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Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center

Farm ponds as critical habitats for native amphibians

For more information, see these publications:

Kapfer, J. M., and J. R. Parmelee. 2001. Amystoma laterale (Blue-spotted salamander). Herpetological Review 32:267.

Knutson, M. G., J. R. Sauer, D. A. Olsen, M. J. Mossman, L. M. Hemesath, and M. J. Lannoo. 1999. Effects of landscape composition and wetland fragmentation on frog and toad abundance and species richness in Iowa and Wisconsin, USA. Conservation Biology 13:1437-1446.

Knutson, M. G., J. R. Sauer, D. O. Olsen, M. J. Mossman, L. H. Hemesath, and M. J. Lannoo. 2000. Landscape associations of frog and toad species in Iowa and Wisconsin, U.S.A. Journal of the Iowa Academy of Sciences 107:134-145.

Knutson, M. G., W. B. Richardson, D. M. Reineke, B. R. Gray, J. R. Parmelee, and S. E. Weick. 2004. Agricultural ponds support amphibian populations. Ecological Applications 14:669-684.

MacKenzie, D. I., J. D. Nichols, J. E. Hines, M. G. Knutson, and A. B. Franklin. 2003. Estimating site occupancy, colonization and local extinction when a species is detected imperfectly. Ecology 84:2200-2207.

Parmelee, J. R., M. G. Knutson, and J. E. Lyon. 2002. A field guide to amphibian larvae and eggs of Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Iowa. Information and Technology Report USGS/BRD/ITR-2002-0004. U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Washington, D.C. 38 pp.

Weick, S. E., M. G. Knutson, B. C. Knights, and B. C. Pember. 2005. A comparison of internal and external radio transmitters with Northern Leopard Frogs (Rana pipiens). Herpetological Review 36:415-421.

Wolinsky, S., and S. Bourassa. 2005. Farm pond ecosystems. Wildlife Habitat Management Institute, Natural Resources Conservation Service. Leaflet 29, Washington, DC. 12 pp. http://www.whmi.nrcs.usda.gov/technical/leaflet.htm#E

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