf and(or) culm number and size, leaf area index (LAI), and biomass were determined for each layer.
In addition, total biomass, total biomass minus periphyton biomass, and total LAI were calculated for each individual quadrat. The quadrats were grouped according to species composition and subsequently into density classes based on total biomass minus periphyton: sparse = 0-500 gdw/m 2, medium = 500-1000 gdw/m 2, dense = 1000-2000 gdw/m 2, and very dense = >2000 gdw/m 2.
A variety of remotely sensed products were available for developing the vegetation cover maps, including 1:12,000-scale color digital orthophoto quadrangles and the color infrared (IR) aerial photographs from which these were made, a 68-class 1993-94 Landsat vegetation cover classification map of southern Florida developed by the former National Biological Service and the University of Florida, and several vegetation maps of parts of the Taylor Slough model area (Rintz and Loope, 1978; Olmsted et al., 1980; Olmsted et al., 1981). In addition, we acquired a set of 1997 Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) images that covered the model area.
A geographic information system graphical user interface (DBView), which was developed specifically to assimilate and interpret spatial data (Stewart,1997), was used to manipulate and recombine the 68 classes in the south Florida Landsat map into six vegetation cover classes plus water using the color IR photographs, digital orthophoto quadrangles, and vegetation maps for guidance.
Following a detailed examination of this vegetation map and correlation of the map with ground-truth information, a second vegetation cover map was developed using a January 1997 TM image. The Landsat TM instrument records both reflected (six bands) and emitted (thermal band) energy, respectively, for each ground area sampled. The ground spacing of reflected light measurements is nominally 30 m,while each thermal measurement represents an area 120 m on a side. Typically, the reflected and thermal data are processed separately. However, for this effort, the thermal data were oversampled to the 30-m resolution of the reflected bands. All data points within the resulting 7-band image were statistically grouped into 20 land-cover classes. The result of this process was then geometrically rectified to match the coordinate system used for all other field and remote sensing data collection. Using DBView, vegetation data collected in the field, and field observations, the 20 land-cover classes were further grouped into the seven vegetation classes and one water class.
Evaluation of these two vegetation cover maps required field trips to many sites within or on the periphery of Taylor Slough, including the area to the east that includes the C-111 canal area criss-crossed by drainage canals and the area to the west along the main park road to Flamingo and the Old Ingraham Highway. A special field reconnaissance was made to northern Florida Bay to check the map classes along the Buttonwood Embankment (Craighead, 1969) and the edges of the tidal embayments where Taylor Slough flows into Florida Bay. In addition, the GPS locations of the samples were plotted directly on the vegetation cover maps using DBView to identify the vegetation class from which each sample came.
Process_Date: Unknown
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: John Jones
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Project chief
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 521 National Center
City: Reston
State_or_Province: VA
Postal_Code: 20192
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 703 648-5543
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 703 648-4165
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jwjones@usgs.gov

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Indirect_Spatial_Reference: SICS area
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Raster
Raster_Object_Information:
Raster_Object_Type: Grid Cell

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Grid_Coordinate_System:
Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
UTM_Zone_Number: 17
Transverse_Mercator:
Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.9996
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -81
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0
False_Easting: 500000
False_Northing: 0
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: Row and Column
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 30
Ordinate_Resolution: 30
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Vegetation type is represented by the following colors:
red - sawgrass dark blue - sawgrass/bunchgrass brown - sawgrass/rush yellow - rush (other) purple - evergreen blue-green - mangrove/water green - mangrove/buttonwood cyan - open water
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: USGS personnel

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather S.Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 600 Fourth St. South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727-502-8028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727-502-8182
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: hhenkel@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: Vegetation map of the SICS area
Distribution_Liability: No warrantees are implied or explicit for the data
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Arc/Info grid
Format_Version_Number: unknown
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: https://sofia.usgs.gov/time/sics/sics_veg.e00
Access_Instructions: The file may be downloaded from the SOFIA website
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Georeferenced TIFF (geotiff)
Format_Version_Number: unknown
Format_Information_Content:
Both the geotiff and the tfw files are necessary to use this version of the map
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: https://sofia.usgs.gov/projects/sheet_flow/sicsmap.html
Access_Instructions: The files may be downloaded from the SOFIA website
Fees: none

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20140306
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Heather Henkel
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 600 Fourth Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 727-502-8028
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 727-502-8182
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: sofia-metadata@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998

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Last updated: 23 December, 2016 @ 01:48 PM (KP)